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#2 Unit 1- ch 2 section 3-4

*Unit 1- Beginning of American History *Chapter 2- Europe Looks Outward *Section 3- Europeans Compete in North America Section 4- France and the Netherlands in North America
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John Cabot
Italian explorer who led the English expedition in 1497 that discovered the mainland of North America and explored the coast from Nova Scotia to Newfoundland
Henry Hudson
Sailed for the Dutch even though he was originally from England. He was looking for a northwest passage through North America, but discovered what is today the Hudson River
Northwest Passage
a sea route from the Atlantic to Pacific that passed through or around North America
mercantilism
colonies exist to make home coutry wealthy by only trading with Mothercountry
Giovanni da Verrazano
Italian; sailed to North Carolina and Newfoundland in search of the Northwest Passage
Jacques Cartier
French explorer who explored the St. Lawrence river and laid claim to the region for France (1491-1557)
Samuel de Champlain
French explorer; best known for discovering two of the Great Lakes and discovering Quebec
Jacques Marquette
French missionary who accompanied Louis Joliet in exploring the upper Mississippi River valley; set up 2 missions along G. Lakes
Louis Joliet
French explorer (with Jacques Marquette) of the upper Mississippi River valley (1645-1700)
Rene LaSalle
French explorer who followed Mississippi River to Gulf of Mexico and named Louisianna
alliance
an agreement between parties that benifit them both
New Spain
sought gold and other precious minerals; treated Native Americans harshly
New France
profited from furs and fish; traded with Native Americans