Early Civilization in South Asia

Terms in this set (84)

founder Siddhartha Gautama-came from kshatriyas caste
followed a ascetic life which offered him no enlightenment as to how to he might escape sorrows of mortal existence
so he abondoned extreme ascetism and meditated for 49 days under a fig tree and saw a glimpse of enlightenment
said there is no good, no being, no immortal soul
this denial of god is what kept hindus away
appealed to kshatriyas and vaisyas
dharma was the law of righteousness or proper behavior
path of enlightenment-Middle path
Theravada-each text was located in 3 separate baskets-Tripitaka
born in India within in culture of Hinduism and chartered its own path
lost out in competition to Hinduism and its priesthood
unlike Hinduism, it had a founder, a set of originating scriptures and an order of monks
like Hinduism it questioned the rality of this earthly world and sepculatedthe existence of other worlds
Four Noble Truths
8 Fold Path-Middle Way
reach nirvana
believed in reincarnation
world is created and destroyed over and over again
rejected idea of many gods of Hinduism
rejected caste system and the privileges of the Brahmin priests
final goal are similar: moksha for Hindus and nirvana for Buddhists
both perfect state of understanding and a break from chain of reincarnation
laborers and craftspeople were followers
accepted women but thought a distraction
gained popularity in northeast India
monks and nuns spread religion
took vows to live life of pverty, not to marry and ne non violent
missionaries only carried a begging bowl to receive charity
monstaries came about
teachings writt
en down after his death
religion gradually disapeared in India
Hinduism absorbed it
Hindus thought Buddha to be one of the 10 incarnations of Vishnu
traders also spread Buddhism along Silk Route
most widespread religion in East Asia
ideal of self denial proved difficult for many to follow
after he died many different interpretations
Buddha had forbidden people to worship him, some began to teach that he was god
also believed many could become Buddhas