Words which are inaccurate if interpreted literally but are used to describe. It is used when words' actual meanings are stretched for effect, whether to sound artistic, make a joke, or communicate more clearly and engagingly. It is a common technique in narrative writing, where the author strives to make emotional connections with the audience.
Common forms: similes, metaphors
MotifA recurring image, word, phrase, action, idea, object, or situation used throughout a work (or in several works by one author) that unifies the work by tying the current situation to previous ones or new ideas to the theme.
Example: Kurt Vonnegut uses the phrase "so it goes" throughout Slaughterhouse-Five to remind the reader of the senselessness of death.VernacularThe language of a people or a national/regional language.
Example from The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn by Mark Twain: "We's safe, Huck, we's safe! Jump up and crack yo' heels. Dat's de good ole Cairo at las', I jis knows it."