Upgrade to remove ads
Odyssey Book 16-24
Terms in this set (102)
(Book 16) How does Eumaeus react to Telemachus' sudden appearance at his door?
rushes to Telemachus, kisses/hugs him, crying, welcomes him as a father would
(Book 16) What seems to be Odysseus' reaction to his son's appearance?
very silent at first, stunned, like he is looking at a mirror image at his age, cannot say anything or he would cry
(Book 16) What comment from Telemachus moves Odysseus to speak?
Telemachus says that the suitors are too strong, it is too hard for him to win against them
(Book 16) What is the point that Odysseus is making with his words?
to keep fighting even if they die in the process
(Book 16) How does Odysseus' appearance change after he steps outside the hut?
turns back into Odysseus, taller, younger, tan, firmed jawline
(Book 16) How does Telemachus react to Odysseus' change at first?
terrified, he thinks O. is a god
(Book 16) Why does Odysseus gently scold Telemachus?
to calm him down, he says it is unseemly for a prince to behave this way
(Book 16) LIST the steps in Odysseus' plan to prepare for revenge on the suitors
1. Telemachus will go down first to the city
2. Odysseus as the beggar and Eumaeus will go down
3. At a sign from Odysseus, Telemachus will remove the armor from the main hall, leaving 2 weapons of each for them
4. Telemachus must not let anyone know the beggar is Odysseus
(Book 16) How does Telemachus demonstrate his own good judgement?
He advises Odysseus to revise his plan - to find the women and question them to get information
(Book 17) Why does Telemachus speak so unkindly about the beggar to Eumaeus?
to keep up the act that Odysseus is just an old beggar and he means nothing special to him
(Book 17) How does Penelope greet Telemachus after his return?
hugs and kisses him, calls him "sweet light of my eyes", weeps, asks about everything he saw
(Book 17) When Piraeus asks Telemachus to send someone to pick up the gifts from Menelaus he has been storing, Tel.'s reply shows his state of mind about the attack on the suitors. How does he seem to feel about it?
he says he does not know what will happen - if he does get killed, he would much rather have Piraeus have the gifts, and if he can get rid of the suitors, then Piraeus can bring them to him
(Book 17) What TWO pieces of news encourage Penelope to believe Odysseus is still alive, and WHO gives her each one?
1. Telemachus - Menelaus told Tel. that he has seen O. on Calypso (got info from Proteus)
2. Theoclymenus - he swears to Penelope that Odysseus is on Ithaca right now (bird sign)
(Book 17) Who is Melanthius and how does he test Odysseus' self-control?
Dolius' son, a goat-herder - he kicks Odysseus and insults him
(Book 17) Who recognizes Odysseus before he enters the hall? What happens to this individual following the moment of recognition?
Argos - Odysseus' dog, he dies
(Book 17) For what reason besides getting food and alms does Odysseus beg among the suitors?
to see which of the suitors are decent and which are traitorous
(Book 17) What is Athena's opinion on determining which men should die?
all should die
(Book 17) Note Antinous' cruel words to and treatment of the beggar. WHY does this worry the other suitors?
the beggar could be a god
(Book 17) On page 372 Penelope laughs. How might one explain this laughter in one who is generally so sad?
she is talking about if Odysseus was home how he would get rid of the suitors, and Telemachus sneezes, she takes this as a sign of hope from the gods
(Book 17) Why won't Odysseus go to Penelope as soon as she sends Eumaeus to get the beggar?
he does not want to draw attention to himself with the suitors - does not want him to see him with Penelope
(Book 17) When the swineherd conveys the beggar's refusal to come to Penelope, she responds with many questions. What do her impatience and curiosity suggest to you?
she thinks the beggar may be Odysseus
(Book 18) Who is Irus and what is his challenge to Odysseus?
beggar, challenging to fight for begging rights at the door of the palace
(Book 18) How does Antinous react to this situation?
sees the opportunity for a fight - entertainment
(Book 18) Why are Irus and the suitors surprised when the old beggar prepares to fight?
he looks stronger - muscles ripple through his rags (Athena's work)
(Book 18) Why does Odysseus hold back during the fight? How does it end?
He does not want to stand out to the suitors - he smashes Irus' jaw and drags him outside
(Book 18) Why is Amphinomus uneasy after the beggar talks to him?
he wants to leave but is compelled to stay (Athena makes him stay)
(Book 18) Why is Penelope suddenly taken with the impulse to go down among the suitors? Note the beauty treatment she receives first.
cleans face with ambrosia, whiter skin, taller and fuller
Athena inspires her (O. was getting soft because he warned Amphinomus, she wants to make O. furious)
(Book 18) What does Penelope do to the suitors which delights Odysseus?
she tells them to send someone to their homeland to bring back a gift for her
(Book 18) What is Melantho (the goatherd Melanthius' sister) like?
mean, mocks Odysseus shamelessly
(Book 18) Who calms the angry suitors and talks them into leaving for the night?
(Book 19) What does Telemachus do as this book begins?
he stows away the weapons in the store room
(Book 19) During the beggar's interview with Penelope, does she suspect the beggar's true identity?
Yes 0 she says to Eurycleia "come and wash your master's... equal in years." like she was going to say "master's feet"
(Book 19) Quote two epithets for Odysseus that appears in this chapter
old soldier, master of craft, great master of sublety, man of many trails, master improviser, son of pain
(Book 19) Quote two epithets for Penelope from this book
discreet Penelope, wise Penelope, reserved Penelope, cautious Penelope
(Book 19) How does Eurycleia recognize Odysseus?
scar on leg from boar
(Book 19) Describe Penelope's dream.
eagle attacks 20 geese, Odysseus comes to her and says he is the eagle and the suitors are the geese, all suitors will perish
(Book 19) Near the end of this book what does Penelope propose to do?
start a contest to choose a husband - trail of O.'s bow
(Book 19) What are Penelope's last remarks to the beggar?
she feels so at ease with him, but she must leave him and go to bed
(Book 20) Why does Odysseus become angry with the maids?
they were spending the night with the suitors
(Book 20) Note the epic simile that describes Odysseus' tossing and turning. Why can't he sleep?
sausages cooking in a pan, he is wondering how to get all the suitors in his clutches at the same time and how to avoid their avengers
(Book 20) How does Athena reassure him?
tells him she and Zeus are behind him
(Book 20) Note Penelope's pray to Artemis.
asks her to take her life, she is overwhelmed by grief
(Book 20) How are the dreams of Odysseus and Penelope similar?
both dream they are with each other
(Book 20) What was the sign that Odysseus saw as the day began?
thunder and a clear sky
(Book 20) What does Melanthius say to the beggar?
still rude and arrogant, tells him to go away or he will beat his brains out
(Book 20) Who treats the beggar kindly? Why is he so touched by the beggar's predicament?
Philoetius (cow herd), he is touched because his master could be in a similar situation in a foreign land
(Book 20) What are the suitors planning this morning? Who speaks against their plans?
to kill Telemachus, Amphinomus (another bird sign)
(Book 20) After one suitor, Ctessipus, throws a cow's hoof at the beggar, how does Telemachus show his maturity?
he says he would not suffer his guests to be abused and would rather die than let that happen
(Book 20) What is Theoclymenus' prophecy?
All suitors will die.
(Book 20) At the chapter's end, what are the suitors, Telemachus, and Penelope doing?
suitors - mocking, jeering Tel's guests
Telemachus - waiting for a sign from O.
Penelope - sitting on a chair listening to the suitors
(Book 21) The passage describing Penelope entering the storeroom appeals to which of the reader's senses?
sight, smell, hearing, touch (everything but taste)
(Book 21) What are the swineherd's and cowherd's reactions to Penelope's announcement of the test of the bow?
(Book 21) Who tries first to string the bow? Is he successful?
Telemachus - he would have been on his fourth try, but Odysseus shook his head no
(Book 21) What does Antinous suggest to make the test less difficult?
heat and limber the bow with fat
(Book 21) When Odysseus slips out of the hall, he is using this opportunity to speak to whom?
Eumaeus and Philoetius
(Book 21) How does Odysseus reveal his identity to them?
scar on leg
(Book 21) What are the orders Odysseus gives them?
Eumaeus - give him the bow when the time is right and tell the women to lock the doors of their rooms and not come out, regardless of what they hear
Philoetius - lock the courtyard's outer gate
(Book 21) What does Antinous suggest when it is his turn to attempt the test of the bow?
postpone till tomorrow and offer libations to Apollo
(Book 21) The beggar asks permission to try the bow, which Antinous refuses. Who insists that the beggar be given that opportunity?
Penelope, she says if he can she will clothe him
(Book 21) How do you explain Telemachus' sharp remarks to his mother?
1. showing his authority as a Prince of Ithaca
2. Getting his mother out of harm's way
3. making sure P. does not see the slaughter of the suitors
(Book 21) Note the epic simile which describes Odysseus' handling of his bow.
like an expert musician handling and stringing his lyre
(Book 21) Describe the atmosphere at the end of this book.
Tension, suitors are terrified, tense but in a quiet way
(Book 22) What small moment of action does Homer describe in slow motion?
Antinous tilting the cup of wine to his lips, his death - arrow in the throat
(Book 22) Notice how Odysseus annoucned his presence. Who immediately tries to make a deal with him?
(Book 22) When Eurymachus tries to rally the men to rush Odysseus, what is the result?
he is shot in the chest with an arrow
(Book 22) How is Telemachus' first action in the fight ironic?
He stabs Amphinomous - O. tried to save him
(Book 22) Who aids the suitors by bringing them weapons and armor?
(Book 22) What do Eumaeus and Philoetius do when they catch Melanthius?
hang him from the hands and feet
(Book 22) In whose form does Athena appear now? Why does she only offer verbal encouragement at this point?
to test O. to see if he really wants to win and show this through the actions he takes
(Book 22) What is the strategy of the remaining suitors?
to hurl their spears all at Odysseus at the same time
(Book 22) Does this work?
No, Athena steers them off target
(Book 22) Two men humble themselves at Odysseus' feet, begging for mercy. Who are they and how does he respond to each?
Leodes (seerer) - he beheaded him
Phemius (bard) - Tel. tells O. he is innocent, Odysseus spares him
(Book 22) What has become of Medon, the messenger?
he has been hiding under an ox-hide covering a chair
(Book 22) Does Odysseus demonstrate any hubris after this victory? Explain if he does or does not.
No, he checks the zeal (rejoicing) of Euryclaeia
(Book 22) What must the disloyal maidservants do before they are hanged?
drag out the bodies of the suitors from the main hall and clean the hall
(Book 22) What is Melanthius's fate?
ears, nose, legs, and arms were cut off, then his organs were torn out and eaten by dogs
(Book 22) Describe the scene which ends this chapter
There is a fire to purify the house, O. is overcome by longing, breaks down and weeps
(Book 23) Why is Penelope angry with Eurycleia when the old nurse awakens her?
She thinks E. is mocking her when she tells Pen. Her husband is home
(Book 23) Why does Penelope find it difficult to accept the truth?
O has been gone so long and she does not want to be disappointed again
(Book 23) What does Odysseus do when Penelope comes downstairs?
He stands there looking down and waits for her to make the first move - she remains quiet
(Book 23) What does Telemachus say to his mother?
she is cruel and hard hearted
(Book 23) How does Penelope reply to Telemachus after he scolds her for not talking to Odysseus?
O. and her have secret signs that only they know so O. can prove to her that he is really who he says he is
(Book 23) Note Odysseus' comment to Telemachus.
He says for Tel. to leave her to test him. He smiles at the idea (he knows she will believe him)
(Book 23) Why does Odysseus not want word of his return spread yet?
He has to escape before the relatives of the suitors come after him for vengeance
(Book 23) When does Odysseus finally resume his true appearance?
During/after the bathing process but AFTER he gives orders for it to seem that a celebration is taking place
(Book 23) How does Penelope test Odysseus?
she tells Eurycleia to go and move the bed of hers so the beggar could sleep on it (it cannot be moved because it is rooted in the tree), O. is furious, she knows it is him
(Book 23) In what way is Penelope like her husband?
cunning, crafty, able to lie
(Book 23) What is so special about the bed?
it is built into a living tree
(Book 23) Note the epic simile which describes how Odysseus feels to be reunited with his wife at last.
joy when a shipwrecked sailor reaches land
(Book 23) Now that Odysseus has revealed himself to Penelope, what does Athena do for them?
hold back the night so they have time to talk and be reacquainted
(Book 23) What task remains for Odysseus to do in order to be at peace with Poseidon?
Go to Greek mainland and hold an oar until a traveler asks if it is a fan for winnowing grain, then he will plant the oar on the ground and sacrifice wonderful animals to Poseidon
(Book 23) Where is Odysseus' destination at the end of this book?
to his father at the upland farm
(Book 24) Who leads the suitors to the Underworld?
(Book 24) Why does Homer have them meet Agamemnon?
wants to tie up loose ends and prove to A. that not all women are faithless as his wife
(Book 24) Note the way Amphimedon, a dead suitor, tells the story of their fate. What important detail does he misinterpret?
He says that Penelope was plotting with O. to kill them and that she plotted their deaths with him and Tel. UNTRUE
(Book 24) Describe Odysseus' meeting with his father, Laertes.
His father is in the fields working like a slave. O. makes up a tale about himself and causes undue distress to Laertes. Then O relents and tells him he really IS his son, but Laertes wants proof. O shows him the scar as well as telling him the significance of the trees that line the orchard. Then L believes him
(Book 24) What does Athena do for Laertes?
makes him taller, stronger, and younger
(Book 24) How might one explain Odysseus' gruffness with old Dolius?
Dolius is the father of Melanthius and Melantho who have just been killed for their collusion with the suitors. O is probably not feeling to kindly about them and this might transfer his feelings to Dolius.
(Book 24) What does Eupithes, Antinous' father, want the Ithicans to do when he hears of the slaughter?
avenge their deaths
(Book 24) How do Zeus and Athena intend to end this cycle of revenge?
Bring about peace for all and have all those involved forget the circumstances surrounding the slaughter
(Book 24) Whose death do they allow first?
Euphites - killed by Laertes with a spear
(Book 24) In what form does Athena establish peace?
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Odyssey Book 16-24 Characters
The Odyssey: Books 16, 17, 21, 22, 23
Chase Wettstein The Odyssey books 5-12 Test #2
Act 4 and 5 King Lear Quotes
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Odyssey Chapter 13-20
The Iliad Questions
A Monster Calls
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
ER 76 Part II
ER 76, Part I
Columbus 3, 4, 5 Vocab
Columbus, 1-2 Vocab