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First page of appendix B

Dar a

to face, to look out on (cosas)

Dar con

to run into

Dar a conocer

to make known
synonym: publicar, revelar

Dar cuerda

to wind

Dar gritos

to shout, to scream

Dar la hora

to strike (the hour)

Dar las gracias

to thank
synonym: agravarcerle

Dar recuerdos a

to give regards to

Dar un abrazo

to hug

Dar un paseo

to take a walk

Dar un paseo (en coche)

to go for a ride

Dar una vuelta

to take a walk

Darse cuente de (que)

to realize (that)
synonym: enterarse de

Darse la mano

to shake hands

Darse prisa

to hurry
synonyms: apresurarse, apurarse

Echar (una carte, una terjeta, etc.)

to mail (a letter, a card, etc.)
synonym: ponerla en el buson

Echar la culpa

to blame
synonym: culpar al alguien

Echar(se) de perfer

to spoil, to ruin, to lose
synonym: aruniarse, descomponerse

Echar de menos (a alguien)

to miss someone
synonym: extranar

Echarse a reír

to burst out laughing
synonym: empezar a reír fuerte

Estar a punto de

to be about to

Estar al día

to be up to date (current)
synonym: estar al tanto

Estar bien enterado(a)

to be well informed

Estar de acuerdo

to agree unanimously

Estar de buen (mal) humor

to be in a good (bad) mood

Estar de moda

to be in style (fashionable)

Estar de pie

to be standing
synonym: estar de parado(a)

Estar de vuelta

to be back (despues de regresar)

Estar enamorado(a) de

to be in love with

Estar harto de

to be fed up with

Estar muerto de hambre

to be starving

Estar muerto de cansancio

to be dead tired

Estar para + infinitive

to be about to, to be at the point of

(no) Estar para bromas

to (not) be in the mood for jokes

Estar por

to be in favor of

Estar seguro

to be sure

(no) hacer caso a

(not) to pay attention, (not) to listen to, to ignore
synonyms: prestar atención, obedecer

Hacer el papel de

to play the part 9role) of

Hacer escala

to make a stop (plane)

Hacer hincapié

to emphasize
synonym: enfatizar

Hacer la cama

to make the bed

Hacer la maleta

to pack one's suitcase

Hacer pedazos

to smash, to tear into pieces

Hacer un viaje

to take a trip

Hacer una pregunta

to ask a question

Hacer una visita

to pay a visit

Hacerle daño a alguien

to hurt someone

Hacerle falta

to lack, to be in need of, to be lacking

Hacer(le) saber

to inform, to let someone
synonyms: informar, avisar

Hacerse cargo

to take charge of

Hacerse daño

to get hurt, to hurt (oneself)

Hacerse tarde

to get late
synonyms: dañarse, lastimarse

¿Qué tiempo hace?

What is the weather like?

Hace buen tiempo

the weather is good.

Hace (mucho) calor

It is (very) hot/warm

Hace (mucho) fresco

It is (very) cool

Hace (mucho) frío

It is (very) cold

Hace mal tiempo

the weather is bad

Hace (mucho) sol

It is (very) sunny

Hacer (mucho) viento

It is (very) windy

Ir al centro

to go downtown

Ir de compras

to go shopping

Llegar a ser

to become

Llegar a tiempo

to arrive on time

Llegar atrasado

to arrive late

Llegar con atraso

to arrive late

Llegar con retraso

to arrive late

Llegar tarde

to arrive late

Llegar temprano

to arrive early

Ponerse de acuerdo

to come to an agreement

Ponerse de pie

to stand
synonym: pararse

Ponerse de rodillas

to kneel (down)
synonym: arrodillarse

Tener años

to be...years old

Tener buena (mala) cara

to look good (bad)

Tener mucha calma

to be very calm

Tener mucho calor

to be/feel very hot

Tener muchos celos de

to be very jealous of

Tener mucho cuidad

to be very careful

Tener deseos de

to feel like, to have an urge to

Tener dolor de

to have a (sore throat, headache, etc.)

Tener en cuenta

to take into account

Tener mucho envidia de

to be very envious of

Tener mucho éxito

to be very successful

Tener mucho frío

to be/feel very cold

Tener ganas de

to feel like, to have an urge to
synonym: tener deseos

Tener mucha hambre

to be very hungry

Tener la culpa

To be blamed for

Tener la palabra

to have the floor

Tener mucha lástima de

to feel very sorry for

Tener lugar

to take place

Tener (mucho) miedo de

to be very much afraid of

Tener mucho gusto en

to be pleased to

Cumplir con su palabra

to keep your word

Una pérdida de tiempo

a waste of time

Tener presente

to keep in mind, to take into account
synonym: tener en cuenta

Tener mucha prisa

to be in a big hurry

Tener que + infinitive

to have to

Tener que ver con

to have to do with

Tener razón (no)

to be right (wrong)

Tener mucha sed

To be very thirsty

Tener mucho sueño

To be very sleepy

Tener mucha suerte

to be very lucky

tener mucha vergüenza de

to be very ashamed of

Andar mal

to be (sick, broke, etc.)

Aprender de memoria

to memorize
synonym: memorizar

Caerle bien (mal) a alguien

to make a good (bad) impression on someone
nota: construcción como gustar

Caerse muerto

to drop dead

Cambiar de idea

to change one's mind

Contar con

to rely on

Costarle trabajo

to be difficult for someone

Creer que sí (no)

to think so (not)

Cumplir años

to turn...years old

Deberse a

to be due to

Decir mucho disparates

to talk nonsense

Decir que sí (no)

to say yes (no)

Dejar caer

to drop

Dormir a pierna suelta

to sleep like a log

Ganarse la vida

to earn one's living

Llamar a la puerta

to knock on the door

Llevar a cabo

to carry out, to finish
synonyms: terminar, completar

Llevarse bien (mal) con

to get (not get) along with

Mantener el interés

to hold one's interest

Morirse de risa

to die laughing

No servir para nada

to be good for nothing

Pagar al contado

to pay cash

Pasar lista

to call the roll

Pasarlo bien (mal)

to have a good (bad) time

Pedir prestado

to borrow

Perder el tiempo

to waste one's time

Ponerse de acuerdo

to agree

Ponerse de pie

to stand (up)

Portarse bien/mal

to behave/misbehave

Prestar atención

to pay attention

Quedar(le) bien (mal)

to look good (bad) on somebody

Querer decir

to mean
synonym: significar

Saber a

to taste like

Sacar una nota

to get a grade

Sacar un foto

to take a picture

Sentarle bien

to agree with one

Ser aficionado a

to be a fan of

Ser hora de

To be time to
synonym: es hora de

Tocarle a uno

to be one's turn

Tomar el sol

to sunbathe

Tomarle el pelo alguien

to pull someone's leg
synonym: bromear con alguien

Valer la pena

to be worthwhile

Volverse loco

to go crazy



A veces

sometimes, at times

A bordo

on board

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