AP Psychology modules 45-51

Alcohol is a teratogen that can slip through the _______ and damage the fetus or embryo
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Neural networks grow more complex bybranching outward to form multiple connectionsYour friend's baby brother, Matt, loves to play with his pet cat. When he sees a puppy, he points and calls it. "Mi Mi," which is what he calls his cat. Matt is demonstrating Piaget's process ofAssimilationIf you showed a 2-year-old that you'd hidden a toy behind the bed in a model of her bedroom, she would not be able to find the toy in her real bedroom because she lackssymbolic thinkingVygotsky called the space between what a child could learn with and without help thezone of proximal developmentWhich of the following is a current belief of researchers that differs from Piaget's original theories?Object permanence develops earlier that Piaget believedWhich of the following cognitive abilities is possible only at the formal operational stage?Using hypothetical situations as the basis of moral reasoningWhich of the following identifies children's difficulty seeing another's perspectiveEgocentric thinkerWhich of the following would indicate that a child understood conservation?She would believe that a clay snake would have the same amount of clay as the clay ball that was used to make itAn 18-month-old typically recognizes herself in a mirror. This self-awareness contributes toself-conceptIn the attachment studies conducted with infant monkeys, what did the Harlows find?contact comfort was the most important factor in attachmentWhat do we call an optimal window of opportunity for proper development?The critical periodWhich of the following identifies the parenting style most likely to ground a teen who had missed a curfew-and to explain the rationale for doing so, after considering the teen's reasons?AuthoritativeWhich of the following would be considered a sign of secure attachment in a one-year-old?Becoming distress when the parent leaves and seeking contact on returnWho identified secure and insecure attachment?Mary AinsworthAccording to research, which type of aggression is more common among males than females?harmful physical aggressionGender____ are the social expectations that guide men and women's behavior. Gender______ is a person's sense of being male or female.Roles; identityWhich of the following is generally true of males?They are more likely to commit suicideDiego likes to play sports and video games whereas Sara likes to sing, dance, and play "house". This example best depicts which of the following?gender typingCarol Gilligan's research emphasizes prominent female characteristics, especiallyMaking social connectionsAccording to Plomin and Daniels, "Two children in the same family are (apart from their shared genes) as different from ________ as are pairs of children selected randomly from the population."one anotherCompared with rats raised in an enriched environment, which of the following is true of rats raised in isolation?their brain cortex is less developedWhat is the primary means by which parents influence the behavior of their children?genetic contributionsNeurologically, what is the function of pruning?Pruning eliminates unused neural pathwaysThe growth of ____ around axons speeds neurotransmission, enabling better communication between the frontal lobe and other brain regions.myelinThe maturation of the brain's ____ lags behind the development of the limbic system, which may explain the impulsivity of teenagers compared with adults.frontal lobes____ believed that child's moral judgments build on cognitive development. _____ agreed and sought to describe the development of moral reasoning.Kohlnerg; EriksonWhich level of moral reasoning includes a focus on upholding laws in order to gain social approval?conventionalWhat development in adolescents allows for greater impulse control?frontal lobe maturation in late adolescenceWhich of Jean Piaget's stages describes typical adolescent thinking?formal operationalWhich of the following correctly describes one of Kohlberg's levels of moral reasoning?Preconventional stage, where moral judgment depends on rewards and punishments