Create an account
The study of the meaning of linguistics expressions, such as morphemes, words, phrases, clauses, and sentences.
The branch of semantics that deals with the meaning of utterances larger than words.
The meaning of an utterance that describes the referent, an action, or a state of being.
Referents that are different for each speaker and each sentence. (Pronouns have shifting referents.)
The elements of meaning that make up the lexical entry of the word in the speaker's mind.
As it relates to semantics means the concept that some words or morphemes are more common or usual than others.
The referential meaning of a word or morpheme, often the first meaning listed in a dictionary.
Antonyms that are part of a larger set of related words and express the concept that one of them is more, whereas the other is less.
Utterances in which the semantic properties of one word unexpectedly do not match with those of another.
Anomalous utterances in which two dissimilar items are symbolically considered to be similar.
Utterances in which there is a contradiction between the meaning of the parts of the utterance and the entire utterance.
A series of connected utterances, such as a conversation, story, lecture, or any other communication event.
Information that the speaker believes is being introduced to the listener for the first time.
old (given) information
Information that the speaker has previously introduced or believes the listener knows.
Refers to words that shift reference, that change meaning according to the context and/or the speaker.
The set of assumptions that the speaker makes about the listener's knowledge or circumstances. These assumptions are necessary in order to make an utterance meaningful.
A special kind of discourse that are not at all important for the information they convey, but are important for their social function.
The basis for the maxims of conversation, and assumes that each person is trying in good faith to communicate and understand.
Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.
Having trouble? Click here for help.
We can’t access your microphone!
Click the icon above to update your browser permissions and try again
Reload the page to try again!Reload
Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom
Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom
It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.
Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.
For more help, see our troubleshooting page.
Your microphone is muted
For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.
Star this term
You can study starred terms together