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APUSH Ch. 28 (Week 30) - Great Society, Vietnam, and Nixon
Terms in this set (34)
President Lyndon B. Johnson's domestic program, which included civil rights legislation, antipoverty programs, government subsidy of medical care, federal aid to education, consumer protection, and aid to the arts and humanities.
Lyndon B. Johnson
Democrat who became 36th President of the United States when John F. Kennedy was assassinated in1963. He package of social and economic reforms were known as the Great Society. He also presided over the dramatic escalation of the Vietnam War.
Economic Opportunity Act
A 1964 Great Society law that created a number of programs designed to alleviate poverty and its effects, including Head Start pre-school program, Job Corps, Upward Bound, and Volunteers in Service to America (VISTA).
Lyndon Johnson's archconservative, antigovernment Republican opponent in the 1964 election, he campaigned against the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and for a more vigorous Cold War foreign policy. His campaign solgan was "a choice, not an echo." Although he lost the election by a wide margin, his candidacy marked the beginning of a grassroots conservative revolt that would eventually transform the Republican Party.
A Great Society program, created by the Medical Care Act of 1965, to provide health care for people who were elderly.
A Great Society program, created by the Medical Care Act of 1965, to provide health care for people living in poverty.
Equal Pay Act
A 1963 law that established the principle of equal wages for equal work. Trade union women were especially critical in pushing for, and winning, congressional passage of the law.
The Feminine Mystique
An influential book written in 1963 by Betty Friedan critiquing the ideal whereby women were encouraged to confine themselves to roles within the domestic sphere.
Presidential Commission on the Status of Women
A group appointed by President Kennedy in 1961 that issued a report in 1963 documenting job and educational discrimination based on gender.
National Organization for Women (NOW)
Women's civil rights organization formed in 1966. Initially, it focused on eliminating gender discrimination in public institutions and the workplace, but by the 1970s, it also embraced many of the issues raised by more radical feminists.
A Southeast Asian Cold War conflict that began in 1955. The United States sent troops to support the capitalists in the South against the communists in the North (the Vietcong). The war became increasingly unpopular in the United States. It claimed more than a million Vietnamese lives and more than 60,000 American lives. The war ended in 1975 when the U.S. withdrew its final troops in defeat.
Gulf of Tonkin Resolution
Passed by Congress in 1964 in the wake of a naval confrontation between the United States and North Vietnam. It gave the president nearly unlimited authority in conducting the Vietnam War. The Senate terminated it in 1971 following outrage over the U.S. invasion of Cambodia.
Operation Rolling Thunder
A massive bombing campaign against North Vietnam authorized by President Johnson in 1965. The bombing had little effect on the Vietcong's ability to wage war in South Vietnam.
Students for a Democratic Society (SDS)
An organization for social change founded by college students in 1960.
Radical students of the 1960s and 1970s who distinguished their activism from the communists and socialists of the 1930s and 1940s, who tended to focus on economic and labor questions rather than cultural issues.
Young Americans for Freedom (YAF)
The largest student political organization in the country, its conservative members defended free enterprise and supported the war in Vietnam.
Young, often middle-class, Americans during the 1960s who rejected the materialism and Cold War militarism of their parents' generation. They were identified with ragged blue jeans or army fatigues, tie-dyed T-shirts, beads and long, unkempt hair.
A culture embracing values or lifestyles opposing those of the mainstream culture. People, called hippies, who opposed and rejected conventional standards of society and advocated extreme liberalism in their sociopolitical attitudes and lifestyles became synonymous with this movement in the 1960s.
Major campaign of attacks launched throughout South Vietnam in January 1968 by the North Vietnamese and Vietcong. A major turning point in the war, it exposed the credibility gap between official statements and the war's reality, and it shook Americans' confidence in the government.
He served as Attorney General for President Kennedy and President Johnson. He was assassinated while campaigning for president in June 1968.
1968 Democratic National Convention
A convention held in Chicago in 1968 that was notable for the numerous antiwar demonstrators outside the convention hall who were tear-gassed and clubbed by police. Inside the convention hall, the delegates were bitterly divided over Vietnam.
Richard M. Nixon
Republican who serving in the Senate and as President Eisenhower's vice president, he ran unsuccessfully for president in 1960 and then was elected in 1968 as the 37th President of the United States. He was relected in a landslide, but resigned in 1974 after the Watergate scandal revealed his involvement in an illegal attempt to spy on his political opponents during the 1972 presidental campaign.
An approach adopted by Richard Nixon in his 1968 campaign to attract southern white voters who felt angry about gains made by African Americans during the Civil Rights Movement.
Chicano Moratorium Committee
Group founded by activist Latinos to protest the Vietnam War.
A new brand of feminism in the 1960s, comprised of primarily younger, college-educated women fresh from the New Left, antiwar, and civil rights movements who sought an end to the denigration and exploitation of women.
A law passed by Congress in 1972 that broadened the 1964 Civil Rights Act to include educational institutions. It prohibited colleges and universities that received federal funds from discriminating on the basis of sex. By requiring comparable funding for sports programs, it made women's athletics a real presence on college campuses.
The location of a two-day riot by patrons after the police raided it in New York's Greenwich Village in 1969; the event contributed to the rapid rise of a gay liberation movement.
President Nixon first used the term, which is derived from the title of a book by Ben J. Wattenberg and Richard Scammon, in a 1969 speech when he described those who supported his positions but did not publicly assert their voices as did those involved in the antiwar, civil rights, and women's movements.
A new U.S. policy, devised under President Nixon in the early 1970s, of delegating the ground fighting to the South Vietnamese in the Vietnam War. American troop levels dropped, and American casualties dropped correspondingly, but the killing in Vietnam continued.
The name of the South Vietnamese village where, in 1968, U.S. Army troops executed five hundred people, including a large number of women and children.
Secret government documents published in the New York Times, which revealed that LBJ's administration had lied to the public and Congress about the Vietnam War.
The easing of conflict between the United States and the Soviet Union during the Nixon administration by focusing on issues of common concern, such as arms control and trade.
Nixon visits China
1972 trip--the first by an American president--to largest Communist country in Asia, partly made to improve U.S.-Soviet relations.
The Supreme Court that expanded the Constitution's promise of equality and civil rights. It issued landmark decisions in the areas of civil rights, criminal rights, reproductive freedom, and separation of church and state.
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