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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. demography
  2. death rate
  3. growth rate
  4. population momentum or lag effect
  5. maximum lifetime
  1. a the study of populations, especially their patterns in space and time
  2. b the continued growth of a population that occurrs after achievement of replacement level fertility is reached
  3. c genetically determined maximum possible age to which an individual of a species can live
  4. d The rate at which deaths occur in a population, measured either as the number of individuals dying per unit time or as the percentage of a population dying per unit time
  5. e The net increase of some factor per unit time. In ecology, the growth rate of a population is sometimes measured as the increase in numbers of individuals or biomass per unit time and sometimes as a percentage increase in numbers or biomass per unit time

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. the amount of a resource available per person
  2. the maximum number of human beings which can live on Earth at the same time; is dependent on the quality of life people desire and are willing to accept
  3. the ratio of dependent-age people (those unable to work) to working-age people; it is customary to define workin-age people as those aged 15-65
  4. the study of human population characteristics, such as age structure, demographic transition, total fertility, human population and environmental relationships, death-rate factors, and standard of living
  5. a population in which the number of births equals the number of deaths so that there is no net change in the size of the population

5 True/False questions

  1. demographic transitionthe study of populations, especially their patterns in space and time


  2. logistic carrying capacitythe maximum abundance of a population or species that can exist in an ecosystem without degrading the ability of the ecosystem to maintain: (1) that population of species; (2) all necesary ecosystem processes; (3) the other species found in that ecosystem


  3. speciesa disease that is usually present in a population, typically occurring in a relatively small but constant percentage of the population


  4. population dynamicsThe general study of population changes


  5. replacement level fertilityaverage number of children expected to be born to a woman during her lifetime