Terms in this set (53)
an amount of money over $75,000
Disputes involving citizens of different States can be heard in federal courts only if they involve
A court that reviews a case that was tired in a lower court is said to have __________ jurisdiction.
federal and State courts
The two court systems in the United States are the
anyone the Senate will confirm
Who can be named to the federal bench by a President?
Federal and State courts share the power to hear a case if they have __________ jurisdiction.
Cases for which the federal courts have __________ jurisdiction can only be heard in federal courts
A court in which a case is first heard has __________ jurisdiction
Judges who decide cases on the basis of the Framers or legislators' original intent are said to practice what?
constitutional and special courts
What are the two kinds of federal courts?
A person who files a suit is a
these are the lower federal courts, or those beneath the Supreme Court
the authority of a court to hear a case
when the federal and State courts share power to hear these cases
the person against whom the complaint is made
a judicial decision that serves as a guide for settling later cases of similar nature
an interpretation of the U.S. constitution holding that the spirit of the times and the needs of the nation can legitimately influence judicial decisions (particularly decisions of the Supreme Court)
a case in which a defendant is tried for committing some action that Congress has declared by law to be a federal crime
a case that involves some noncriminal matter
a list of cases to be heard
the transcript of proceedings made in the trial court
writ of certiorari
this writ is an order made by the Court directing a lower court to send up the record in a given case for its review
a document attesting to the truth of certain stated facts
a detailed statement that spells out the party's legal position and are built largely on relevant facts and the citation of precedents
the opinion joined by a majority of the court (generally known simply as 'the opinion')
an opinion that agrees with the court's disposition of the case but is written to express a particular judge's reasoning
an opinion that disagrees with the court's disposition of the case
A court composed of military personnel, for the trial of those accused of violating military law
a court operating as part of the judicial branch, entirely separate from the military establishment
the Court of International Trade
Cases in involving tariffs go to what U.S. court?
District court cases are usually heard by
How many district courts are there in the U.S.?
the highest State courts
The U.S. Supreme Court most often hears cases from the courts of appeals and what other courts?
a case involving the alleged committing of a federal crime
What defines a criminal case in a federal court?
a three-judge panel
Appellate court cases are usually presided over by
courts of appeals
The courts that serve as "gatekeepers" to the Supreme Court are the
The Supreme Court looks to the law and to __________ in deciding cases.
A lower court can ask the Supreme Court to answer a specific question regarding procedure or rule of law by
Lawyers' presentations before the Court are usually limited to
Justices who agree with the Opinion of the Court can add a point in a(n)
Marbury v. Madison
The Court's first act of judicial review came with what case?
writ of certiorari
An order from the Supreme Court to a lower court demanding the record of a case is called a(n)
people or groups who are not a party to the case, but have an interest
An amicus curiae brief is filed by whom?
Justices who disagree with the Opinion of the Court can explain their views in a(n)
How many Supreme Court justices must agree to take a case before it can be placed on the docket?
Judges with the Court of Federal Claims serve for __________ terms.
Military courts are also called
Most of the people working in courts-martial are
The U.S. government cannot be sued without
Military commissions try
A civilian tribunal is separate from the
the Court of Federal Claims
What court regularly hears claims for damages against the Federal Government?
the U.S. Court of International Trade
Which of the following is NOT a special court?
satisfaction of a claim
Redress is the