Upgrade to remove ads
Chapter 11 assessment -Wallace
Terms in this set (25)
What did the first and second industrial revolutions have in common? In what ways did they differ?
Both revolutions depended on vast imports of goods, and both led to huge economic growth. The first industrial revolution gave rise to textiles, railroads, iron, and coal. The second was built on steel, electricity, chemicals, and petroleum.
What qualities of socialism appealed to working-class people?
Socialism appealed to many workers because although they worked in dangerous conditions, they did not earn enough for their basic needs
What problems were created by the rapid population growth in cities?
Overcrowding led to filthy living conditions in which deadly epidemics like cholera spread. Contaminated water and poor sewage systems made the problem worse. Local governments had to get involved because the solutions involved large-scale projects like install sewage systems as well as tracking and isolating contagious diseases
When did public education become widespread and why had it not happened earlier?
Public education became widespread in the late 1800s partly because companies needed skilled, educated workers for new factories. Earlier, factory jobs did not require much training
How did ministerial responsibility relate to how power was distributed in Central Europe?
Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Russia created legislators, but the leading ministers were still responsible to the monarch. The fact that these monarchs continued to hold greater power to the elected bodies weakened democracy
How was wealth distributed among U.S. citizens? How did it differ from how wealth was distributed in Europe?
The United States was the world's richest nation by 1900 due to its industrial economy, income from colonies like Somoa and Hawaii, and the low wages paid to workers. The vast majority of the countries wealth was in the hands of only 9% of its population
Describe 2 painting styles that became popular in the late nineteenth or early twentieth century.
post-impressionists used intense color and strong brushstrokes. Cubists used geometric shapes to show the human form from several angles, recreating reality in the viewer's mind
How might extreme nationalist's perception of themselves lead them to believe in social darwinism?
Extreme nationalists may have perceived themselves as the "fittest" and thought they would...and should...win all the wars they pushed for.
Why did some parts of Europe not share in the economic boom of the early twentieth century?
Eastern and southern parts of Europe did not share in the boom because they were still largely agricultural and had poor transportation systems. They provided food and raw materials for industrial countries instead of developing their own manufacturing.
What were some of the signs that democracy was expanding in the late nineteenth century? What were some reasons for that expansion?
Signs that democracy was expanding included universal male suffrage and ministerial responsibility. Democracy expanded due to pressure from organized groups such as trade unions and the woman's rights movements
How do living conditions of the masses of people affect how a nation is ruled? How does a move toward democracy affect the living conditions of the masses?
Poor enough living conditions lead to rebellion and a demand for a voice in government, which can help move a country toward democracy. A democratic government allows every adult citizen a voice in shaping the government. There are more poor and middle-class people than rich people in every country, so they have enough votes to elect representatives who will pass legislation that improves their lives.
pioneered by Henry Ford 1913, a manufacturing method that allowed much more efficient mass production of goods
production of goods in quantity usually by machinery
a Marxist who rejected the revolutionary approach, believing instead in evolution by democratic means to achieve the goal of socialism
the middle class including merchants, industrialists, and professional people.
the working class
the movement for women's rights
the right to vote
the idea that the prim minister is responsible to the popularly elected legislative body and not to the king or president
the russian legislative assembly
a movement in which writers and artists between 1870 and 1914 rebelled against the traditional literary and artistic styles that had dominated European cultural life since the renaissance
a method by which a therapist and patient probe deeply into the patient's memory; by making the patient's conscious mind aware of repressed thoughts, healing can take place
theory used by Western nations in the late nineteenth century to justify their dominance; it was based on Charles Darwin's theory of natural selection, "the survival of the fittest," and applied to modern human activities
the organized massacre of a minority group, especially Jews
an international movement originally for the establishment of a Jewish national homeland in Palestine, where ancient Israel was located, and later for the support of modern Israel
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Chapter 22 Lesson review
WH: Chapter Eight Assessment
Chapter 10 Assessment
Chapter 23 Lesson Review
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
World History - Chapter 11: Mass Society and Democ…
Chapter 24 and 25 Vocabulary & Guided Questions
AP Euro CH. 23 Vocabulary and Chapter Guide
World History Chapter 11
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
APR 9 (Digestive System)
APR 8 (Cardiovascular System)
Ch. 16 Anat/Physio
Ch. 15 Anat/Physio