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American Pageant Chapter 31

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Billy Sunday
American fundamentalist minister; he used colorful language and powerful sermons to drive home the message of salvation through Jesus and to oppose radical and progressive groups.
red scare
Most instense outbreak of national alarm, began in 1919. Success of communists in Russia, American radicals embracing communism followed by a series of mail bombings frightened Americans. Attorney General A. MItchell Palmer led effort to deport aliens without due processs, with widespread support. Did not last long as some Americans came to their senses. Sacco/Vanzetti trial demonstrated anti-foreign feeling in 20's. Accused of armed robbery & murder, had alibis. "Those anarchists bastards". Sentenced to death and executed.
A. Mitchell Palmer
Attorney General who rounded up many suspects who were thought to be un-American and socialistic; he helped to increase the Red Scare; he was nicknamed the "Fighting Quaker" until a bomb destroyed his home; he then had a nervous breakdown and became known as the "Quaking Fighter."
Buford
"Soviet Ark" ; 249 alien radicals deported to Soviet Union
Sacco and Vanzetti case
Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti were Italian immigrants charged with murdering a guard and robbing a shoe factory in Braintree Mass. The trial lasted from 1920-1927. Convicted on circumstantial evidence; many believed they had been framed for the crime because of their anarchist and pro-union activities.
KKK
a secret society of white Southerners in the United States
Emergency Quota Act of 1921
1921 Act that stipulates only 3% of 1910 immigrants are allowed in
Immigration Act of 1924
This was passed in 1924--cut quotas for foreigners from 3 % to 2% of the total number of immigrants in 1890--purpose was to freeze America's existing racial composition (which was largely Northern European) --prevented Japanese from immigrating, causing outrage in Japan.
Horace Kallen
believed in pluralism (preservation of identity) ; U.S. should provide protective canopy for ethnic & racial groups, believed in pluralism (preservation of identity) ;; U.S. should provide protective canopy for ethnic & racial groups
Prohibition
a law forbidding the sale of alcoholic beverages; 18th Amendment
drys
supported prohibition
wets
people who drank and smuggled alcohol; opposed prohibition
noble experiment
Another name for prohibition
bootlegging
the act of making of transporting alcoholic liquor for sale illegally
Al Capone
"Scarface" United States gangster who terrorized Chicago during Prohibition until arrested for tax evasion (1899-1947)
Charles A. Lindbergh
He was the first person to fly to paris france a trans atlantic flight; flew The Spirit of St.Lewis
John Dewey
United States pragmatic philosopher who advocated progressive education (1859-1952)
Model T
Tin Lizzie
D.W. Griffith
The Birth of a Nation
H.L. Mencken
American Mercury
F. Scott Fitzgerald
The Great Gatsby
Ernest Hemingway
The Sun Also Rises, A Farewell to Arms
Sincliar Lewis
Main Street Babbit
William Faulkner
The Sound and The Fury
Ezra Pound
poet ;; "Make It New" doctrine
T.S. Eliot
was a poet, dramatist, and literary critic. He received the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1948. Among his most famous writings are the poems The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock, The Waste Land, The Hollow Men, Ash Wednesday and Four Quartets; the plays Murder in the Cathedral and The Cocktail Party; and the essay "Tradition and the Individual Talent".
Frank Lloyd Wright
influential United States architect (1869-1959)
Bureau of Budget
1921 Republican Congress created ;; director was to aid President in preparing estimates of receipts & expenditures for submission to Congress as annual budget
Fordism
system of standardized mass production attributed to Henry Ford
Wright Brothers
Orville and Wilbur, Orville & Wilbur Wright ;; Dec. 17, 1903 "the miracle at Kitty Hawk", NC ;; first flight
Guglielmo Marconi
Italian electrical engineer known as the father of radio (1874-1937)
Al Jolson
United States singer (born in Russia) who appeared in the first full-length talking film (1886-1950)
Margaret Sanger
United States nurse who campaigned for birth control and planned parenthood
Alice Paul
United States feminist (1885-1977), Marched with the suffragist in England , was jailed and went on a hunger strike all to help British woman win the vote. returned home to support the cause of the suffrage for American woman
Flappers
Young women of the 1920s that behaved and dressed in a radical fashion
Sigmund Freud
Said that human behavior is irrational; behavior is the outcome of conflict between the id (irrational unconscious driven by sexual, aggressive, and pleasure-seeking desires) and ego (rationalizing conscious, what one can do) and superego (ingrained moral values, what one should do).
W.C. Handy
born in Florence; popularized many Blues songs during the 1920s
Langston Hughes
Harlems best known writer
Marcus Garvey
Many poor urban blacks turned to him. He was head of the Universal Negro Improvement Association and he urged black economic cooperation and founded a chain of UNIA grocery stores and other business
UNIA
Universal Negro Improvement Association started by Marcus Garvey.
H.L. Mencken
American Mercury
Fundamentalists
Conservative Christians who as a group have become more active in politics in the last two decades and were especially influential in the 2000 presidential election.
Monkey Trial
John T. Scopes, John Scopes trial became known as this. • Clarence Darrow headed the ACLU's team of lawyers, and William Jennings Bryan eagerly accepted an invitation to assist the prosecution
William Jennings Bryan
United States lawyer and politician who advocated free silver and prosecuted John Scopes (1925) for teaching evolution in a Tennessee high school (1860-1925)
Clarence Darrow
John T. Scope's
Andrew Mellon
secratary of tresury 1921-33, beleived that the depression should run its course and that natural market forces would restore to full employment
Bruce Barton
1925 The Man Nobody Knows (Jesus Christ was perfect salesman & all advertisers should study his techniques)
Jack Dempsey
United States prizefighter who was world heavyweight champion (1895-1983)
Frederick Taylor
an American efficiency engineer who wrote "The Principles of Scientific Management", which earned him the title "father of scientific management"