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Perspectives on The Family - Concepts Revision
Terms in this set (15)
The Stabilisation of Adult Personalities
The emotional and psychological security one gets from being within a stable, married relationship.
A society where social institutions and are dominated by male interests, and run by men and work in the interests of men.
Teaching basic skills and norms and values of society to young children, such as manners, toilet training, how to dress, and even how to speak and how to chew and walk.
Functional Fit Theory
Talcott Parson's theory that the type of family evolves to meet the changing needs of society.... the nuclear family emerges because it fits industrial society
where women have to do paid work and domestic work (household chores and child care)
Where women have to do paid work, domestic work and emotion work.
Ideological Functions of the nuclear family
Where the nuclear family oppresses the powerless into serving the needs of those in power. Mainly associated with the Marxist idea that the family meets the needs of capitalism.
The Negotiated Family
A family generally characterized by a high degree of equality whose structure and roles arise out of an equal discussion between both partners. A 'typical' family in late modern society
The Pure Relationship
Where the relationship exists for its own sake - to meet the needs of the two people in it, rather than the needs of society, or people staying together for the sake of tradition. A 'typical' relationship in late modern society
Where people act as individuals (put themselves first) because structural changes in society have made this the only rational course of action. A criticism of Postmodernism
The instrumental role
The 'breadwinner' role - associated with men in the traditional nuclear family - involves going out to work and earning money
The expressive role
The caring role - associated with women in the traditional nuclear family
The family as a unit of consumption
The Marxist idea that under a Capitalist system which requires high levels of consumption, the main function of the family becomes that of consuming goods rather than producing them.
Encouraged by advertising to children - where children put pressure on their parents to buy them things - in Marxist Theory this keeps Capitalism going.
The March of Progress View of family life
Associated with Liberal Feminism - the idea that family life is gradually improving for women and children. Linked to the idea of there being greater symmetry (equality) between the sexes in relationships