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Romanticism, as a stylistic period in western art music, encompassed the years


Which of the following is not characteristic of romanticism?

An emphasis on balance and clarity of structures

Which of the following is not a characteristic aspect of romanticism in literature and painting?

Emotional restraint

Of all the inspirations for romantic art, none was more important than


Which of the following composers is not associated with the romantic period?

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart

Drawing creative inspiration from cultures of lands foreign to the composer is known as


Fascination with national identity also led composers to draw on colorful materials from foreign lands, a trend known as musical


Program music is

instrumental music associated with a story, poem, idea, or scene.

Which of the following statements is not true?

Fascination with the melodies, rhythms, and colorful materials from distant lands is a romantic trend known as musical nationalism.

The deliberate intent to draw creative inspiration from the composer's own homeland is known as


Composers expressed musical nationalism in their music by

All answers are correct.basing their music on the folk songs of their country. using their national legends as subject matter.using the rhythms of the dances of their homelands.

An orchestra toward the end of the romantic period might include close to ______ musicians.


The orchestra in the romantic period

was larger and more varied in tone color than the classical orchestra.

The 1844 Treatise on Modern Instrumentation and Orchestration that signaled the recognition of orchestration as an art in itself was written by

Hector Berlioz.

Which of the following statements is not true of the piano in the early romantic period?

The piano's range remained basically the same as in the classical period

A slight holding back or pressing forward of tempo in music is known as


A slight slowing down or speeding up of the tempo, characteristically employed in the performance of much romantic music, is


Altering the character of a melody by changes in dynamics, orchestration, or rhythm is a romantic technique known as

thematic transformation.

Which of the following statements is not true?

Romantic composers rejected the basic forms of the classical period and preferred to develop new forms of their own.

Because of the French Revolution and the __________________, many aristocrats could no longer afford to maintain private opera houses, orchestras, and "composers in residence".

Napoleonic Wars

Which of the following statements is not true?

Romantic musicians often composed to execute a commission or meet the demands of an aristocratic or church patron.

The composer whose career was a model for many romantic composers was

Ludwig van Beethoven.

All of the following romantic composers were also virtuoso instrumentalists giving solo recitals except

Hector Berlioz.

A romantic composer who earned his living as a touring virtuoso was

Franz Liszt.

A composer who earned his/her living as a violin virtuoso was

Niccolò Paganini.

The rise of the urban middle class led to the

All answers are correct. development of regular subscription concerts.formation of many orchestras and opera groups.piano becoming a fixture in every middle-class home.

When music conservatories were founded, women

were at first accepted only as students of performance, but by the late 1800s could study musical composition

A very important musical part of every middle-class home during the romantic period was the


One of the few composers fortunate enough to be supported by private patrons was

Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky.

Music criticism was a source of income for both Hector Berlioz and

Robert Schumann.

An art song is a musical composition for

solo voice and piano.

The word ___________ is commonly used for a romantic art song with a German text.


The German composers of art songs favored, among others, the lyric poetry of Johann Wolfgang von Goethe and

Heinrich Heine.

Which of the following statements is not true of the romantic art song?

The art song is restricted to strophic or through-composed forms.

The mood of an art song is often set by a brief piano introduction and summed up at the end by a piano section called a


When the same music is repeated for each stanza of a poem, the form is known as


When a composer writes new music for each stanza of a poem, the form is known as


Schubert's primary source of income came from his

musical compositions.

Schubert wrote a number of symphonies and chamber works that are comparable in power and emotional intensity to those of his idol,



was the first great master of the romantic art song.

Which of the following statements is not true?

Schubert labored at great length over each of his compositions, which accounts for his small output.

Schubert's songs number more than


Schubert wrote compositions in every musical genre except

piano concertos.

Schubert was eighteen years old when he composed the song Erlkönig, set to a poem by

Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

The form of The Erlking is


The Erlking, in Schubert's song of that name, is a romantic personification of


The piano's relentless rhythm in Erlkönig (The Erlking) unifies the episodes of the song and suggests the

galloping horse.

Schubert's song Die Forelle is an example of __________ form.

modified strophic

The instrumentation of Schubert's Trout Quintet is unusual because of the inclusion of a(n)

double bass

Robert Schumann founded and edited the New Journal of Music in order to

promote musical originality and combat the commercial trash that flooded the market.

As a writer and critic, Robert Schumann

All answers are correct.wrote appreciative reviews of young "radical" composers like Chopin and Berlioz.tried to combat the commercial trash that flooded the market.founded and edited the New Journal of Music.

Which of the following is not typical of Robert Schumann's works?

They are all written for the piano.

Clara Wieck was

All answers are correct.Schumann's wifea virtuoso pianist.the daughter of Schumann's piano teacher.

During the first ten years of his creative life, Schumann published only

piano pieces.

Which of the following statements regarding Robert Schumann is not true?

Schumann's short piano pieces often express a wide variety of moods.

Robert Schumann's Carnaval is a(n)

cycle of piano pieces.

Clara Schumann frequently performed the works of her husband and of her close friend

Johannes Brahms.

Johannes Brahms

was a close friend of Clara and Robert Schumann.

Clara Schumann

stopped composing at the age of thirty-six when her husband died.

As a composer, Clara Schumann

wrote songs, piano pieces, a piano concerto, and a trio for piano, violin, and cello.

A leading pianist of the nineteenth century, Clara Schumann

did some composing, but considered herself primarily a performer.

Romanze (romance) in the nineteenth century was often used for a(n)

short, lyrical piece for piano or solo instrument with piano accompaniment.

Clara Wieck Schumann's "Romance in E minor" op.11, uses the form of


In the 1830s, Paris was

All answers are correct.the home of Victor Hugo, Honoré de Balzac, and Heinrich Heine.the artistic capital of Europe.a center of romanticism.

Chopin expressed his love of Poland by composing polonaises and


While in Paris, Chopin

earned a good living by teaching piano to the daughters of the rich.

Most of Chopin's pieces

are exquisite miniatures

Chopin's output is

relatively small.

A slow, lyrical, intimate composition for piano, associated with evening and night time, is the


Chopin's Revolutionary Étude develops the pianist's left hand because

the left hand must play rapid passages throughout.

A study piece, designed to help a performer master specific technical difficulties, is known as

an etude.

Which of the following statements is not true?

Chopin's piano études, compositions designed to help a performer master specific technical difficulties, are primarily technical exercises without much musical value.

The ___________ is a dance in triple meter that originated as a stately processional for the Polish nobility.


Which of the following statements is not true?

During the last years of his life, Liszt settled in Rome and devoted himself solely to his religious duties.

As a youth, Franz Liszt was influenced by the performances of

Niccolò Paganini

During his teens and twenties, Franz Liszt lived in


Until the age of thirty-six, Franz Liszt toured Europe as a virtuoso


Liszt abandoned his career as a traveling virtuoso to become court conductor at __________, where he championed works by contemporary composers.


Liszt established himself as a conductor and champion of contemporary music in the city of


Liszt's piano works are characterized by

All answers are correct.arpeggios.rapid octaves and daring unprecedented range of dynamics.

The cimbalom is

a Hungarian instrument in which strings are struck by hand-held hammers.

The writer whose literary works greatly inspired Franz Liszt was

Johann Wolfgang von Goethe

Liszt typified the romantic movement because he

All answers are correct.was an innovative composer.was a stupendous performer.had a charismatic personality.

Liszt created the ______________, a one-movement orchestral composition based to some extent on a literary or pictorial idea.

symphonic poem

In many of his works, Liszt unified contrasting moods by a process known as

thematic transformation

In Leipzig, Mendelssohn

All answers are correct.directed the premiere of Schubert's Great C Major Symphony.conducted the Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra and transformed it into one of the finest orchestras in Europe.founded the Leipzig Conservatory of Music.

By the age of thirteen, Mendelssohn had written ____________ of astounding quality.

All answers are correct.symphonies and concertossonatas

Besides his musical achievements, Mendelssohn was a

All answers are correct.

Mendelssohn is known as the man who rekindled an interest in the music of

Johann Sebastian Bach.

Mendelssohn earned an international reputation, and rekindled an interest in the earlier composer's music, by conducting the first performance since the composer's death of

Bach's St. Matthew Passion.

The high point of Mendelssohn's career was the triumphant premiere of his oratorio _____________ in England.


Mendelssohn wrote in all musical forms except


The three movements of Mendelssohn's Concerto for Violin

are played without pause

Mendelssohn's Concerto for Violin in E Minor opens with a(n)

soloist, who presents the main theme.

The opening of Mendelssohn's Violin Concerto in E minor is unusual in that

the main theme is presented by the soloist

Mendelssohn's Hebrides Overture

portrays the sea.

In the first movement of Mendelssohn's Concerto for Violin, the cadenza

appears at the end of the development section as a transition to the recapitulation.

The first movement of Mendelssohn's Concerto for Violin is linked to the introduction of the second movement by a(n)

single bassoon tone

The second movement of Mendelssohn's Concerto for Violin is in _____ form.


Instrumental music associated with a story, poem, idea, or scene, popular during the romantic period, is called

program music.

Beethoven's Pastoral Symphony contains realistic imitations of

bird calls.

The work referred to by Beethoven as an "expression of feeling rather than painting" was his

Symphony No. 6.

Which of the following statements is not true?

The symphonic poem, or tone poem, is a one-movement composition in sonata-allegro form.

Non-program music is also known as _____________ music.


Absolute music is also known as

non-program music.

Program music found its most varied expression in the coloristic resources of the

romantic orchestra.

A ____________ is an instrumental composition in several movements based to some extent on a literary or pictorial idea.

program symphony

A ________________ is a one-movement orchestral composition based to some extent on a literary or pictorial idea.

symphonic poem

The composer who developed the symphonic poem was

Franz Liszt.

Music intended to be performed before and during a play to set the mood for scenes or highlight dramatic action is known as

incidental music

Today's movie scores may be regarded as examples of

incidental music.

In 1830 the Paris Conservatory awarded Berlioz

the Prix de Rome.

The writer whose works had the greatest impact on the young Berlioz was

William Shakespeare.

The Fantastic Symphony reflects Berlioz's

love for the actress Harriet Smithson.

Parisians were startled by Berlioz's Fantastic Symphony because of its

All answers are correct.

Which of the following statements is not true?

Berlioz's reputation outside France was even lower than it was in his homeland.

In order to support his family, Berlioz turned to

musical journalism.

Outside France, Berlioz enjoyed a great career as a(n)


As one of the first great ____________, Berlioz influenced a whole generation of musicians.

orchestral conductors

Berlioz was extraordinarily imaginative in treating the orchestra, creating ____________ never before heard.

tone colors

Which of the following is not an opera by Berlioz?


Which of the following was not composed by Berlioz?

The Sorcerer's Apprentice

The contrasting episodes of Berlioz's Fantastic Symphony are unified by the recurrence of a theme known as the

idée fixe.

The second movement of Berlioz's Fantastic Symphony is a ______________, the most popular dance of the romantic era.


Which of the following statements is not true of Berlioz's Fantastic Symphony?

The fourth movement depicts a dream of a witches' sabbath.

The fourth movement of Berlioz's Fantastic Symphony depicts a

march to the scaffold.

The liturgical melody quoted in the last movement of Berlioz's Fantastic Symphony is the

Dies irae.

The citizen's sense of national identify and patriotic feelings were intensified by

All answers are correct.

Which of the following statements is not true?

The strongest impact of musical nationalism was felt in Italy, France, Germany, and Austria.

Libretti that fanned the public's hatred for its Austrian overlords were deliberately chosen by the composer

Giuseppe Verdi.

The strongest impact of musical nationalism was felt in

All answers are correct.

Which of the following countries did not produce important composers whose music had a national flavor?


The folk music of Russia sounds different from that of western Europe because it is often based on

ancient church modes.

The "father of Russian music" is

Mikhail Glinka.

The opera that laid the groundwork for a Russian national style, A Life for the Tsar, was composed by

Mikhail Glinka.

Which of the following is not a composition by Modest Mussorgsky?

A Life for the Tsar

Mussorgsky's piano composition Pictures at an Exhibition is best known today in its brilliant orchestral arrangement by

Maurice Ravel.

Which of the following statements is not true?

Tchaikovsky was a happily-married family man with a cheerful self-confident outlook.

Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky

began to study music theory at the age of twenty-one.

Nadezhda von Meck was

a wealthy benefactress who provided Tchaikovsky with an annuity.

In 1891 Tchaikovsky was invited to the United States to conduct four concerts inaugurating

Carnegie Hall, New York

Tchaikovsky's Sixth Symphony

ends with a slow, despairing finale.

Which of the following was not composed by Tchaikovsky?

Pictures at an Exhibition

Which of the following is not a ballet by Tchaikovsky?


Which of the following was not composed by Tchaikovsky?

Russian Easter Overture

At its premiere in 1870, Tchaikovsky's Romeo and Juliet Overture was

a dismal failure.

Tchaikovsky's Romeo and Juliet is

a concert overture consisting of a slow introduction and a fast movement in sonata form.

Bedřich Smetana

was the founder of Czech national music.

The founder of Czech national music was

Bedřich Smetana.

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