AP HUMAN GEO Ch 3 Key Terms
Terms in this set (24)
Definition: Large-Scale emigration by talented people
Example: When Doctors, Researchers, Scientists and other professionals migrate to countries where they can make better use of their abilities
Application: This is important because the migration is caused not by how a community could benefit them, but more how they could benefit the community.
Definition: Migration of People to a specific location because of relatives or members of the same nationality previously migrated there
Example: Mexicans prefer Texas and California while Cubans prefer Florida because communities of the same origin already reside there.
Application: This is important because it presents a way to predict how communities of immigrants might grow.
Definition: Short-term, repetitive, or cyclical movements that recur on a regular basis
Example: College kids moving to a dorm in the fall and then going back home again in the spring
Application: This is important because it shows that not all movement is migration--some may be temporary
Definition: Net migration from urban to rural areas in more developed countries.
Example: More people move out of a city than into it resulting in Net OUT migration
Application: This is important because in the late 20th century, a new trend presented itself. This trend was that for the first time there was a net out migration in some cities in the U.S.
Definition: migration FROM a location
Example: My parents emigrated from Texas
Application: This is important as it clarifies the difference between migrating from a location and migrating to a location
NOT TO BE CONFUSED WITH IMMIGRATION
Definition: The area subject to flooding during a given number of years according to historical trends.
Example: Nile river for irrigation? an example is not all that important
Application: This is important because it drives people to emigrate because consequences of any natural disasters grow exponentially when in a floodplain.
Definition: Permanent movement compelled usually by cultural factors.
Example: Slavery!! in this case people were physically forced to migrate
Application: This is important because it is just another reason/way that people migrate. In terms of the Holocaust or Slavery, people were given no choice but to be physically forced to migrate or flea from the authorities.
Definition: Workers who migrate to the more developed countries of Northern and Western Europe, usually from Southern of Eastern Europe or from North Africa, in search of higher-paying jobs.
Example: An Italian banker temporarily moves to England in order to make more money banking
Application: This is important because guest workers take money out of one economy and (typically) put it back into another.
Definition: Migration to a new location
Example: Mexican families often immigrate into the US
Application: This is important because it greatly affects the workforce(job opportunities and wages) as well the population and resource consumption.
Definition: Permanent Movement within a particular country
Example: Keith and Dee Ann Boyd move from Texas to New York.
Application: This is important because it does not affect economies as much as other forms of migration.
Definition: Permanent movement from one country to another.
Example: A family from Asia moves to the US
Application: This important as it greatly affects our economy and gives our culture more variety(something that can be welcomed or not)
Definition: Permanent movement from one region of a country to another.
Example: Keith and Dee Ann Boyd move from Texas to New York.
Application: This is important because most interregional migration is done from Rural to Urban cities.
Definition: An environmental or cultural feature of the landscape that hinders migration
Example: As the Hernandez family makes their way to the US, they find themselves in Mexico City with a good job and economic status and, thus, decide to stay.
Application: This is important because intervening obstacle distracts from the primary goal location for someone.
Definition: Permanent movement within one region of a country.
Example: Sallys family moved down the street to get a larger house
Application: This is important because it stimulates the economy because of the real estate transactions.
Definition: Form of relocation diffusion involving permanent move to a new location.
Example: In the 19th century, lots of Europeans migrated to the US
Application: Migration is everything when it comes to the development of a country
Definition: Change in the migration pattern in a society that results from industrialization, population growth, and other social and economic changes that also produce the demographic transition.
Example: US!!! we were able to develop as much as we did because immigrants industrialized the US and stimulated economic growth.
Application: This is what makes migration so important--Migration Transition are what separates the developed countries and undeveloped countries. The developed develop more because of migration
Definition: All types of movement from one location to another.
Example: Migration, circulation, etc are forms of Mobility
Application: Mobility is just a more generalized term for migration because it includes the short term as well.
Definition: The difference between the level of immigration and the level of emigration.
Example: # of immigrants># of emigrants= POSITIVE net migration= Net in Migration
Application: This important because it tells us a lot about the development of a country due to its migration patterns
Definition: Factor that induces people to move to a new location.
Example: Job Opportunities in the US
Application: This is a big deal because it accounts for the reason someone would go to a certain place. People go to the US for x, y, and z. x,y, and z are pull factors.
Definition: Factor that induces people to leave old residences.
Example: Political instability
Application: This the 2nd half of the reason someone migrates--it is the reasons to leave where you currently reside. People leave Mexico because of x, y, and z. X, y, and z are push factors
Definition: In reference to migration, laws that place maximum limits on the number of people who can immigrate to a country each year.
Example: Only x amount of immigrants from Mexico are legalized each year.
Application: This is huge because it limits the amount of immigrants that come into the country based off of many different things.
Definition: People who are forced to migrate from their home country and cannot return for fear of persecution because of their race, religion, nationality, membership in a social group, or political opinion.
Example: Refugees from Rwanda went to neighboring countries such as the Congo and Uganda during the genocide in 1994.
Application: This is another factor in terms of migration--some might say forced migration-and does. There is no quota on Refugees.
Definition: People who enter a country without proper documents, also known as undocumented immigrants.
Example: Unauthorized immigrants screw with the economy and workforce of the US
Application: This is one of the biggest issues in the US as there are 12 million unauthorized immigrants
Definition: Permanent movement undertaken by choice.
Example: The Boyd family moved from Texas to NY by choice--they were not forced
Application: This is pretty much anyone who has the option of staying where they currently reside or not.