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Species adapt to competition by evolving to use slightly different resources, or to use their shared resources if different ways, thus minimizing interference with eachother.
Individuals of one species, a predator, hunt, capture, kill, and consume individuals of other species.
When multiple organisms seek the same limited resource
The full niche of a species
The portion of fundamental niche that is fully realized by a species.
A relationship in which one organism, or parasite, depends on another, the host, for nourishment or some other benefit while simetanously doing the host harm
When animals feed on the tissues of plants.
Where two or more species benefit from interaction with one another.
A parasitic or mutualistic relationship between different species of organisms that live in close physical proximity
In which one organism is harmed and the other is unaffected
One species benefits and the other is unaffected.
Rank in the feeding heiarchy of a food chain. Organisms at higher trophic levels consume those at lower trophic levels
A visual map of feeding relationships and energy flow
species that has strong wide reaching impact far out of proportion to its abundancce
Follows a disturbance so severe that no vegetation or soil life remains from the community that occupied the site.
Begins when a disturbance dramatically alters an existing community but does not destroy all lving things or all organic matter in soil
Species that arrive first and colonize the new substrate
A species that spreads widely and rapidly becoms domminant in a community, interfering with the community's normal functioning.
A major regional complex of similar communities
Temprate Deciduous Forest
Characterized by broad leafed trees that are deciduous and loose their leaves
Occur where temperature differences between winter and summer become more extreme and rainfall diminishes.
Heavy rainfall and has confederous trees
Year round rain and unirformly warm temperatures
Tropical dry forest
Wet and dry seasons each span about half a year
Tropical grassland interspread with clusters of trees
rainfall is very sparse, its dry
Almost as dry as desert, at high altitudes, cold winters and cool summers
One who eats plants
Once who eats plants and animals
One who eats animals
Has bogs and lakes and few evergreen treew. cooler and drier
Mostly evergreen shrubs and is densly thicketed. Mild winters and warm, dry summers.