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MAT Economic, Geographical, and Geological Terms
Terms in this set (26)
The purposeful tending of crops and livestock in order to produce food.
an underground reservoir of water contained within a porous, water-bearing rock layer
the art and science of making maps
a word of some importance to geographers that means to be in contact with, adjoining, or adjacent.
the slow movement of continents governed by the processess associated with plate tectonics.
lowland at the mouth of a river, formed when the river deposits its alluvial load upon reading the seal. often triangular in shape
arid area supporting very sparse vegetation, receiving less than 10 inches (25 cm) of precipitation per year. usually exhibits extreams of heat and cold because the moderating influence of moisture is absent
zero degrees latitude, equidistant from the North and South poles. Equatorial climates are among the warmest on earth.
a combination of gradational forces that shape the earth's surface landforms. Running water, wind action, and the force of moving ice combine to war away soil and rock. Human activities often speed erosional processes, such as through the destruction of natureal vegitation, careless farming practicies, and overgrazing by livestock
narrow, steep-sided, elongated, and inundated coastal valley deepened by glacier ice that has since melted away, leaving the see to penetrate.
gross national product (GNP)
The total value of all goods and services produced by a country during a given year.
Body of water surrounded by land on three sides
areas of the ocieans away from land, beyond national jurisdiction, open and free for all to use.
The foundations of a society; urban centers; communications; farms; factories; mines; and such facilities as schools, hospitals, postal services, and police and armed forces
The artificial watering of croplands
a comparatively narrow link between larger bodies of land (Panama)
lines of latitude are parallels that are aligned east-west across the glove, from 0 degrees latitude at the equator to 90 degrees north and south latitude at the poles.
angular distance (0 degrees to 180 degrees) east or west as measured fromt he Prime Meridian (0 degrees) that passes through the Greenwich Observatory in suburban London.
term used to designate large, coalescing supercities that are forming in diver parts of the world
line of longitude, aligned north-south across the globe. Together with parallels of latitude, they form the global grid system.
an east-west line of latitude that is intersected at right angels by meridians of longitude.
a commonly used term and a geographic concept of central importance. an area on the surface of the earth, marked by certain properties.
a comparatively narrow link between larger bodies of water
bonded portions of the earth's mantal and crust. Where they meet, one slides under the other, crupling the serface crust and producing sidnificant volcanic and earthquake activity. the shifting of these plates plays an important role in the formation of mountains and other gelogical events.
Tropic of Cancer
23.5 north of the equator
Tropic of Capricorn
23.5 degrees south of the equator
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