AP World History Chapter 6
Terms in this set (21)
Seafaring peoples from southeast Asia who first entered New Guinea and surrounding islands about 5,000 years ago. Their skills of navigation, agriculture, and raising domestic animals helped them to people most islands of the Pacific.
Rituals practiced by Mayans with the belief that such sacrifices would please the gods who, in turn, would send rain to sustain agriculture.
Large beans first cultivated by the Mayans, which were the source of chocolate. Cacao was a precious commodity consumed mostly by nobles in Mayan society, and cacao beans were also used as money.
Popular religious cult of the Andeans, centered at the modern location of Chavín de Huantar in northern Peru.
A city-kingdom of the Maya, located in the northern Yucatan peninsula. Between the ninth and eleventh centuries C.E., Chichén Itzá organized a loose empire that brought a measure of political stability to the Maya.
One of the most prominent ceremonial centers of the Maya, located on the site of modern Guatemala.
Most important staple food crop of the early societies of the Americas.
Complex society of Mesoamerica; inherited the Olmec cultural traditions; had agricultural settlements and grand ceremonial centers in southern Mexico (including the Yucatan peninsula), Guatemala, Belize, Honduras, and El Salvador.
Most elaborate calendar of the ancient Americas. It combined two kinds of years into one system: a solar year of 365 days governed the agricultural cycle, and a ritual year of 260 days governed daily affairs by organizing time into twenty "months" of thirteen days apiece.
Popular game of the Mayans who inherited it from the Olmecs; served not only sporting purpose but also figured in Maya political and religious rituals.
Region from the central portion of modern Mexico to Honduras and El Salvador.
Painted pottery vessels of the Mochican people of the Andean region; contained detailed and expressive depictions of early Andean society in all its variety.
One of the Andean states, located in the valley of the Moche River; dominated the coasts and valleys of northern Peru during the period from about 300 to 700 C.E.
Designation refers to most of the islands in the Pacific Ocean; subdivisions include Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, Australia and New Zealand.
First complex society of the Americas, with its center located on the coast of the Gulf of Mexico, near the modern Mexican city of Veracruz; cultural traditions influenced all complex societies of Mesoamerica until the arrival of European peoples in the 16th century C.E.
Large canoes equipped with beams and sails; used by Austronesian peoples in their sailing to stabilize their crafts and reduce the risks of long voyages.
A Maya creation myth; taught that the gods had created human beings out of maize and water, the ingredients that became human flesh and blood.
Pyramid of the Sun
Largest building in Mesoamerica, occupying nearly as much space as the pyramid of Khufu in Egypt, though it stands only half as tall. It was built by 100 C.E., in the city of Teotihuacan.
San Lorenzo, La Aventa, Tres Zapotes
Three early Olmec ceremonial centers, dating from 1200 to 800 B.C.E., 800 to 400 B.C.E., and 400 to 100 B.C.E., respectively.
Mesoamerican city northeast of modern Mexico city; inherited Olmec cultural traditions; flourished from 200 B.C.E. to 750 C.E.
Most important Maya city kingdom between the fourth and ninth centuries C.E; located in the lowland area of modern day Mexico City.
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