17 terms

Glencoe Chapter 4: Adolescence

STUDY
PLAY
initiation rites
ceremonies or rituals where an individual is admitted to a new status or accepted into a new position
puberty
sexual maturation; the end of childhood and the point when reproduction is first possible
menarche
the first menstrual period
spermarche
the first male ejaculation
asynchrony
condition during adolescence when growth or maturation of body parts is uneven
rationalization
an individual explains an often unpleasant emotion or behavior in a way that will preserve his or her self-esteem
identity crisis
a period of inner conflict during adolescence characterized by the adolescent expressing intense worry about who they are
social learning theory
Bandura's view of human development emphasizing interaction with others
clique
a small, exclusive group of people within a larger group
conformity
acting in accordance with some specified authority
anorexia nervosa
a serious eating disorder characterized by a fear of gaining weight that results in prolonged self-starvation and dramatic weight loss
bulimia nervosa
a serious eating disorder characterized by compulsive overeating usually followed by self-induced vomiting or abuse of laxatives
gender identity
the sex group an individual identifies with; male or female
gender role
the set of behaviors that society considers appropriate for each sex
gender stereotype
an oversimplified or distorted generalization about the characteristics of men and women
androgynous
combining or blending traditionally male and female characteristics
gender schema
a set of behaviors organized around how either a male or female should think and behave
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