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Checks and Balances
Terms in this set (19)
3 branches of gov't
1. legislative = congress
2. executive = president
3. judicial = supreme court
a. override presidential veto w/ 2/3 vote in both house and senate
b. impeach president
c. refuse to approve presidential appointments to courts and other offices.
d. refuse to approve treaties that president makes with other nations.
e. impeach judges
f. can amend constitution
a. veto laws passed by congress
b. appoint judges to supreme count and other courts
Supreme court's power
a. declare laws passed by congress unconstitutional
b. can declare actions taken by executive branch to be unconstitutional
job of executive branch (president)
to enforce the laws and in force regulations
job of judicial branch
interpret the law
job of legislative branch
make the laws, approve federal budget
how can the president check Congress' power to make laws?
pres can veto laws
how can Supreme Court check Congress' power to make laws
Supreme court can declare laws unconstitutional
how can congress check the presidents power to veto law?
Congress can override a veto w/ 2/3 vote in both house and senate
how can congress check the president's power in foreign affairs?
Congress can refuse to approve treaties
How can congress check the power of supreme court?
Congress can impeach judges and remove them from office
If congress passes a law that president does not agree with, what can he do?
President can veto law
If the President appoints a new member to supreme court and congress does not like candidate, what can they do?
Congress can refuse to approve appointment
If the president make a controversial treaty with Iran that congress does not approve with, what can they do?
Congress can refuse to approve treaty
The president breaks several laws while trying to cover up a sex scandal
Congress can impeach president
a federal judge is found to be giving light sentences in exchange for bribe money
Congress can impeach judge
President vetoes a law on abortion that 3/4 of congress supports.
2/3 of both house and senate can override presidential veto.
can congress overturn a presidential executive order?
no, congress can not directly vote to overturn an executive order.
congress must pass a bill cancelling or changing the order in the manner they see fit, the president will most likely veto the bill, and then congress can overrule the veto by 2/3 vote.
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