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95 terms

Medical Terminology

Peggy C. Leonard
STUDY
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Anxiety Disorder
Characterized by unpleasant tension, distress and avoidance behavior
Labile
Unstable; undergoing rapid emotional changes, Characterized by crying
Apathy
Absence of emotions; lack of interest or emotional involvement
Delirium
Confusion in thinking, faulty perceptions and irrational behavior
Autism
Servere lack of response to other people, may have retarded language development
Compulsion
Uncontrollable urge to perform an act repeatedly
Mania
Extreme excitement, hyperactivity, inflated self-esteem
Bipolar disorder
Intermixed periods of mania and depression
Schizophrenia
Withdrawal from reality into an inner world of disorganized thinking and conflict
Paranoia
Delusions of persecution or grandeur or combination of the two
Delusion
Fixed, false belief that cannot be changed by logical reasoning or evidence
Hallucination
False sensory perception
Dementia
Loss of intellectual abilities including memory, judgement, and reasoning
Mood Disorder
Prolonged emotion dominating person's life
Psychosis
Impairment of mental capacity to recognize reality, communicate, and relate to others
Phobia
Irrational or disabling fear of an object or situation
Affect
External emotion or emotional response
Craniotomy
Incision of the skull
aphagia
Inability or refusal to swallow
hemiplegia
paralysis of one side of the body
phobia
persistent, irrational fear or dread
Neurorrhaphy
Suturing of a cut nerve
Diplopia
Double vision
Tinnitus
Ringing of the ears
Encephalomalacia
Softening of the brain
Anesthesia
Loss of sensation
Hypnotics
Sedatives used to produce a calming effect
Affect
External emotion or emotional response
Amnesia
Loss of memory
Anorexia nervosa
An eating disorder of excessive dieting and refusal to maintain a normal body weight
Anxiety disorder
Characterized by unpleasant tension, distress, and avoidance behavior; (ie. phobias, obsessive-compulsive, post-traumatic stress disorder)
Apathy
Absence of emotions; lack of interest or emotional involvement
Autism
Servere lack of response to other people; witdrawl, inability to interact, and retarded language development
Bipolar Disorder
Intermixed periods of mania and depression
Bulimia Nervosa
An eating disorder of binge eating followed by vomiting and depression
Compulsion
Uncontrollable urge to perform an act repeatedly
Conversion Disorder
A physical symptom, with no organic basis, that appears as a result of anxiety and conflict
Defense mechanism
Unconscious technique a person uses to resolve or conceal conflicts and anxiety
Delirium
Confusion in thinking; faulty perceptions and irrational behavior. Can by associated w/substance withdrawl.
Delusion
Fixed, false belief that cannot be changed by logical reasoning or evidence.
Depression
Major mood disorder with chronic sadness, loss of energy, hopelessness, worry, and discouragement
Dissociative disorder
Chronic or sudden disturbance of memory, identity, or consciousness
ego
The central coordinating branch of one's personality
Fugue
Amnesia with flight from customary surroundings
Gender Identity disorder
Strong and persistent cross-gender identification with the opposite sex
Hallucination
False sensory perceptiion
Id
The major unconscious part of the personality; energy instinctual drives and desires
Labile
Unstable; undergoing rapid emotional change
Mania
Extreme excitement, hyperactivity, inflated self-esteem
Mood disorder
Prolonged emotion dominates a person's life
Mutism
No reactive state; stupor
Obsessive-Compulsive
An anxiety disorder in which recurrent thoughts and repetitive acts dominate behavior
Paranoia
Delusions of persecution or grandear or combination of the two
Paraphilia
Recurrent intense sexual urge, fantasy, or behavior that involves unusual objects, activities, or situations
Personality disorder
Lifelong personality patterns marked by inflexibility and impairment of social functioning.
Phobia
Irrational or disabling fear of an object or situation
Post-Traumatic Stress
Anxiety related symptoms appear following exposure to personal experience of a traumatic event
Psychosis
Impairment of mental capacity to recognize reality, communicate, and relate to others
Repression
Defense mechanism by which unacceptable thoughts, feelings, and impulses are pushed into the unconscious
Sexual disorders
Disorders of paraphilias and sexual dysfunction
Schizophrenia
Withdrawal from reality into an inner world of disorganized thinking and conflict.
Somatoform Disorder
Having physical symptoms that cannot be explained by any actual physical disorder
Substance-related
Regular use of psychoactive substances (alcohol, cocaine amphetamines, cannabis, hallucinogens, opioids, and sedatives) that affect the central nervous system
Superego
Internalized conscience and moral part of the personality
Seasonal affective (SAD)
Form of depression that appears related to fluctuations in persons exposure to natural light
Serotonin
Chemical present in gastrointestinal mucosa, platelets, that affects sleep and sensory perception
Tic Disorder
Characterized by spasmodic muscular contractions most commonly involving the face, mouth, eyes, head, neck, or shoulder muscles. People with tic disorders make sounds or display repeated, quick, sudden, and/or uncontrollable body movements.
Peripheral Nervous System
Consists of both sensory nervous tissue and motor nervous tissue
Central Nervous System
Consists of the brain and spinal cord, both encased in bone.
Afferent Receptors
Detect changes that occur inside and outside the body and convey them to the brain.
aut/o
self
cerebell/o
cerebellum
cerebr/o, encephal/o
brain
cervic/o
neck (sometimes cervix uteri)
coccyg/o
coccyx (tailbone)
crani/o
cranium (skull)
dendr/o
tree
dur/o
dura mater
gli/o
neuroglia or a sticky substance
kerat/o
cornea; hard or horny
lumb/o
lower back
mening/o
meninges
ment/o, psych/o
mind
myel/o
bone marrow or spinal cord
nerv/o, neur/o
nerve
phren/o
mind or diaphragm
physi/o
nature
retin/o
retina
sacr/o
sacrum
spin/o
spine
-asthenia
weakness
-esthesia
sensation, perception
-iexia
words, phrases
-orexia
appetite
agora-
open marketplace