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Romanticism, as a stylistic period in western art music, encompassed the years
1820-1900
Which of the following is not characteristic of romanticism?
An emphasis on balance and clarity of structures
Which of the following is not a characteristic aspect of romanticism in literature and painting?
Emotional restraint
Of all the inspirations for romantic art, none was more important than
nature.
Which of the following composers is not associated with the romantic period?
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Drawing creative inspiration from cultures of lands foreign to the composer is known as
exoticism.
Fascination with national identity also led composers to draw on colorful materials from foreign lands, a trend known as musical
exoticism.
Program music is
instrumental music associated with a story, poem, idea, or scene.
Which of the following statements is not true?
Fascination with the melodies, rhythms, and colorful materials from distant lands is a romantic trend known as musical nationalism.
The deliberate intent to draw creative inspiration from the composer's own homeland is known as
nationalism.
Composers expressed musical nationalism in their music by
All answers are correct.basing their music on the folk songs of their country. using their national legends as subject matter.using the rhythms of the dances of their homelands.
An orchestra toward the end of the romantic period might include close to ______ musicians.
100
The orchestra in the romantic period
was larger and more varied in tone color than the classical orchestra.
The 1844 Treatise on Modern Instrumentation and Orchestration that signaled the recognition of orchestration as an art in itself was written by
Hector Berlioz.
Which of the following statements is not true of the piano in the early romantic period?
The piano's range remained basically the same as in the classical period
A slight holding back or pressing forward of tempo in music is known as
rubato.
A slight slowing down or speeding up of the tempo, characteristically employed in the performance of much romantic music, is
rubato
Altering the character of a melody by changes in dynamics, orchestration, or rhythm is a romantic technique known as
thematic transformation.
Which of the following statements is not true?
Romantic composers rejected the basic forms of the classical period and preferred to develop new forms of their own.
Because of the French Revolution and the __________________, many aristocrats could no longer afford to maintain private opera houses, orchestras, and "composers in residence".
Napoleonic Wars
Which of the following statements is not true?
Romantic musicians often composed to execute a commission or meet the demands of an aristocratic or church patron.
The composer whose career was a model for many romantic composers was
Ludwig van Beethoven.
All of the following romantic composers were also virtuoso instrumentalists giving solo recitals except
Hector Berlioz.
A romantic composer who earned his living as a touring virtuoso was
Franz Liszt.
A composer who earned his/her living as a violin virtuoso was
Niccolò Paganini.
The rise of the urban middle class led to the
All answers are correct. development of regular subscription concerts.formation of many orchestras and opera groups.piano becoming a fixture in every middle-class home.
When music conservatories were founded, women
were at first accepted only as students of performance, but by the late 1800s could study musical composition
A very important musical part of every middle-class home during the romantic period was the
piano.
One of the few composers fortunate enough to be supported by private patrons was
Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky.
Music criticism was a source of income for both Hector Berlioz and
Robert Schumann.
An art song is a musical composition for
solo voice and piano.
The word ___________ is commonly used for a romantic art song with a German text.
lied
The German composers of art songs favored, among others, the lyric poetry of Johann Wolfgang von Goethe and
Heinrich Heine.
Which of the following statements is not true of the romantic art song?
The art song is restricted to strophic or through-composed forms.
The mood of an art song is often set by a brief piano introduction and summed up at the end by a piano section called a
postlude.
When the same music is repeated for each stanza of a poem, the form is known as
strophic.
When a composer writes new music for each stanza of a poem, the form is known as
through-composed.
Schubert's primary source of income came from his
musical compositions.
Schubert wrote a number of symphonies and chamber works that are comparable in power and emotional intensity to those of his idol,
Beethoven.
Schubert
was the first great master of the romantic art song.
Which of the following statements is not true?
Schubert labored at great length over each of his compositions, which accounts for his small output.
Schubert's songs number more than
600
Schubert wrote compositions in every musical genre except
piano concertos.
Schubert was eighteen years old when he composed the song Erlkönig, set to a poem by
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
The form of The Erlking is
through-composed.
The Erlking, in Schubert's song of that name, is a romantic personification of
death.
The piano's relentless rhythm in Erlkönig (The Erlking) unifies the episodes of the song and suggests the
galloping horse.
Schubert's song Die Forelle is an example of __________ form.
modified strophic
The instrumentation of Schubert's Trout Quintet is unusual because of the inclusion of a(n)
double bass
Robert Schumann founded and edited the New Journal of Music in order to
promote musical originality and combat the commercial trash that flooded the market.
As a writer and critic, Robert Schumann
All answers are correct.wrote appreciative reviews of young "radical" composers like Chopin and Berlioz.tried to combat the commercial trash that flooded the market.founded and edited the New Journal of Music.
Which of the following is not typical of Robert Schumann's works?
They are all written for the piano.
Clara Wieck was
All answers are correct.Schumann's wifea virtuoso pianist.the daughter of Schumann's piano teacher.
During the first ten years of his creative life, Schumann published only
piano pieces.
Which of the following statements regarding Robert Schumann is not true?
Schumann's short piano pieces often express a wide variety of moods.
Robert Schumann's Carnaval is a(n)
cycle of piano pieces.
Clara Schumann frequently performed the works of her husband and of her close friend
Johannes Brahms.
Johannes Brahms
was a close friend of Clara and Robert Schumann.
Clara Schumann
stopped composing at the age of thirty-six when her husband died.
As a composer, Clara Schumann
wrote songs, piano pieces, a piano concerto, and a trio for piano, violin, and cello.
A leading pianist of the nineteenth century, Clara Schumann
did some composing, but considered herself primarily a performer.
Romanze (romance) in the nineteenth century was often used for a(n)
short, lyrical piece for piano or solo instrument with piano accompaniment.
Clara Wieck Schumann's "Romance in E minor" op.11, uses the form of
ABA'Coda.
In the 1830s, Paris was
All answers are correct.the home of Victor Hugo, Honoré de Balzac, and Heinrich Heine.the artistic capital of Europe.a center of romanticism.
Chopin expressed his love of Poland by composing polonaises and
mazurkas.
While in Paris, Chopin
earned a good living by teaching piano to the daughters of the rich.
Most of Chopin's pieces
are exquisite miniatures
Chopin's output is
relatively small.
A slow, lyrical, intimate composition for piano, associated with evening and night time, is the
nocturne.
Chopin's Revolutionary Étude develops the pianist's left hand because
the left hand must play rapid passages throughout.
A study piece, designed to help a performer master specific technical difficulties, is known as
an etude.
Which of the following statements is not true?
Chopin's piano études, compositions designed to help a performer master specific technical difficulties, are primarily technical exercises without much musical value.
The ___________ is a dance in triple meter that originated as a stately processional for the Polish nobility.
polonaise
Which of the following statements is not true?
During the last years of his life, Liszt settled in Rome and devoted himself solely to his religious duties.
As a youth, Franz Liszt was influenced by the performances of
Niccolò Paganini
During his teens and twenties, Franz Liszt lived in
Paris.
Until the age of thirty-six, Franz Liszt toured Europe as a virtuoso
pianist.
Liszt abandoned his career as a traveling virtuoso to become court conductor at __________, where he championed works by contemporary composers.
Weimar
Liszt established himself as a conductor and champion of contemporary music in the city of
Weimar
Liszt's piano works are characterized by
All answers are correct.arpeggios.rapid octaves and daring leaps.an unprecedented range of dynamics.
The cimbalom is
a Hungarian instrument in which strings are struck by hand-held hammers.
The writer whose literary works greatly inspired Franz Liszt was
Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
Liszt typified the romantic movement because he
All answers are correct.was an innovative composer.was a stupendous performer.had a charismatic personality.
Liszt created the ______________, a one-movement orchestral composition based to some extent on a literary or pictorial idea.
symphonic poem
In many of his works, Liszt unified contrasting moods by a process known as
thematic transformation
In Leipzig, Mendelssohn
All answers are correct.directed the premiere of Schubert's Great C Major Symphony.conducted the Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra and transformed it into one of the finest orchestras in Europe.founded the Leipzig Conservatory of Music.
By the age of thirteen, Mendelssohn had written ____________ of astounding quality.
All answers are correct.symphonies and concertossonatas
Besides his musical achievements, Mendelssohn was a
All answers are correct.
Mendelssohn is known as the man who rekindled an interest in the music of
Johann Sebastian Bach.
Mendelssohn earned an international reputation, and rekindled an interest in the earlier composer's music, by conducting the first performance since the composer's death of
Bach's St. Matthew Passion.
The high point of Mendelssohn's career was the triumphant premiere of his oratorio _____________ in England.
Elijah
Mendelssohn wrote in all musical forms except
operas.
The three movements of Mendelssohn's Concerto for Violin
are played without pause
Mendelssohn's Concerto for Violin in E Minor opens with a(n)
soloist, who presents the main theme.
The opening of Mendelssohn's Violin Concerto in E minor is unusual in that
the main theme is presented by the soloist
Mendelssohn's Hebrides Overture
portrays the sea.
In the first movement of Mendelssohn's Concerto for Violin, the cadenza
appears at the end of the development section as a transition to the recapitulation.
The first movement of Mendelssohn's Concerto for Violin is linked to the introduction of the second movement by a(n)
single bassoon tone
The second movement of Mendelssohn's Concerto for Violin is in _____ form.
sonata
Instrumental music associated with a story, poem, idea, or scene, popular during the romantic period, is called
program music.
Beethoven's Pastoral Symphony contains realistic imitations of
bird calls.
The work referred to by Beethoven as an "expression of feeling rather than painting" was his
Symphony No. 6.
Which of the following statements is not true?
The symphonic poem, or tone poem, is a one-movement composition in sonata-allegro form.
Non-program music is also known as _____________ music.
absolute
Absolute music is also known as
non-program music.
Program music found its most varied expression in the coloristic resources of the
romantic orchestra.
A ____________ is an instrumental composition in several movements based to some extent on a literary or pictorial idea.
program symphony
A ________________ is a one-movement orchestral composition based to some extent on a literary or pictorial idea.
symphonic poem
The composer who developed the symphonic poem was
Franz Liszt.
Music intended to be performed before and during a play to set the mood for scenes or highlight dramatic action is known as
incidental music
Today's movie scores may be regarded as examples of
incidental music.
In 1830 the Paris Conservatory awarded Berlioz
the Prix de Rome.
The writer whose works had the greatest impact on the young Berlioz was
William Shakespeare.
The Fantastic Symphony reflects Berlioz's
love for the actress Harriet Smithson.
Parisians were startled by Berlioz's Fantastic Symphony because of its
All answers are correct.
Which of the following statements is not true?
Berlioz's reputation outside France was even lower than it was in his homeland.
In order to support his family, Berlioz turned to
musical journalism.
Outside France, Berlioz enjoyed a great career as a(n)
conductor.
As one of the first great ____________, Berlioz influenced a whole generation of musicians.
orchestral conductors
Berlioz was extraordinarily imaginative in treating the orchestra, creating ____________ never before heard.
tone colors
Which of the following is not an opera by Berlioz?
Otello
Which of the following was not composed by Berlioz?
The Sorcerer's Apprentice
The contrasting episodes of Berlioz's Fantastic Symphony are unified by the recurrence of a theme known as the
idée fixe.
The second movement of Berlioz's Fantastic Symphony is a ______________, the most popular dance of the romantic era.
waltz
Which of the following statements is not true of Berlioz's Fantastic Symphony?
The fourth movement depicts a dream of a witches' sabbath.
The fourth movement of Berlioz's Fantastic Symphony depicts a
march to the scaffold.
The liturgical melody quoted in the last movement of Berlioz's Fantastic Symphony is the
Dies irae.
The citizen's sense of national identify and patriotic feelings were intensified by
All answers are correct.
Which of the following statements is not true?
The strongest impact of musical nationalism was felt in Italy, France, Germany, and Austria.
Libretti that fanned the public's hatred for its Austrian overlords were deliberately chosen by the composer
Giuseppe Verdi.
The strongest impact of musical nationalism was felt in
All answers are correct.
Which of the following countries did not produce important composers whose music had a national flavor?
Portugal
The folk music of Russia sounds different from that of western Europe because it is often based on
ancient church modes.
The "father of Russian music" is
Mikhail Glinka.
The opera that laid the groundwork for a Russian national style, A Life for the Tsar, was composed by
Mikhail Glinka.
Which of the following is not a composition by Modest Mussorgsky?
A Life for the Tsar
Mussorgsky's piano composition Pictures at an Exhibition is best known today in its brilliant orchestral arrangement by
Maurice Ravel.
Which of the following statements is not true?
Tchaikovsky was a happily-married family man with a cheerful self-confident outlook.
Peter Ilyich Tchaikovsky
began to study music theory at the age of twenty-one.
Nadezhda von Meck was
a wealthy benefactress who provided Tchaikovsky with an annuity.
In 1891 Tchaikovsky was invited to the United States to conduct four concerts inaugurating
Carnegie Hall, New York
Tchaikovsky's Sixth Symphony
ends with a slow, despairing finale.
Which of the following was not composed by Tchaikovsky?
Pictures at an Exhibition
Which of the following is not a ballet by Tchaikovsky?
Coppelia
Which of the following was not composed by Tchaikovsky?
Russian Easter Overture
At its premiere in 1870, Tchaikovsky's Romeo and Juliet Overture was
a dismal failure.
Tchaikovsky's Romeo and Juliet is
a concert overture consisting of a slow introduction and a fast movement in sonata form.
Bedřich Smetana
was the founder of Czech national music.
The founder of Czech national music was
Bedřich Smetana.
Smetana grew up when Bohemia was under ____________ domination.
Austrian
As a result of foreign domination, the official language in Prague schools in Smetana's youth was
German.
Smetana's most popular opera is
The Bartered Bride.
Even though Smetana was deaf at the time, he composed a musical work depicting Bohemia's main river as it flows through the countryside. The name of the river, and the musical composition, is the
Moldau.
Which of the following statements is not true?
Smetana passed the last few years of his life teaching and conducting in Prague.
The German master _____________ recommended Dvořák's music to his own publisher, resulting in a rapid spread of Dvořák's fame.
Johannes Brahms
Antonin Dvořák's music was first promoted by
Johannes Brahms.
Dvořák "found a secure basis for a new national [American] musical school" in
African American spirituals.
Antonin Dvořák __________ quoted actual folk tunes.
rarely
In 1892, Dvořák went to ___________, where he spent almost three years as director of the National Conservatory of Music.
New York
Which of the following statements is not true?
Dvořák frequently quoted actual folk tunes in his music.
Antonin Dvořák's Symphony No. 9
All answers are correct
In the first movement of the New World Symphony, Dvořák
composed a theme that resembles Swing Low, Sweet Chariot.
The popular character of the New World Symphony can be traced to the composer's use of ___________ often found in folk music.
all of these
In the second movement of Dvořák's New World Symphony, the nostalgic quality of the melody of the famous largo movement is heightened by the timbre of the
english horn.
The course of Brahms's artistic and personal life was shaped by the influence of the composer
Robert Schumann and his wife Clara.
In Vienna, Johannes Brahms
All answers are correct.
Which of the following statements is not true?
One of Brahms's musical trademarks is his exotic orchestration
In comparison to some earlier composers, Brahms's musical output may be considered small. This is explained in part by the fact that Brahms
was extremely critical of his own work, and endlessly revised his compositions.
Music critics of the day pitted Brahms's fondness for traditional forms against
Wagner's innovative music dramas.
Brahms wrote masterpieces in many musical forms, but never any
operas.
Brahms's works, though very personal in style, are rooted in the music of
All answers are correct.
Brahms's musical trademarks included
the use of two notes against three
The original source for the theme of the fourth movement of Brahms's Fourth Symphony was a
cantata by J. S. Bach.
The fourth movement of Brahms's Fourth Symphony is a _____________, a baroque variation form.
passacaglia
Verdi studied music in _________, the city where Italy's most important opera house, La Scala, is located.
Milan
Verdi's first great success, an opera with strong political overtones, was
Nabucco.
Critics were often scandalized by the subject matter of Verdi's operas because they
seemed to condone rape, suicide, and free love.
Verdi's great comic masterpiece, written when he was seventy-nine, is
Falstaff.
The librettist of Giuseppe Verdi's operas Otello and Falstaff was
Arrigo Boito.
Verdi's opera commissioned to commemorate the completion of the Suez canal is
Aïda.
Which of the following operas is not by Verdi?
Cavalleria rusticana
Giuseppe Verdi mainly composed his operas
to entertain a mass public.
Which of the following statements is not true?
Verdi composed primarily for the Italian musical elite, those who would best appreciate his talents.
The soul of a Verdi opera is
expressive vocal melody.
Verdi's later operas differ from his earlier ones in that they have
All answers are correct
Rigoletto, the title role in Giuseppe Verdi's opera, is all of the following except
the romantic lover.
The famous aria La donna è mobile is taken from Verdi's opera
Rigoletto.
Giacomo Puccini's first successful opera was
Manon Lescaut
Which of the following operas was not composed by Giacomo Puccini?
I Pagliacci
Giacomo Puccini, in his operas,
All answers are correct
An artistic trend of the 1890s, in which operas dealt with ordinary people and true-to-life situations, was known as
verismo.
The movement in opera known as verismo is best exemplified by
Giacomo Puccini
Which of the following operas is not considered an example of verismo?
Turandot
Some of Puccini's operas feature exoticism, as in his use of melodic and rhythmic elements derived from Japanese and Chinese music in his operas
Madame Butterfly and Turandot.
Which of the following statements is not true?
Puccini composed long highly ornamented melodies that are difficult to remember and perform well.
In Puccini's La Bohème, Rodolfo is a young
poet.
Giacomo Puccini's opera La Bohème takes place in
Milan.
Mimi and Rodolfo meet for the first time in La Bohème because she has come to his door to ask for a
light for her candle.
Who sings the aria Che gelida manina (What a cold little hand) in La Bohème?
Rodolfo
At the end of Act I of Puccini's opera La Bohème, Rodolfo and Mimi
go to the Cafe Momus together, in love.
Wagner's preeminence was such that an opera house of his own design was built in _________________, solely for performances of his music dramas.
Bayreuth, Bavaria
Wagner had an opera house built to his own specifications in
Bayreuth.
Wagner envisioned the music drama as a Gesamtkunstwerk, or "universal art work," in which
All answers are correct.
Which of the following statements is not true?
As a young man, Wagner spent many years studying music theory and developing a virtuosic piano technique.
The composer who had an overwhelming influence on the young Wagner was
Ludwig van Beethoven.
When he was fifteen, Wagner was overwhelmed by the power of the music of
Ludwig van Beethoven
Wagner was appointed conductor of the Dresden opera mainly because of the success of his first opera
Rienzi.
Richard Wagner's first successful opera was
Rienzi.
Which of the following operas was not composed by Richard Wagner?
Fidelio
The librettos to The Ring of the Nibelung were written by
Wagner himself.
Richard Wagner's last opera was
Parsifal.
Wagner called his works music dramas rather than operas because
All answers are correct.
A short musical idea associated with a person, object, or thought, used by Richard Wagner in his operas, is called
leitmotif.
Richard Wagner spins an orchestral web out of recurrent musical themes called
leitmotifs.
Valhalla, in Wagner's Ring cycle, is
the castle of the gods.
Which of the following statements concerning Wagner's Ring cycle is not true?
Sieglinde is a Valkyrie, one of the daughters of Wotan.
Siegmund, in Wagner's opera Die Walküre, is
All answers are correct.
At the end of the first act of Wagner's opera Die Walküre
All answers are correct.
Instrumental music endowed with literary or pictorial associations, popular during the romantic period, is called
program music
The deliberate intent to draw creative inspiration from the composer's own homeland is known as
nationalism
The typical orchestra of the late romantic period numbered about ______ musicians.
100
Drawing creative inspiration from cultures of lands foreign to the composer is known as
exoticism
Music intended to be performed before or during a play, to set the mood for scenes or highlight dramatic action, is known as
incidental music
Instrumental music which is written for its own sake, and for which the composer does not provide a program, is called
absolute music
Approximately, the romantic period encompassed the years
1820-1900
Which of the following is not a characteristic of romanticism?
emotional restraint
The movement in opera known as verismo is best exemplified by
Giacomo Puccini