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what is the difference between the classical and baroque eras
Classical is lighter/melodic; Baroque is more extravagant
what events and cultural trends defined the Classical era
Death of Louis XIV, the Enlightenment, 2 revolutions, and classicism
what ideas were associated with the enlightenment
philosophers - dare to think, rise of public sphere, favor humans over divine, favor reason over faith, favor clarity not extravagance
what is the multi-movement cycle that symphonies, string quartets, and sonata follows
1st movement: sonata-allegro, 2nd movement: slow and lyrical, 3rd movement: minuet and trio, 4th movement: rondo
what do Haydn and Mozart often do in their music to delight the audience
practical jokes, humor and wit
what does Beethoven express in his Heiligenstadt Testament
he contemplates suicide because he was going deaf and he was known for his good ear, he was embarrassed
what are the 3 main periods of Beethoven's work
early phase (classical style), middle phase (heroic period), last phase (avant-garde period)
what are some of the core values of the Romantic movements
individualism, emotional expression, nature, supernatural/escape, nationalism and folklore
how is romantic music different from classical music
bigger, louder, more expressive, music is less structured
which genres during the romantic period may be programmatic
symphony, string quartets, sonatas, concertos, piano miniatures, symphonic poems
if I tell you it has multiple movements, and I give you some sort of programmatic text, title, or image, it's a
if I tell you there's only one movement, and I give you some sort of programmatic text, title, or image, it's a
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