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20 terms

American Government Ch. 4

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federalism
A system of government in which a written constitution divides power between a central, or national, government and several regional governments
division of powers
the set up of the government that assigns certain powers to the National Government, and certain powers to the State Governments
delegated powers
Those powers, expressed, implied, or inherent, granted to the National Government by the Constitution
expressed powers
Those delegated powers of the National Government that are spelled out, expressly in the constitution; also called the enumerated powers
implied powers
Those delegated powers of the National Government that are suggested by the expressed powers set out in the constitution; those "necessary and proper" to carry out the expressed powers
inherent powers
Powers the Constitution is presumed to have delegated to the National Government because it is the government of a sovereign state within the world community
reserved powers
Those powers that the Constitution does not grant to the National Government and does not, at the same time, deny to any of the states
exclusive powers
Those powers that can be exercised by the National Government alone
concurrent powers
Those powers that both the National Government and the States possess and exercise
enabling act
A congressional Act directing the people of a United States territory to frame a proposed state constitution as a step towards admission to the union
act of admission
A congressional act of admitting a new state to the union
grants-in-aid program
Grants of federal money or other resources to States, Cities, counties, or other local units
revenue sharing
Form of federal monetary aid under which Congress gave a share of Federal tax revenue, with virtually no restrictions, to the states, cities, counties, and townships
categorical grant
One type of federal grant-in-aid; made for some specific, closely defined, purpose
block grant
one type of federal grants-in-aid for some particular but broadly defined area of public policy
project grant
one type of federal grants-in-aid; made for specific projects to States, localities, and private agencies who apply for them
interstate compact
formal agreement entered into with the consent of Congress, between or among states, or between a state and a foreign state
Full Faith and Credit Clause
Constitution's requirement that each state accept the public acts, records, and judicial proceedings of every other state
extradition
the legal process by which a fugitive from justice in one state is returned to that state
Privileges and Immunities Clause
Constitution's stipulation that all citizens are entitled to certain "privileges and immunities," regardless of their State of residence; no state can draw unreasonable distinctions between its own residents and those persons who happen to live in other states