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30 terms

Poetry Test 2011 vocab words

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Anapest
two short syllables followed by one long one
ex: seventeen
Alliteration
repitition of a consonant sound in line of words or sentence
ex: Don't dally doing dumb homework
Allusion
a reference to someting outside the literary work, usually mythology or the bible or another literary work.
Assonance
repitition of vowel sound in a line of words or sentence
Ballad
a narative; simple; songlike quality; basic rhyme sceme; composed of iambic tetramete alternating with iambic trimeter
Blank Verse
consists of unrhymed iambic pentameter; used frequently by Shakespeare
Caesura
a break or pause (usually for sense) in the middle of a verse line
Consonance
repetition of consonant sounds, harmonious
Dactyl
A metrical foot consisting of three syllables, in which the first is stressed and the last two are unstressed
Dramatic Monologue
relates an episode in a speaker's life through a conversational format whcih reveals the character of the speaker.
Elegy
a mournful, contemplative lyric poem written to commemorate someone who is dead, often ending in a consolation.
End Rhyme
rhyme occuring at the ends of verse in lines
End-stopped Line
A line that ends with a natural speech pause, usually marked by punctuation
Enjambment
the continuation of meaning, without pause or break, from one line of poetry to the next
Epic
An extended narrative poem recounting actions, travels, adventures, and heroic episodes; larger than life protagonist; more-than-human-strength of heroes in action; gods of lesser divinities play an active role.
Feminine Rhyme
A rhyme of two syllables in which the final syllable is unstressed ('mother/bother').
Free Verse
Verse that has neither regular rhyme nor regular meter
ex: English is not very fun except when its done,
but even then it is better than math.
And I think this is a poor example of free verse,
but it certainly can't get much worse.
Iamb
metrical pattern of one unstressed syllable followed by one stressed syllable
ex: Come Live with Me and be my love
Imagery
Description that appeals to the senses (sight, sound, smell, touch, taste)
Internal Rhyme
rhyme contained within a line of verse
ex: the splendor falls on castle walls
Lyric Poem
Short poem where the poet expresses an emotion or illuminates some life principle
Masculine Rhyme
Rhyme in which only the last, accented syllable of the rhyming words correspond exactly in sound
ex: eyes and denies
Metaphysical Poetry
The work of poets of the seventeenth century, that analyzes subjects logically and philosophically
Narrative Poem
a poem that tells a story
ex: Natalie decided to buy a red shoe,
but Lucas decided that just wouldn't do,
and so he bought another that was blue,
and now natalie has not one, but two.
(except it is usually longer)
Ode
A lyric poem that addresses subjects of elevated stature
Pastoral
a literary work that has to do with shepherds and rustin settings
Ryme Scheme
the ryme Pattern
ex: A B A B B C B C C D C D E E
Slant (half) Rhyme
a partial or imperfect rhyme, often using assonance or consonance only, as in dry and died.
Sonnet
a verse form consisting of 14 lines with a fixed rhyme scheme; iambic pentrameter
Spondee
A two-syllable foot with both syllables stressed.
ex: down town

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