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AP Chapter 6
Terms in this set (27)
symptoms commonly associated with Manic Episode
High mood/ inflated self-esteem, less sleep, fast talk, racing thoughts. High risk taking behavior.
what disorder is characterized by altering states of Hypomania and depression?
How are persistent depressive disorder and major depressive disorder different?
Persistent depressive disorder, 2 years constant symptoms
Major depressive disorder, same symptoms; but not constant. its a significant drop in mood suddenly.
why do you think the most common psychiatric disorder worldwide is considered a life threatening disorder?
depression, because it is. those who are depressed give up. depression can be related to medical disorders.
why do you think that Bipolar Disorder is more common in lower SES, comorbid with anxiety disorder, and /or associated with substance abuse.
They have higher levels of anxiety and stress. They deal with more stressors, they tend to have less support and so they also tend to self medicate. = issues
what is a common suicidal risk factor for both adolescence and elderly?
A loss. rather it be social loss or the loss of an important person.
if you could ask a client only one question to assess for the risk of suicidal ideation, then what would be that question?
Do you have a plan for if you commit suicide. Do you feel hopelessness?
why might interpersonal and social rhythm therapy be more effective for individuals diagnosed with Bipolar Disorder compared to Major Depressive Disorder?
Because Bipolar disorder needs stability. regulation,sleep, schedule ect.
major depressive makes the person unable to function.
what are bipolar and depressive disorders?
syndromes in which a disturbance in MOOD is the predominant feature
full blown mania alternates with episodes of major depression
Hypomania mood elevation that is abnormal yet not sever enough to impair functioning or require hospitalization.
what is a Manic Episode?
a period of elevated or irritable mood lasting for at least one week or requires hospitalization; examples of symptoms: must have 3
inflated self esteem, decreased need for sleep, talkativeness, flight of ideas, distractibility, increased goal oriented behavior, risky behavior
Major Depressive Disorder
persistent sad or low mood that is sever enough to impair a persons interest or ability to engage in normally enjoyable activities.
People diagnosed with this disorder actually sleep and eat more than usual.
Persistent Depressive Disorder (Dysthymia)
a chronic state of depression, symptoms same as Major depressive disorder, but less sever. lasting 2 or more years. leads to sever outcomes: social isolation, high suicide
what is the most common disorder world wide?
which sex is more likely to suffer from depression
women are more likely and those with lower SES.
Bipolar Comorbid with what other disorders
anxiety, substance abuse, bulimia, thyroid, obesity and suicidal ideation.
child depression risk factor
age plays a role as development of depression
adult depression age risk
typical onset at age of 30
diagnosing bipolar in children
early as 6, disorganization in play and thoughts, medication given can create a manic state.
developmental factors- children
mania may be chronic, irritability and temper tantrums
common misdiagnosis for Bipolar
ODD, ADHD, Bipolar, and schizophrenia
increase risk of medical conditions, heart disease Up depression, can block ability to take care of self. other med complications: diabetes, migraines, cancer/tx, any surgery, thyroid
etiology of Bipolar and Depressive disorders- biological
Biological: genetics and family, environmental factors and life events
Etiology of Depressive disorders- Psychological (THEORYS)
Psychodynamic T: because of a loss
Attachment T: early loss, follows in life- poor attachment
Behavioral T: Learning, what has been learned
cognitive T: FILTER
treatment for Bipolar
CBT- change negative thought patterns
IPSRT- interpersonal and social rhythm theory: creates rhythms or patterns. keep to a schedule. made for bipolar
Lithium- moderates glutamate levels in brain
Treatment for major depression
CBT, IPT, Behavior activation and meds
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