AP GOV CHAPTER 9 POLITICAL PARTIES

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Terms in this set (...)

Political Party
A group that seeks to elect candidates to political office
National Congressional Campaign Committee
A party committee in congress that provides funds to members and would-be members
Critical or realignment period
Period in which a major lasting shift occurs in support for one political party due to a wedge issue.
Ideological Party
A party that values principled stands on issues above all else
Factional Party
Parties that are created by the split in a major political party, usually over the philosophy of the major party's presidential candidate
One Issue or Single Issue Party
Party that focuses on one issue. Usually can be identified by their name
Economic Protest Party
Parties usually based in a specific region. Especially farmers that protest depressed economic conditions. Usually disappear when conditions get better
National Committee (RNC or DNC)
Delegates who run party affairs between national conventions
National Convention
A meeting of party delegates held every four years. At this, they elect who will be running for president
Delegates (to the National Convention)
A person sent or authorized to represent others, in particular, an elected representative sent to a conference
Two Party System
An electoral system that has two dominant parties that compete in national elections
Multi Party System
a system where there are large amounts of major and minor political parties that all hold a serious chance of receiving office, and because they all compete, a majority may not come to be, forcing the creation of a coalition.
Plurality system of elections
An electoral system in which the winner is the person who gets the most votes, even if he or she does not receive a majority; used in almost all American elections
Split Ticket Voting
Voting for candidates of different parties for various offices in the same election
Straight Ticket Voting
Voting for candidates who are all of the same party
Office-Block Ballot
A ballot listing all candidates of a given office under the name of that office; also called a "Massachusetts" ballot
Party column ballot
A ballot listing all candidates of a given party together under the name of that party; also called an "Indiana" ballot
The Seven Dwarfs
Name for the 7 candidates for the Democratic Presidential Primary. All weak candidates
Party Base
A group of people that associate themselves with a certain party. They are usually living in a state that is red or blue, and they fit into the social classes that the certain party aims to attract. Ex. from the 1896 to the 1930's, Northern States were Republican and Southern States were Democratic.
Primary Election
Done by voters to decide who runs for office. We elect who will run.
The Democratic Leadership Council
A group of people who argued that the Democratic Party should move away from the leftward turn it took in the 60s, 70s and 80s.
Swing Voter or Independent
Voters who have no real party association, and their voting can change the outcome of an election
Party Platform
A list of actions that the party supports in order to get people to vote for them.
Superdelegates
Party leaders and elected officials who become delegates to the national convention without having to run in primaries or caucuses
Party Label
Used to identify with a certain political party or group. Shows what party stands for.
National Chairman
Day to day party manager elected by the national committee. ( Republican and Democratic leaders)
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