33 terms

Genetics

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Alleles
Alternate forms of a particular gene.
Acquired Traits
Characteristic that is not passed down to offspring genetically.
Chromosomes
Gets passed from one cell to another in sexual reproduction.
Heterozygous
Two different alleles for a trait.
Genes
Segment of DNA that carries a single unit of hereditary information.
Dominant
Passing of traits from parent to offspring.
Heredity
A gene or trait that appears or expresses itself over a recessive trait.
Homozygous
Both genes of a pair are the same.
DNA
Chemicals inside a chromosomes that carries genetic instructions.
Genetics
The scientific study of heredity.
Genotype
Combination of genes an organism has.
Inherited Traits
Characteristics received from your biological parents.
Phenotype
Physical appearance resulting from genetic makeup.
Recessive
Can be carried in a person's genes without appearing in that person.
What is true about the behavior of an organism
The behavior of an organism is influenced by both its heredity and its environment.
What are threadlike linear stands of DNA and proteins that carry the genes and functions in the transmission of hereditary information for living organisms
Chromosomes
What trait is affected by both genes and the environment
How long a person lives
The difference in traits are caused by
Differences in genes
what traits are considered to be acquired traits
Injuries, Nutrients, and Disease
What gets passed from one cell to another in sexual reproduction
Chromosomes
Where are genes located
Only in chromosomes
What organism contains two different alleles for a trait
Heterozygous
A segment of DNA that carries a single unit of hereditary information
Gene
Where are the chromosomes of most organisms located
Enclosed within the nucleus of the cell
True
Genes make up chromosomes
True about inherited traits
Traits may be determined by multiple genes
A learned behavior
A person not touching a red burner on a stove
A inherited trait
A disability caused by a genetic defect
An organism's body is constructed using the information contained in
Genes
Inherited traits are traits that children get from their parents through
Genes
A gene or trait that appears or expresses itself over a recessive trait
Dominant Gene
How can twins be identical
They have the same genetic information
Can be described as alternate forms of a particular gene
Alleles can be defined as a basic unit of hereditary information that influences a particular trait or group of traits