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can be achieved or ascribed; they significantly affect the likelihoods of achieving other social statuses
when you occupy various statuses that don't seem to go together very well (ex: prodigy child)
is the process of influencing each other as people relate; affects how well we preform
exists when the performance of a role in one status clashes with the performance of a role in another (ex: teacher vs. being a mom and wife)
occurs when a person has trouble meeting the many roles connected with a single status (ex: too much going on, grading, paperwork)
something that just goes along with one's status that's true (ex: obama, 1st black president, male nurse)
teachers provide opportunities to learn for students
example of a status and its accompanying role set
composed of ppl who are emotionally close, know each other well, seek company (ex:family, friends)
small size, face-face contact all the time, contact continious, roles appropriate, vested interest to be a part
helps us evaluate ourselves, acquire attitudes, beliefs and norms in both positive and negative ways
sports teams positive; work together...sports team negative; influence to use steroids
example of positive/negative influences of reference group
feels opposition, antagonism, or competition toward the out group (ex: rival gangs (blood vs. cripts) rep vs. democrats)
primarily concerned with making decisions that will help the group achieve its goals
why ppl join social groups
to relate to others in order to enjoy a measure of intimacy and combat loneliness and to accomplish goals they would have difficult achieving
farming-industry, growth of modern city, move away from ascribed but more towards achieved statuses
what trends in society may account for the decreasing importance of primary groups and the increasing importance of secondary groups?
assigns tasks, makes major decisions for group, little attention to concerns of followers , good in crisis
encourages group discussion and input, works to build group consensus, creates groups that are more satisfied and work better, not good in emergency situations
highly non-directive, lets group members make own decisions w/out much help or input, less effective/popular, gives group members chance to think on their own
large number of ppl in a specific geographic area who are connected by a variety of social bonds (ex: cities, towns. neighborhoods)
segments of a population that receive different amounts of scarce resources (ex: social classes, races, genders, ages)
large secondary group designed to accomplish specific tasks through an elaborate internal division of labor
purpose is to complete routine tasks as efficiently as possible and involve large numbers of ppl
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