Poetry

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lyric poetry
expresses an individual's experience and emotions
dramatic poetry
dramatizes action through dialogue or monologue
narrative poetry
tells a story
Aristotle (384--322 BC)
one of Plato's pupils who had a different opinion of the importance of poetry; believed that poetry helped people view their world not from the perspective of the past or present but with regard to what might be possible in the future
Samuel Taylor Coleridge (1772--1834)
an English poet of the Romantic period of literature who agreed with Aristotle's view of poetry; believed that poetry was important because it would cause people to use their senses to explain the world around them; summarized that a poem must have an understandable theme, should appeal to the senses, and must bring about a reaction from the reader
Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803--1882)
an American poet who also addressed the connection between poetry and history; believed that people knew about the horrors of the past from historical accounts while poetry presented people with a hope for the future; also saw a practical application of poetry in the creation of just laws for the people living in a society, although he did not believe it would happen
Percy Bysshe Shelley (1792--1822)
a leading lyric English poet of his time; proposed that poetry had been an important part of man's existence and development since the beginning of time; also saw a connection between history and poetry; believed history distorts the past by concentrating only on facts, while poetry brings out the beauty of past events; believed that poetry could be used to explain and clarify the world around us
rhythm
the arrangement of stressed and unstressed syllables in a pattern
refrain
the repetition of a line or phrase of a poem at regular intervals, especially at the end of each stanza and serves to emphasize a particular idea
chorus
the refrain in a song
stanza
used in poetry much like a paragraph is used in prose; a grouping of lines that can signify a change of thought or idea in a poem
couplet
2 line stanza
tercet
3 line stanza
quatrain
4 line stanza
cinquain
5 line stanza
sestet
6 line stanza
heptastich
7 line stanza
octave
8 line stanza
prosody
the examination and classification of the elements of poetry, including rhyme types, scansion, meter, alliteration, assonance, onomatopoeia, and stanzas; also referred to as versification
versification
refers to the structure of a verse as identified by the process of scansion; process includes naming the meter being used in the poem
scansion
refers to the identification of the meter by scanning the feet and the stressed and unstressed syllables in a line of poetry
foot
the basic part of a meter and consists of two or three syllables in a verse of poetry
verse
a line of poetry
meter
the repetition of stressed and unstressed syllables of a line or verse of poetry
monometer
1 foot
dimeter
2 feet
trimeter
3 feet
tetrameter
4 feet
pentameter
5 feet
hexameter
6 feet
heptameter
7 feet
iamb
a metrical foot with an unstressed and stressed syllable
trochee
a metrical foot that features one stressed syllable and one unstressed syllable
anapest
a metrical foot that features two unstressed syllables and one stressed syllable
dactyl
a metrical foot pattern in poetry that features one stressed syllable followed by two unstressed syllables
spondee
a metrical foot that features two stressed syllables
pyrrhic
a metrical foot that features two unstressed syllables
blank verse
poetry written in unrhymed iambic pentameter lines of ten syllables
terza rima
poetry that features three-line stanzas called tercets; These stanzas have a rhyme scheme of ABA, BDB, CDC, and so forth; created by Dante Alighieri
Dante Alighieri (1265--1321)
famous Italian poet
rhyme
the repetition of identical or similar sounds at the end of words or lines
rhyme scheme
the rhyming pattern of lines, usually represented by letters
masculine rhyme
used when the rhyme is located in the final stressed syllable
feminine rhyme
used when the rhyme is located in the final unstressed syllable
end rhyme
the most familiar type of rhyme; used when the final words at the end of two or more lines rhyme
eye rhyme
used when the words are very similar in appearance but don't have the same sound
true rhyme
used when the words are similar in appearance and have the same final vowel and consonant sound
slant rhyme
also called weak rhyme or half rhyme; used when the words have the same ending consonant sound but the vowel sounds are different
internal rhyme
present when the rhyme is located in the middle of a line
end-stopped line
ends with a full pause or break in the meter, often followed by punctuation such as a period, semicolon, colon, exclamation point, comma, or dash
enjambment
features a line of poetry that has no end punctuation or pause with the meaning continuing to the next line; also referred to as run-on line
ballad
a poem that tell a story and usually rhymes every other line
limerick
a humorous verse with a rhyme scheme of AABBA
haiku
a three-line Japanese verse form; the first and the third lines of a haiku have five syllables and the second line contains seven syllables; intended to evoke an emotional response from the reader and to describe something in nature
elegy
a sorrowful and formal lyric poem about death
sonnet
a poem that consists of fourteen lines of iambic pentameter
ode
a lyric poem that praises a person or thing.
epinikions
lyric poems that glorified the great victories of athletes of the great games at Delphe, Nemea, and Olympia
saga
a story that describes heroic deeds; also refer to literature that was written in the twelfth, thirteenth, and fourteenth centuries in Iceland and Scandinavia
Which of these is an example of slant rhyme?
All the answers are correct.
The three four line units of "Sonnet 28" follow which rhyming pattern?
ABAB, CDCD, and EFEF
How many lines does a sonnet have?
fourteen
What is a stanza?
a division of a poem
How many feet does a tetrameter have?
four
Versification is associated with which of these?
prosody
Which of these terms is a type of poetry that features three-lined stanzas with the rhyme scheme ABA BCB CDC, etc.?
terza rima
What determines the name of a line?
the number of feet it contains
Which two metrical lines in English poetry are the most common?
tetrameter and pentameter
What is the most common type of rhyme?
end rhyme
Which of these is an example of eye rhyme?
laughter/slaughter
Which of these terms is defined as the examination and classification of the elements of poetry?
prosody
What type of poetry is shown here?
limerick
Which of these statements is a fact?
The stanzas of a poem are mostly the same length and have the same pattern of rhyme and meter.
Which of these terms describes the occurrence of the same or similar sounds at the end of two or more words?
rhyme
Which from of poetry gives a brief description of nature?
haiku
Which of these types of poetry did Shakespeare often use in his plays?
blank verse
What is a refrain?
a poetic line placed at regular intervals, often at the end of each stanza
Which of these is poem that is meant to be sung?
ballad
What is usually the subject of an elegy?
death
What is determined from scansion?
meter
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