American fundamentalist minister; he used colorful language and powerful sermons to drive home the message of salvation through Jesus and to oppose radical and progressive groups.
Most instense outbreak of national alarm, began in 1919. Success of communists in Russia, American radicals embracing communism followed by a series of mail bombings frightened Americans. Attorney General A. MItchell Palmer led effort to deport aliens without due processs, with widespread support. Did not last long as some Americans came to their senses. Sacco/Vanzetti trial demonstrated anti-foreign feeling in 20's. Accused of armed robbery & murder, had alibis. "Those anarchists bastards". Sentenced to death and executed.
A. Mitchell Palmer
Attorney General who rounded up many suspects who were thought to be un-American and socialistic; he helped to increase the Red Scare; he was nicknamed the "Fighting Quaker" until a bomb destroyed his home; he then had a nervous breakdown and became known as the "Quaking Fighter."
Sacco and Vanzetti case
Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti were Italian immigrants charged with murdering a guard and robbing a shoe factory in Braintree Mass. The trial lasted from 1920-1927. Convicted on circumstantial evidence; many believed they had been framed for the crime because of their anarchist and pro-union activities.
Immigration Act of 1924
This was passed in 1924--cut quotas for foreigners from 3 % to 2% of the total number of immigrants in 1890--purpose was to freeze America's existing racial composition (which was largely Northern European) --prevented Japanese from immigrating, causing outrage in Japan.
believed in pluralism (preservation of identity) ; U.S. should provide protective canopy for ethnic & racial groups, believed in pluralism (preservation of identity) ;; U.S. should provide protective canopy for ethnic & racial groups
"Scarface" United States gangster who terrorized Chicago during Prohibition until arrested for tax evasion (1899-1947)
Charles A. Lindbergh
He was the first person to fly to paris france a trans atlantic flight; flew The Spirit of St.Lewis
was a poet, dramatist, and literary critic. He received the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1948. Among his most famous writings are the poems The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock, The Waste Land, The Hollow Men, Ash Wednesday and Four Quartets; the plays Murder in the Cathedral and The Cocktail Party; and the essay "Tradition and the Individual Talent".
Bureau of Budget
1921 Republican Congress created ;; director was to aid President in preparing estimates of receipts & expenditures for submission to Congress as annual budget
Orville and Wilbur, Orville & Wilbur Wright ;; Dec. 17, 1903 "the miracle at Kitty Hawk", NC ;; first flight
United States singer (born in Russia) who appeared in the first full-length talking film (1886-1950)
United States feminist (1885-1977), Marched with the suffragist in England , was jailed and went on a hunger strike all to help British woman win the vote. returned home to support the cause of the suffrage for American woman
Said that human behavior is irrational; behavior is the outcome of conflict between the id (irrational unconscious driven by sexual, aggressive, and pleasure-seeking desires) and ego (rationalizing conscious, what one can do) and superego (ingrained moral values, what one should do).
Many poor urban blacks turned to him. He was head of the Universal Negro Improvement Association and he urged black economic cooperation and founded a chain of UNIA grocery stores and other business
Conservative Christians who as a group have become more active in politics in the last two decades and were especially influential in the 2000 presidential election.
John T. Scopes, John Scopes trial became known as this. • Clarence Darrow headed the ACLU's team of lawyers, and William Jennings Bryan eagerly accepted an invitation to assist the prosecution
William Jennings Bryan
United States lawyer and politician who advocated free silver and prosecuted John Scopes (1925) for teaching evolution in a Tennessee high school (1860-1925)
secratary of tresury 1921-33, beleived that the depression should run its course and that natural market forces would restore to full employment
1925 The Man Nobody Knows (Jesus Christ was perfect salesman & all advertisers should study his techniques)