Textiles & Design I Final Review

The lightness or darkness of a color is its value.
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Terms in this set (142)
Red, yellow and blue are the three _____ colors.primaryBrightness or dullness of a color is its _____.intensityTwo people of the same height and weight may look very different because of their body frame.trueThe principles of design are artistic guidelines for using all the design elements.trueA design is said to have proportion when the spaces on both sides of a central line, real or imagined, appear equal.falseUnlike other design elements, texture cannot be used to create different illusions.falseEmphasis can be accomplished with color, line, texture, design details, trims & accessories.trueA person with an hourglass figure will have _____.chest or hips that have the same size but a smaller waistSatin, polished cotton, nylon and vinyl are all examples of _____ fabrics.shinyThe principles of design include all of the following EXCEPT _____.illusionIn fashion design, the ration that has been used most commonly is _____.3 to 5The basic tools used by a designer, which include line, shape and color are known as _____ of design.elementsThe design principle of _____ refers to the surface characteristics of an object that determine its look and or feel.rhythmFashion merchandising focuses on selling to retailers while fashion promotion focuses on selling to consumers.trueMost of today's clothes are mass-produced, with machines doing most of the work.trueWhich of the following is true of standard sizes in patterns?standard sizes are the same among all pattern companies and across all issuesA pattern is a set of tissue pieces and instructions for creating an item from fabric.trueThe pattern envelope shows you how the finished garment should look.trueFabric is sold in rolls called nuts.trueThe fabric suggestions on the pattern envelope will tell you what fabrics are suitable, but they will not tell you what fabrics are unsuitable.falseChecking the fabric for flaws and wrinkle resistance prior to purchase is important.trueYou can buy fabric that is narrower but not wider than the ones listed on the pattern Yardage Chart.trueIf you have selected a stripe, a plaid, or any other fabric design that requires matching, you may need to purchase extra yardage.trueNotions are small tools used to construct garments.trueWhen selecting a pattern, you should consider _____.your body shape, your sewing skill level and figure type and sizeNotions should be purchased when you buy your fabric so that _____.colors can be matched, you will have everything needed to complete the project & care requirements are compatableWhen choosing thread, if you cannot find one that is the same color as your fabric, choose one that is a ___.shade darkerThe bobbin holds the bottom thread in a sewing machine.trueThe take-up lever directs the thread and keeps it from tangling.falseThe presser foot holds fabric against the feed dog, which moves the fabric forward.trueOne of the most common causes of stitching problems is incorrect threading.trueThe three essential measuring tools are a sewing gauge, tape measure and yardstick.trueThe only difference between shears and scissors is that shears have differently shaped handles.falseA seam roll is a firm, round cushion used to press curved areas of a garment.falseThe best tool to use when cutting out fabric pieces is _____.dressmakers shearsMarking tools are used for _____.transferring pattern symbols to the fabricTo press curved areas of a garment, such as darts and curved seams, use a _____.tailors hamshearsUsed to cut fabricpinsUsed to hold fabric togetherseam gaugeruler with an adjustable marker for measuring seam allowances and hemstape measureused to take body measurementsneedlesUsed for sewing stitches by hand, has an eye opposite the pointpin cushionholds pins-- picture in the testspool of threadthe spool that holds the upper supply of threadironused to flatten seams after sewingironing boardused under an iron for ironing or presisng garmentsbuttona fastener on garmentszipperused to fasten garmentssnapsUseful for closures which will not have strong pressure applied to them.fusible interfacinghas a resin coating on the back of either woven or nonwoven fabric; fuses or bonds to fabric when pressedrunning stitchstraight stitch attaching fabrics togetherzigzag stitchstitch made by the needlemoving from side to side to produce a symmetrical zigzag pattern; the chief advantage is elasticitysatin stitcha solid filling stitch that is used to cover a design area with long, straight stitches worked very close togetherback stitchSewing with overlapping stitcheswhip stitchA stitch that loops over the seamfrench knota decorative stitch made by winding the thread one or more times around the needle and drawing the needle back through the material at the point where it came out.The Gap is an example of a chain.trueGarment labor unions in the United States were formed solely to improve wages.falseCompanies specializing in sewing certain garments for a specific price are known as contractors.trueAll of the following are part of the apparel industry's clothing manufacturing process EXCEPTmaking fibers into fabricAbout _____ percent of the total fiber used in the United States is used in products other than clothing.60An important marketing tool that helps designers, manufacturers, and retailers predict what to sell in the future is a _____.surveyA place where one worker performs a specialized task on an unfinished garment, then passes it to another worker who performs a different task is an example of a(n) _____.assembly line_____ are companies or individuals who serve as middle agents between textile mills and apparel manufacturers.converters_____ services predict color, fabric, and fashion trends and help textile companies produce the coordinating fabric colors they develop.forecasting_____ is the sale of goods in small quantities to consumers.retailAnother name for a manufacturer's clothing collection is a(n)lineWhen stores purchase items from manufacturers to sell to consumers, they pay a(n) _____ prices, which includes all costs for making the items.wholesaleWhen fibers are grouped and twisted together, they form a continuous strand called a yarn.trueNatural fibers are derived from wood pulp, petroleum, natural gas, and similar substances.falseA fiber's generic name indicates a general classification of fibers of similar composition.trueWhen fibers pill, garments are more attractive.falseLinen is the name of the fiber that is made into flax.truePolyester is a high-performance fiber commonly blended with cotton for easy care.trueMetallic fibers are added to fabrics mainly for decoration.trueA main problem with aramid fibers is that they easily catch fire.falseWhen linen is exposed to mildew, there is a risk of shrinkage or other damage.trueNylon is an excellent fiber choice for swimwear because it is strong and quick-drying.trueOf the following, all are characteristics that determine a fiver's suitability to a particular fabric EXCEPT _____.opacityOf the following, all are natural fibers made from cellulose EXCEPT _____.silkPolyester is all of the following EXCEPT _____.highly absorbentOf the following, the fabric that would NOT be comfortable to wear in hot, humid weather is _____.nylonAbrasion is _____.a worn spot that develops when fibers rub against somethingA _____ _____ is the name fiber companies give to each manufactured fiber they produce.trade nameA fabric's ability to pull moisture through spaces between yarns is called _____.wicking_____ is a fibrous substance found in plants that produces various natural fibers.celluloseA recent innovation in fiber research is the _____, which is 100 times finer than a strand of human hair.microfiberA novelty yarn is made from two or more single yarns that are not aliketrueThe tricot knit is an example of a warp knit.trueThe selvage is formed by the yarns that run the length of the fabric.falseA yarn made entirely of filament fibers is called a spun yarn.falseGrain refers to the directions that yarns run in a woven fabric.trueA satin weave is a raised surface of loops or yarn ends.falseWhen two different fibers are combined into a single yarn, the result is known as a blend.trueIn a twill weave, the yarns float on the surface to give the fabric a luster or shine.falseIn a leno weave, the warp yarns cross and twist between the filling yarns.trueJersey knits, the most common weft knits, are also known as plain knits or single knits.trueOf the following, all are characteristics that distinguish one fabric from another EXCEPTfootA(n) _____ produces very elaborate and detailed designs.jacquard weaveOf the following knit types, the one that is NOT a weft knit is the _____.raschel knitWhich of the following statements applies to nonwoven fabrics?they can be produced by interlocking fibers with heat and moistureA yarn made of staple fibers is called a _____ _____.spun yarn_____ tells the number of strands twisted together to make a ply yarn.plyA yarn made of a single strand is called a _____ _____.monofilament yarnThe process of _____ uses chemicals, heat or special machinery to turn the straight, rodlike filaments into coiled, looped, or crimped yarns.texturingThe process of interlacing two sets of yarns that are at right angles to each other is called _____.weavingHeat transfer is a fabric printing method.trueDyeing and printing involve the same process for coloring textiles.falseIf a fabric label indicates it is "preshrunk", it means that a shrinkage process has been applied.trueFabric finishes are always permanent.falseDyeing natural fibers before they are spin into a yarn is an example of solution dyeing.falseCalendering is an example of a fabric printing technique.falsePiece dying is a method where fabric is dyed after being woven or knitted.trueRotary printing is a printing method that combines the advantages of both screen and roller printing.trueWater-repellent and water-resistent fabrics provide the same benefits.falseMoire is a method for changing a fabric's performance by giving it a wavy pattern.falseSizing added to give fabric extra body is an example of a(n) _____ finishtemporaryA finish designed to give fabric a smoother hand is an example of an improvement to a fabric's _____.textureThree finishes that add luster or glaze to a fabric are _____.mercerization, calendering & glazingGray goods are _____.fabrics from the loom that lack color_____ are compounds that penetrate and color fibers.dyes_____ is the transferring of color to the surface of a fabric to form a pattern.printing_____ fabrics are ones that do not fade when exposed to chlorine or sunlight.color fastA(n) _____ surface is one where short fiber ends of staple yarns are raised to give fabric a soft, fuzzy texture.nap_____ are special treatments added to fabrics to reduce undesirable effects and improve desirable ones.finishesAn analogous color scheme uses colors that are directly opposite on the color wheel.falseViolet is a secondary color.truePlaid or print fabrics often use a split-complementary color scheme.trueA(n) _____ is a series of points connected to form a narrow path.lineGives a feeling of strength, dignity & formalityvertical linesGives a feeling of restfulness and stabilityhorizontal linesAdds movement and excitementdiagonal lines

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