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Forensic Psychology Chapter 3 Review
Terms in this set (31)
According to a study of college students interactions noted in the text, study participants told how many lies in 10 minutes?
Lying is considered to be an adaptive behavior from an _______ point of view.
The ability of humans to maintain a relatively harmonious group relationship is facilitated by our capacity to _____ the truth.
According to the _________ hypothesis, human intelligence was accelerated by the need for humans to develop social skills related to manipulation and deception.
Lying can best be described as _______.
According to research by Bond and DePaulo (2006), people's ability to distinguish lies was noted as having a ___% overall rate of accuracy.
When police detectives were assessed as to their ability to detect lies, according to our text, they were ____ likely to asses the truthfulness of video-graphed statements than were college students.
According to one study and the text, police detectives demonstrated ___ toward evaluating false confessions as true.
According to one study, ___% of individuals reported that squirming, glancing and fidgeting were indicators of untruthfulness.
According to the text, polygraphers are able to identify approximately ___% of guilty suspects.
The tendency to seek out information that supports our beliefs is otherwise know as ___________.
lying/ physiological responses
The theory behind the polygraph test is that _____ causes ______.
The federal Polygraph Protection Act of 1988 prohibited _______ from administering polygraphs for purposes of job hiring.
The control question test (CQT) posits that guilty individuals react to_____ questions, while innocent individuals react to _____ questions.
Criticism of the polygraph is both ____ and ____.
According to a study conducted by Honts, Rashkin, & Kircher (1994), the use of countermeasures reduced the detection of guilty suspects by ____%.
Techniques such as the uses of drugs, alcohol and physical distractions are examples of ________.
According to the text, polygraphs fail to snare about ___% of guilty suspects and falsely accuse approximately ___% of innocent individuals.
One problem with using polygraph tests as part of a criminal investigation is that it is not done under __________.
Using the polygraph for the purposes of employment are _____________ than those used in criminal cases.
Polygraph testing has been excluded as evidence in court in ___ states, except under exceptional circumstances.
The polygraph may be used as a method to evoke a __________.
The guilty knowledge test (GKT) focuses on whether or not someone would know things a ______ would know.
The guilty knowledge test (GKT) uses a multiple-choice question format. When questions are posed , ___ multiple-choice options are provided.
96.7 and 88.2
According to a research completed by Lykken (1998), when the guilty knowledge test (GKT) is used, ___% of innocent suspects were identified as guilty, while ___% of guilty suspects were correctly classified.
As with a traditional polygraph test, the guilty knowledge test (GKT) can be influenced by _____ and _____.
The _____ shows a video image of the brain in action.
criteria based content analysis
The technique that uses systematic analysis of written statements to assess the credibility of statements related to a particular event is ________________________.
According to the text, an EEG read neural impulses in ____ seconds whereas the fMRI reads brain activity every ____ seconds.
High definition infrared thermal imaging
____________ measures minute changes in the heat of the human face.
Credibility assessment is also referred to as ___ detection.
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