Ch. 3 Sections 1 & 2 Test Review

The Constitutional Convention
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who presided over the Constitutional Convention
George Washington
a group of people named by each state legislature that select the president and vice president
Electoral College
What state did not send delegates to the convention in Philadelphia
Rhode Island
Who was proposed the great compromise
Roger Sherman
Who was the oldest delegate to the Constitutional convention
Ben Franklin
Federalism
a system of government, in which power is divided between the national Government and the state governments.
The Great Compromise
This plan was proposed by Roger Sherman of Connecticut at the 1787 Constitutional Convention to resolve differences between the Virginia Plan and the New Jersey Plan. It called for creating a national bicameral legislature: in the House of Representatives places were to be assigned according to a state's population (proportional representation) and filled by popular vote; in the Senate, each state was to have two members (equal representation) elected by its state legislature.
federalist
supporters of the constitution during the debate over its ratification; favored a strong national government
Anti Federalist
They opposed the ratification of the Constitution because it gave more power to the federal government and less to the states, and because it did not ensure individual rights. Many wanted to keep the Articles of Confederation. The Antifederalists were instrumental in obtaining passage of the Bill of Rights as a prerequisite to ratification of the Constitution in several states.
3/5th compromise
Compromise at the Constitutional Convention calling for 3/5ths of a state's slave population to be counted for the purposes of legislative representation.
Constitution
a written plan of government
The Articles of Confederation
this document, the nations first constitution, was adopted by the second continental congress in 1781during the revolution. the document was limited because states held most of the power, and congress lacked the power to tax, regulate trade, or control coinage
The Bill of Rights
The first 10 Amendments to the Constitution
The New Jersey Plan
Government plan favored by the small states because representation was based equality, each state gets the same number of votes
The Virginia Plan
This called for 3 branches of government: legislative, executive and judicial. This plan was favored by the larger states because the representation in Congress was proportioned based on each state's population.