Terms in this set (50)
Name which region that defied the common pattern of growing Western domination in the 19th century.
Russia and Japan
Describe the development of Russia and Japan to1900.
Japan outstripped Russia's industrial gains by 1900
Name a significant difference between Russia and Japan.
Name a significant similarity between Russia and Japan during the period of industrialization prior to 1914.
They both had prior experience of imitation
Describe the root of Russia's fear about Westernization in the first decades of the 19th century.
The French Revolution
Name the nations that were linked together in the Holy Alliance that grouped conservative monarchies together in defense of religion and the status quo in 1815.
Russia, Prussia, and Austria
Name the Russian revolt inspired by Western values in 1825.
| Describe what accounts for Russia's lack of significant revolution in 1830 and 1848.
Describe Russian territorial expansion
Russia continued to be a dynamic diplomatic
Describe the Russian economy at the beginning of the 19th century.
Russia remained a profoundly agricultural
Name the war in the mid-19th century that demonstrated Russia's widening gap with the West.
Explain what accounted for the West's victory over Russia in the Crimean War.
Western powers won
Name the Tsar that began the process of reform in the 19th century.
Name the year that the Russian serfs were emancipated.
Describe the emancipation of the serfs in Russia.
the serfs got land and their freedom
List the considerations in the reform of serfdom.
preservation of aristocratic power
List the reforms introduced in Russia in the 1860s and 1870s.
reorganization of the military
Explain the first step toward industrialization in Russia.
Russia began to create an extensive railroad network
Name the Russian minister of finance from 1892 to 1903 responsible for much economic modernization.
Describe the capitalization of Russian industry.
By 1900, half of the Russian industry was foreign
Explain how successful the Russian industrialization programs were by 1900
4th in world for steel production-2nd in world for petroleum production and refining
Name what was present during the Russian program of industrialization.
List what were apart of the rising tide of unrest in Russia during the 2nd half of the 19th century.
Name the general goal of the Russian intelligentsia.
Name the Russian radicals who sought the abolition of all formal government.
Name the chief political method used by the anarchists to achieve reform.
Describe Russian Marxism.
Name the group of Russian Marxist that adopted Lenin's approach
List the contributions to working-class radicalism in the late 19th century in Russia.
formed unions and strikes
Name the failed war that led to the Russian Revolution.
Name the group that the imperial government appealed to in the reforms following the revolution of 1905.
Name the minister that was responsible for enacting reforms for the peasantry following the revolution of 1905
Name the peasants who responded to the reforms of 1905 by engaging in entrepreneurial activity including increasing production and buying up land.
List the Russian developments adopted in other East European states.
List 19th century Russian novelists.
Tolstoy, Dostoevsky, Turgenev, Gogol
Describe the Tokugawa Shogunate in the 19th century.
Continued to combine central bureaucracy
Describe the Tokugawa intellectual and cultural life.
Japan gradually became more secular
Name the group in Tokugawa Japan that advocated interest in Western scientific advance.
Name who was responsible for the forced opening of Japan in 1853.
Commodore Matthew Perry
Name the year that the new emperor, Mutsuhito but commonly called "Meiji" or "Enlightened One," proclaimed, signaling the end of a major political crisis.
List the advantages of Japan over China in the competition to assume leadership and the establish industrialization in Asia.
It already new the benefits of imitation
List the Japanese political reforms in the period of the Meiji state.
Name the primary difference between the reformed Japanese government and reformed Russian institutions by 1914.
Both states were centralized
Name on of the major similarities between Japanese and Russian industrialization.
Huge new industrial combines
Describe Japanese industrialization prior to World War I.
Depended on western imports
List Western cultural characteristics adopted by large numbers of Japanese.
Name the religion that gained new adherents in industrialized Japan.
List the signs of significant social stress in industrialized Japan.
disputes between generations