28 terms

Microsoft Azure Terminology

List of Microsoft Azure Terms that I came across over the past 14 months reading about Azure and discussion with Microsoft Technical Specialists. If you're serious about Azure, you have to have all these terms and basic descriptions committed to memory.
STUDY
PLAY
Operational Insights
Collect, combine, correlate and visualize all your machine data
Blobs
Block blobs let you upload large blobs efficiently

Page blobs are a collection of 512-byte pages optimized for random read and write operations
Data Factory
enables better information production by orchestrating and managing diverse data and data movement.
DocumentDB
A fully-managed, highly-scalable, NoSQL document database service.
Event Hubs
Event Hubs: is a scalable service for ingesting and storing data from websites, client apps, and IoT sensors.
File Service
The Microsoft Azure File service enables customers to leverage the availability and scalability of Azure's Cloud Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) SMB without having to rewrite SMB client applications.
Machine Learning
A fully-managed cloud service that enables data scientists and developers to efficiently embed predictive analytics into their applications, helping organizations use massive data sets and bring all the benefits of the cloud to machine learning.
Migration Accelerator
Move physical, VMware, AWS and Hyper-V virtual machines to Azure
Notification Hubs
Push notifications for consumer and enterprise apps—from any back-end to any device platform
Resource Group
A new concept in Azure that serves as the lifecycle boundary for every resource contained within it.
Role-based access control
Three new roles—Owner, Contributor, and Reader—to ensure that users and groups have permission to do only the tasks they need to do their jobs.
Traffic Manager
Allows you to load balance incoming traffic across multiple hosted Azure services whether they're running in the same datacenter or across different data centers around the world.
Websites Migration Assistant
Creates a readiness report to identify any potential causes for concern or blocking issues which may prevent a successful migration from on-premises IIS to Azure Websites. S
Affinity Groups
A way to group the services in your Azure subscription that need to work together in order to achieve optimal performance.
Table Service
a flexible key/value store that enables you to build cloud applications easily, without having to lock down the application data model to a particular set of schemas
Azure App Service
An enterprise-grade cloud app service that can help you more quickly and easily create more powerful enterprise web and mobile apps for multiple platforms and devices. App Service integrates the best of Azure Websites, Mobile Services, API Management, and Azure BizTalk Services, along with new capabilities in Logic and API apps
HDInsight
100% Apache Hadoop-based service in the cloud

Has powerful programming extensions for languages including, C#, Java, .NET, and more
Tags
In the full Azure portal, subscriptions are the only way to organize and group resources. In the Azure Preview portal, Resource groups allow you to manage related resources as a single unit, which became even more valuable with role-based access control. Now, you can now tag resources with name/value pairs to categorize and view resources across resource groups and, within the portal, across subscriptions.

To get started, open any resource in the Preview portal, click the Tags part to add or remove tags for that resource, and click the tag to view all resources and resource groups with the same tag. Pin the tag blade to the Startboard to access it quickly and easily, or use the Browse hub to navigate to any tags across all your subscriptions. You can also manage tags using Azure PowerShell or by using the Azure Resource Manager REST API Reference.
Import Service Limitations
4TB Max per disk
ExpressRoute
A service that enables you to create private connections between Azure data centers and infrastructure that's on your premises or in a colocation environment. ExpressRoute connections do not go over the public Internet, and offer more reliability, faster speeds, lower latencies and higher security than typical connections over the Internet.
Azure Backup
Helps protect files and folders in a reliable, secure, and cost-effective way. Virtually seamless integration with Microsoft System Center Data Protection Manager (DPM) means Azure Backup can help protect Microsoft SharePoint, Microsoft Exchange, SQL Server, Windows client, and Hyper-V virtual machine (VM) applications, among others. Now in public preview, online backups of Windows and Linux infrastructure-as-a-service (IaaS) VMs can be created by Azure Backup so that you can restore the backups as needed.
Site Recovery
Preview on 3/31/15. Help protect your VMware VMs and physical servers using Azure as your disaster recovery site. Site Recovery provides near-zero recovery point objective (RPO) with continuous data-protection technology. Customizable Site Recovery plans can help ensure that multi-tier applications are recovered to a consistent point in time, minimizing lost transactions and application errors. When your primary data center recovers, you can failback to your on-premises virtual infrastructure with nearly seamless results. You can also test new versions of your applications and then failback a new version into production in your data center—or you can continue to run your applications in Azure as part of your migration to the cloud.
Dynamic configuration of security-group membership
Now available in public preview (3/31/15). Administrators can set rules for groups created on Azure Active Directory based on user attributes such as department, country, and more, allowing members to be automatically added to or removed from a security group. These groups can be used to provide access to applications or cloud resources such as SharePoint sites and documents, as well as to assign licenses to users.
Azure App Service
Web + Mobile + Logic + API Apps

Azure App Service is an integrated service that enables you to create web and mobile apps for any platform or device
Azure Resource Manager (Nov 2015)
Azure Resource Manager enables you to work with the resources in your solution as a group. You can deploy, update or delete all of the resources for your solution in a single, coordinated operation. You use a template for deployment and that template can work for different environments such as testing, staging and production. Resource Manager provides security, auditing, and tagging features to help you manage your resources after deployment. http://bit.ly/1Q7NbQg
Containers
Hyper-V Containers, a new container deployment option with enhanced isolation powered by Hyper-V virtualization.

Nano Server, a minimal footprint installation of Windows Server that is highly optimized for the cloud, and ideal for containers.

http://bit.ly/1Q7Odfl
Azure Automation
Azure Automation is generally available in the new Azure portal as of December 2.

Azure Automation is used to create, monitor, deploy, and manage resources in your Azure environment, in other clouds, or within your datacenter.
What is a network security group (NSG)?
Network security group (NSG) contains a list of Access control List (ACL) rules that allow\deny network traffic to your VM instances in a Virtual Network. NSGs can be associated with either subnets or individual VM instances within that subnet. When a NSG is associated with a subnet, the ACL rules apply to all the VM instances in that subnet. In addition, traffic to an individual VM can be restricted further by associating a NSG directly to that VM. - http://bit.ly/1Mi4JkW
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