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52 terms

Cranial Nerves (Trigeminal, Facial, Glossopharyngeal, Hypoglossal)

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The trigeminal nerve branches into the ________,________ & _________ nerves.
-opthalmic, maxillary and mandibular
The opthalmic branches is afferent ____, ____, ____
eyes, nose, forehead
The opthalmic nerve is only _____
Afferent
The maxillary nerve passes thru the foramen ______.
rotundum
The maxillary n. is only ____
Afferent
The maxillary nerve branches into the _______, _______, and ________ ________.
-Zygomatic nerve
-Infraorbital nerve
-Posterior superior alveolar
-Pterygopalatine branches
The zygomatic n. supplies ____
skin
The infraorbital nerve branches into the
____ ____ ____ & ____ ____ ____ nerves.
-Middle superior alveolar
-Anterior superior alveolar
The middle superior alveolar n. supplies
both premolars and mesiobuccal root of maxillary 1st molar
The anterior superior alveolar n. supplies
the socket and tooth of anterior teeth
The posterior superior alveolar nerve passes thru which foramen?
-Posterior superior alveolar foramen
The posterior superior alveolar n. supplies
Maxillary 2, & 3 molars and the other two roots of the max 1st molar
What nerves branch off of the pterygopalatine ganglion?
-Nasopalatine n
-Greater Palatine n
-Lesser Palatine n
The nasopalatine nerve inervates the ______.
anterior palate
The greater and lesser palatine nerves innervate the _____ & _____ _____.
hard and soft palate
The posterior, middle, and anterior superior alveolar nerves innervate the _______ teeth and periodontium.
Maxillary
What does the mandibular nerve pass thru?
Foramen ovale
The mandibular (V3) is _____ & _____
afferent and efferent
What does the mandibular nerve branch into?
-Auriculotemperal nerve
- Anterior>> Long Buccal n
-inferior alveolar n
-Posterior>> Lingual n
The inferior alveolar nerve branches into two nerves: the _______ & _______ nerves
mental; incisive
The inferior alveolar nerve passes thru the ________ foramen & ________ canal and supplies ____
-mandibular ; mandibular; sensation to teeth (supplies all lower teeth)
The incisive nerve passes thru the ______ foramen.
Mental
Which nerves innervate the mandibular teeth and periodontium?
-Inferior alveolar n.
The Long buccal nerve innervates the _______ ________
buccal periodontium
Which nerve is used to anesthetize the gingiva?
Long buccal n. of the lingual branch or mandibular V3
The anterior branch of Mandibular V3 is motor to ____ __ ______
muscles of mastication
The lingual n. supplies____, _____, ______& _____
sensory to tongue, lingual mucosa, floor of mouth & taste to anterior 2/3 of tongue
The auriculotemporal n. innervates ____ and ___
temple and TMJ
These two nerves supply taste to the anterior 2/3 of the tongue.
Lingual n. and chorda tympani n.
Which Trigeminal branch is the largest?
Mandibular
Which tooth has 2 different nerve supplies by way of middle superior alveolar & posterior superior alveolar?
Maxillary 1st molar
The Facial n. (VII) is both ___ & ____
Afferent and efferent
Which nerve is very evident when anesthetized because it supplies motor to muscles of facial expression?
The facial nerve VII
This branch of the facial nerve aids in taste to anterior 2/3 of the tongue
chorda tympani
The facial n. passes through the ___ ___ ___
parotid salivary gland
Glossopharyngeal (IX) is both ___ & ___
afferent and efferent
Glossopharyngeal IX supplies the ___ & ___
tongue and pharynx
Which nerve supplies taste to posterior 1/3 of tongue
glossopharyngeal
Hypoglossal XII is the only ____
Motor to the tongue
Which three nerves supply taste to the tongue? (both ant 2/3 and post 1/3)
glossopharyngeal, lingual n. and chorda tympani
Afferent is ____ TO the brain
sensory
Efferent is ____ OUT of the brain
motor
What does the internal carotid artery of head and neck supply?
brain and eyes
What are the branches of the external carotid of head and neck?
Lingual
Facial
Maxillary
What does the lingual branch of the external carotid supply?
tongue
What does the Facial branch of external carotid supply?
inferior and superior labial branches
What are the three branches of the maxillary artery?
Mandibular
Pterygoid
Pterygopalatine
Which two branches are supplied by the mandibular branch of the maxillary artery?
inferior alveolar branch
lingual branch
What is supplied by the pterygoid branch of the maxillary artery?
muscles of mastication
Name the two branches supplied by the pterygopalatine branch of maxillary artery.
posterior superior alveolar
infraorbital
Name the branches supplied by the infraorbital branch of the pterygopalatine branch of max artery.
middle and anterior superior alveolar
Which artery of external carotid supplies greater palatine?
Maxillary artery