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Medical Terminology - Chapter 3 Gastroenterology (Self Study Questions)
Terms in this set (64)
True or False. The teeth are responsible for deglutition.
True or False? The hard palate is only half of the roof of the mouth.
True or False. The pharynx starts at the uvula and ends at the esophagus.
True or False. The salivary glands are also called the tonsils.
True or False. The pharynx is involved in mastication.
The stomach has folds in its lining that are called _____
The _____ is a pouch at the lower end of the ascending colon.
Most digestion in the small intestine occurs in the _____.
Microscopic fingers, called _____, extend from the intestinal wall and aid in absorption of nutrients.
Absorption of nutrients primarily takes place in the _____.
The _____ is located between the sigmoid colon and the anus
A worm-like structure, the _____, is attached to the cecum.
The _____ opens to allow food into the stomach.
Digestive enzyme found in saliva
Acid produced by the stomach
Digestive enzyme found in the stomach
Hormone in stomach that stimulates acid production
Elimination of waste as a bowel movement
Substance produced by liver that breaks down fat
Pancreatic enzyme that breaks down fat
Medical name for waste products that become a bowel movement
Inflammation of the lining of the mouth
Formation of a stone or stones in the salivary gland or duct
Enlarged, twisted veins in the lower esophagus
Excessive or frequent food intake
Reflux of food or fluid into mouth
Vomited material containing blood
Food, fluid, or chyme that is brought out of the mouth from the stomach
Inflammation of the lips
Food expelled from the stomach is known as _____.
The term _____ means inflammation of the stomach.
Inflammation of the tongue is _____.
The term _____ is one type of cancer of the stomach
An unpleasant feeling prior to an urge to vomit is called _____.
Difficulty swallowing or eating is medically known as _____.
The term _____ refers to the breakdown of the esophageal, stomach or intestinal lining to form an ulcer
PUD (peptic ulcer disease)
Reflux of stomach contents into the esophagus is called _____.
GERD (gastroesophageal reflux disease)
The type of cancer that has the least successful treatment is _____
How many types of hepatitis are commonly found in the U.S?
An inflamed or infected gallbladder results in the diagnosis of
The problem with adhesions is that they can
interfere with intestinal function
Liver disease causes an accumulation of fluid in the abdomen, which is called
True or False. An exploratory laparotomy uses an endoscope to see inside the colon
True or False. A colostomy results in an external opening to the colon on the surface of the abdomen
True or False. A flat plate of the abdomen is a type of CAT scan
True or False. A fecal occult blood test is done when you see the blood in the stool.
True or False. The alkaline phosphatase blood test determines the level of liver function
True or False. A gastroplasty involves surgical stapling of the stomach.
A herniorrhaphy requires the removal of part of the small intestine
An upper GI series involves one x-ray of the esophagus and stomach.
An MRI scan is a series of x-rays of one part of the body.
An NG tube can be used as a diagnostic or medical piece of equipment.
storage area for bile
part of large bowel between sigmoid colon and anus
first part of the large intestine
part of the stomach leading out to the small intestine
last part of the small intestine
tube that food travels in after leaving the oral cavity
plays no role in the digestive system
superior aspect of the small bowel
roof of the mouth
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
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