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Adolescent Psych Exam 2
Terms in this set (26)
The process by which people acquire the behaviors and beliefs of their culture
Ability to comply with social norms
For roles in work, gender, and institutions such as marriage/parenthood
Cultivation of Sources of Meaning
"what's to be lived for"
What cultures define
The range and focus of acceptable personal variation
What cultures differ in
The degree of restrictiveness they impose
Set of guidelines about relations between individuals, society, and divine forces
Something that naturally happens at a certain age
Fowler's theory of Changes in Religious Beliefs
Poetic Conventional Faith - Early adolescence
awareness of symbolism
Individuating Reflective Faith - late adolescence/emerging adulthood
Piaget's Moral Development Theory
Heteronomous Morality: "You can't change the rules! My mother made them!"
Autonomous Morality: "Dropping the glass on accident isn't as bad as dropping the glass on purpose."
Kohlberg's Moral Reasoning Theory
Preconventional: Based on perceptions of likelihood of external reward or punishment
Conventional: Right is what agrees with rules established by tradition and authority
Postconventional: What is right is derived from universal principles
Individual is primary moral authority having right to do as they wish as long as their behavior does no harm to others.
Responsibilities of roles in the family and community are basis for moral judgments.
Individual is a spiritual entity subject to the prescriptions of a divine authority
Adelson's Hypothetical Dilemma
"Imagine that a thousand men and women, dissatisfied with the way things are going in this country, decide to purchase and move to an island in the Pacific where they must devise laws and modes of government"
The process by which people acquire the behaviors and beliefs of their culture. Three outcomes are self-regulation, role preparation, and cultivation of sources of meaning.
Broad and Narrow Socialization
Processes by which cultural members adopt the values and beliefs of an individualistic or collectivistic culture.
Refers to the social categories of male and female
Refers to the biological status of being male or female
Four Areas Where Lives of Girls are Constricted
Communal Manhood (17th Century)
Focus on gender expectations for adolescent boys was on preparing to assume adult role responsibilities in work and marriage
Self-Made Manhood (19th Century)
Males were increasingly expected to become independent from their families in adolescence and emerging adulthood.
Passionate Manhood (20th century)
Passionate emotions such as anger and sexual desire became regarded more favorably as part of the manhood ideal. Self-expression and self-enjoyment replaced self-control and self-denial as the paramount virtues.
Theory of Gender
Gender is a fundamental way of organizing ideas about the world. As adolescents become more capable of reflecting on these issues, they become more concerned with compliance to gender norms for themselves and others.
Self-reliant, Analytical, dominant, ambitious, assertive, independent, aggressive, athletic, individualistic, competitive
Compassionate, shy, loyal, understanding, cheerful, affectionate, sympathetic, child-like, tender, gullible
Sets with similar terms
Cultural Beliefs (Chapter 4)
Psychology of Adolescence Chp 4 & 5
Chapter 4 psyc 302
HDFS Ch 7 Vocab- Early Childhood
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