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23 terms

AP Government Chapter 11

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reapportionment
redistribution of representatives among the states, based on population change; the house is reapportioned after each census
impeachment
the formal charging of a government official with "treason, bribery, or other high crimes or misdemeanors"
incumbent
a current officeholder
gerrymandering
redrawing a congressional district to intentionally benefit one political party
casework
solving problems for constituents, especially problems involving government agencies
descriptive representation
a belief that constituents are most effectively represented by legislators who are similar to them in such key demographic characteristics as race, ethnicity, religion, or gender
racial gerrymandering
the drawing of a legislative district to maximize the chance that a minority candidate will win an election
veto
the president's disapproval of a bill that has been passed by both houses of Congress; Congress can override a veto with a two-thirds vote in each house
standing committee
a permanent congressional committee that specializes in a particular policy area
joint committee
a committee made up of members of both the House and Senate
select committee
a temporary congressional committee created for a specific purpose and disbanded after that purpose is fulfilled
conference committee
a temporary committee created to work out differences between the House and Senate versions of a specific piece of legislation
seniority
years of consecutive service on a particular congressional committee
oversight
the process of reviewing the operations of an agency to determine whether it is carrying out policies as Congress intended
Speaker of the House
the presiding officer in the House of Representatives
majority leader
the head of the majority party in the Senate; the second-highest-ranking member of the majority party in the House
filibuster
a delaying tactic, used in the Senate, that involves speech-making to prevent action on a piece of legislation
cloture
the mechanism by which a filibuster is cut off int he Senate
constituents
people who live and vote in a government official's district or state
trustee
a representative who is obligated to consider the views of constituents but is not obligated to vote according to those views if he or she believes they are misguided
delegate
a legislator whose primary responsibility is to represent the majority view of his or her constituents, regardless of his or her own view
parliamentary system
a system of government in which the chief executive is the leader whose party holds the most seats in the legislature after an election or whose party forms a major part of the ruling coalition
earmarks
federal funds appropriated by Congress for use on local projects