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48 terms

Blood supply of the Head and Neck

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artery
a large blood vessel that carries blood from the heart to the body
arteriole
one of the small thin-walled arteries that end in capillaries
capillary
smaller than an arteriole; smallest blood vessel able to carry blood to large areas of tissue because there are so many of them
venule
a smaller vessel that carries blood from a capillary to a vein
vein
a blood vessel that carries blood from the capillaries toward the heart
plexus
a network of intersecting blood vessels or intersecting nerves or intersecting lymph vessels
anastomosis
opening; joining of two blood vessels to allow flow from one to the other
common carotid
Divides into external and internal branches at the level of Adam's apple.
aorta
the common carotid and subclavian arteries arise directly from the _________ on the left side of the body.
brachiocephalic artery
the common carotid and subclavian arteries are both branches of the
lateral
the subclavian artery arises ____ to the common carotid artery and its major destination is the upper extremity and arm.
The internal and external carotid arteries
The carotid artery divides into two branches at the border of the thyroid cartilage. what are these branches?
carotid sinus
swelling of carotid artery in neck (the barirreceoptor)
internal carotid artery
the branch of the carotid artery that supplies blood to the brain and eyes and internal parts of the head
external carotid artery
the branch of the carotid artery that supplies blood to the face and tongue and external parts of the head
Anterior Branches
Superior Thyroid Artery, Lingual Artery, and Facial Artery are what branches of the external carotid artery?
infrahyoid muscles, SCM muscle, muscles of the larynx and thyroid gland.
The four branches of the Superior thyroid artery serve these tissues inferior to the hyoid bone.
Superior thyroid artery
Infrahyoid, sternocleidomastiod, superior laryngeal and superior and inferior thyroid are the branches of this anterior external carotid artery.
Lingual Artery
Lingual, deep lingual, sublingual and suprahyoid are the branches of this anterior external carotid artery.
Facial artery
ascending palatine artery, submental artery, inferior labial artery, superior labial artery and angular artery are the branches of this anterior external carotid artery.
suprahyoid muscles, mylohyoid muscle, sublingual salivary glands, floor of the mouth and tongue
The four branches of the lingual artery serve these tissues superior to the hyoid bone.
the five branches fo the facial artery
What artery serves these tissues; the soft palate, palatine muscles, palatine tonsils, submandibular lymph nodes, submandibular salivary glands, mylohyoid and digastric muscles, upper and lower lip tissues, muscles of facial expression, and tissue of the side of the nose.
Medial Branch
The ascending pharyngeal artery is a branch of what external carotid artery?
Ascending phyngeal artery
the pharyngeal and meningeal are what branches of the medial branch of the external branch of the carotid artery branch?
Pharyngeal walls, soft palate, and meninges of the brain
The ascending pharyngeal artery supplies what tissues?
pharyngeal and meningeal
What are the branches of the ascending phyngeal artery?
Posterior branch
The Occipital artery and posterior auricular artery are branches of what external carotid artery branch?
Occipital artery
The muscular, sternocleidomastoid, auricular and meningeal are branches of what posterior branch of the external carotid artery?
Posterior Auricular artery
The auricular and stylomastoid are branchses of what posterior branch of the external carotid artery?
inner ear and mastiod air cells
What tissues does the posterior auricular artery supply?
suprahyoid muscles, SCM muscles, scalp and meningeal tissues
What tissues does the occipital artery supply?
Terminal Branch
Superficial temporal artery and maxillary artery are the branches of what branch of hte external carotid artery?
Superficial temporal artery
Transverse facial, middle temporal, frontal, and parietal are branches of what terminal branch of the external carotid artery?
parotid gland duct and nearby facial tissues, temporalis muscle and scalp
What are the tissues supplied by the Superficial temporal artery?
Maxillary Artery
The middle meningeal, inferior alveolar, deep temporal, pterygoid, masseteric, buccal, posterior superior alveolar, infraorbital, greater palatine and sphenopalatine are branches of waht artery of the terminal branch of the external carotid artery?
middle meningeal
This branch of the maxillary artery supplies the meninges of the brain via the foramen spinosum.
inferior alveolar
This branch of the maxillary artery supplies the mandibular teeth and their periodontium, floor of the mouth, mental regionand mylohyoid muscle.
inferior alveolar
Mylohyoid, mental, and incisive arteries are branches of what maxillary artery branch?
deep temporal
This branch of the maxillary artery supplies the temporalis muscle.
pterygoid
This branch of the maxillary artery supplies the lateral and mdial pterygoid muscles.
massesteric
This branch of the maxillary artery supplies the massester muscle.
buccal
This branch of the maxillary artery supplies the buccinator and buccal region.
posterior superior alveolar
This branch of the maxillary artery supplies the posterior maxillary teeth and their periodontium, amd maxillary sinus.
Infraorbital
This branch of the maxillary artery supplies the orbital region, face and anterior maxillary teeth and their periodontium.
greater palatine
This branch of the maxillary artery supplies the hard and soft palates.
sphenopalatine
This branch of the maxillary artery supplies the nasal cavity and anterior hard palate.
orbital and anterior superior alveolar
what are the branches of the infraorbital artery?
nasopalatine
What is the branch of the sphenopalatine artery?