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6 Written questions

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. Greek word for city-state
  2. Slaves to the Spartans that revolted and nearly destroyed Sparta in 650 B.C.E.
  3. system of government in which all 'citizens' (however defined) have equal political and legal rights, privileges, and protections, as in the Greek city-state of Athens in the fifth and fourth centuries B.C.E.
  4. Athenian reformer of the 6th century; established laws that eased the burden of debt on farmers, forbade enslavement for debt
  5. a central area in Greek cities used both as a marketplace and as a meeting place

5 True/False questions

  1. acropolisGreek word for city-state


  2. oligarchyGreek biographer of the first to early second century AD. Author of Parallel Lives which compared famous men of classical Greece and republican Rome.


  3. hoplite
    Heavily armored Greek infantryman of the Archaic and Classical periods who fought in the close-packed phalanx formation. _____________ armies-militias composed of middle- and upper-class citizens supplying their own equipment. Famously defeated superior numbers of opponents by fighting as a unit.


  4. phalanx
    term for the battle formation of Greek hoplites; it consisted of tightly packed rows of hoplites, typically 8 ranks deep. The formation was suited for fighting on level ground but did not work well in difficult terrain.


  5. PisistratusAristocrat who seized power of Athens in 560 B.C. (6th Century) Built up trade, thus enriching Athens. Instituted a policy of transferring land from the nobles back to the peasants, gaining support from the lower classes. Under his leadership, the olive oil trade exploded, increasing the wealth Greece.