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49 terms

Unit 2 Egypt and the Near East

Review of key terms for Unit 2 Test
STUDY
PLAY
Egyptian Civilization
A society of people who lived in the Northeast corner of Africa from around 3100 B.C.E. to 350 C.E.
Hebrew Civilization
A society of people who lived to the Northeast of Egypt in Canaan from about 1800 B.C.E. to 70 C.E.
Environmental factors
The water, topography, and vegetation of an area or region
Geography
The physical features of an area
Topography
The surface features of a region such as mountains or deserts
Vegetation
the plants of a place or region
Delta
An area of sediment deposited at the mouth of a river
Fertilization
the process of adding fertilizer, or plant food to soil
Papyrus
A tough water plant used to make paper and rope in the ancient times.
Nomad
a person who moves from place to place with no permanent home.
Pharaoh
An ancient Egyptian leader
Old Kingdom
A period in Ancient Egyptian history that lasted from about 2700-2200 B.C.E.
Middle Kingdom
A period in Ancient Egyptian history that lasted from about 2000-1800 B.C.E.
New Kingdom
A period in Ancient Egyptian history that lasted from about 1600-1100 B.C.E.
Pyramid
a huge triangular shaped monument of Ancient Egypt built around a tomb
Social Classes
A group of society distinguished from other groups by such things as wealth, property, and rights.
Social Pyramid
The drawing of a pyramid shape with levels showing how social classes are positioned above and below one another regarding power and rights in the society
Artisan
A Craftsperson
Peasant
A person who does farm work for wealthy landowners
Vizier
A high ranking government official
Alliance
an agreement between nations to work together for common interests
Embalm
to treat a dead body with preservatives to prevent it from decaying
Sarcophagus
A large stone coffin
Hieroglyph
A symbol used hieroglyphics, a system of writing developed in about 3000 B.C.E.
Census
An official count of the population
Famine
A severe shortage of food
Judaism
A major World religion founded by the Hebrews
Torah
The first five books of the Jewish Bible
Abraham
The leader who led the Hebrews from Mesopotamia to Canaan
Moses
Hebrew leader who led his people out of slavery in Egypt and brought Judaism its fundamental laws, the 10 Commandments
David
The Hebrew King that established Jerusalem as a holy city.
Solomon
The Hebrew King that built the Great Temple of Jerusalem; Son of David
Covenant
An agreement or promise
Descendant
A daughter or son, Grandson or Granddaughter, etc.
Sacrifice
A gift of an animal for slaughter as a way to honor gods
Prophet
A person who speaks or interprets for God to other people
Plague
A terrible disaster affecting many people and thought to be sent by God as a punishment.
Exodus
the escape of the Hebrews from Egyptian Slavery.
Ten Commandments
The ten laws said to have been given to Moses by God
Sabbath
the seventh day of the week to be used for rest and worship.
Ark of the Covenant
the chest containing the 10 commandments
Diaspora
A scattering
Monotheism
A belief that there is only 1 God
Polytheism
A belief that there are many Gods
Rabbi
A religious teacher who studies and teaches others about Jewish Law
Talmud
A collection of Ancient Jewish writings that interpret the law of the Torah
Execute
To Kill
Gentile
non-Jewish
Synagogue
A place of Jewish Worship