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Accurate Empathic Understanding

the therapist's ability ot sense the client's inner world (the clients subjective experience)


a state in which one's own experiences are accurately represented by one's self-concept; there is a matching of inner experience with external expressions; also refers to the genuineness of the therapist


the role the therapist takes in person-centered therapy


a state of authenticity resulting from self0analysis and a willingness to accept the truth of who one is

Humanistic Psychology

a movement emphasizing freedom, choice, values, growth, self0actualization, spontaneity, creativity, play, humor, and psychological health

Nondirective Counseling

the type of counseling that assumes the client is the one who knows what is best and should not be in a passive role. This results in the therapist permitting the client to lead the counseling instead of the therapist doing the leading.


the discrepancy between self-concept and ideal self-concept. Incongruence usually results in anxiety, which can serve as a clue to the existence of a problem

Internal Source of Evaluation

the process of looking to oneself for answers to problems

Personal Power

the sense of strength that comes from knowing oneself and one's ability ot mobilize energy. The therapist's ability to access his or her own personal power facilitates the client's development of personal power, rather than controlling other people


an inner growth force leading ot the development of one's potential and the basis of people being rusted ot resolve their own problems in a therapeutic relationship

Therapeutic Conditions

the necessary conditions of the therapeutic relationship that allow the client to change. These conditions include therapist congruence, unconditional positive regard, and accurate empathic understanding

Unconditional Positive Regard

the acceptance of the client's right ot all of his or her feelings without conditions imposed by the therapist

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