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Biology Chapters 6, 7, 8: Energy, Enzymes, Photosynthesis, Cellular Respiration and Fermentation
The process of changing one set of chemicals into another set of chemicals
Chemicals that enter the reaction
Chemicals that are formed or produced as a result of the reaction
In an energy-absorbing reaction, the products have ______ energy than the reactants.
In an energy-releasing reaction, the products have ______ energy than the reactants.
heat, light, sound, motion
Energy can be released as _____________________. (Four Options, Separate each by Comma)
The process of absorbing light energy and storing it as glucose
The breakdown of glucose into ATP
The energy needed to get a reaction started
Substance that speeds up a chemical reaction by lowering activation energy. Does not affect substance
Proteins that speed up virtually every important reaction that takes place in cells. Can be catalysts
Enzymes are very specific. They generally catalyze only ___ type of reaction.
Enzymes and __________ fit together like a lock and key. Very Specific shapes
Enzymes end with the letters _____ (Use hypen)
Substrates are the _________ of enzyme-catalyzed reactions.
The specific region of the enzyme where the substrates attach.
Enzymes help convert a substrate into a __________.
__________ can be used repeatedly for the same type of reaction.
Temperature, Salt Concentration, and pH
What affects enzyme activity?
6H2O + 6CO2 + Light Energy to C6H12O6 + 6O2
What is the summary equation for photosynthesis?
ADP + P + energy to ATP
What is the ATP synthesis equation?
Catabolic reactions: ______ molecules to _______ molecules
Anabolic reactions: ______ molecules to _______ molecules
C6H12O6 + 6O2 to 6H2O + 6CO2 + Energy
What is the Cellular Respiration summary equation?
Energy Carrier Molecule
What is ATP?
What is ADP?
Where does energy for all of life's processes come from?
Cellular Respiration and Fermentation
How do living things use the products of photosynthesis to make ATP?
Light Dependent Reactions and Light Independent Reactions
Two main events of Photosynthesis.
Glycolosis, Kreb's Cycle, and Electron Transport Chain
Three Steps of Cellular Respiration
Cyptoplasm of cell
Where does glycolosis occur?
Releases 6CO2, NADH, FADH2, and 2 ATP
What does Kreb's cycle do?
32 or 34 ATP
How many ATP molecules are generated from the Electron Transport Chain?
Electron Transport Chain
When is oxygen used in Cellular Respiration?
If there isn't any O2 available in glycolosis, then glucose ________ into 2ATP + 2 Ethyl alcohol + 2CO2