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AG Poultry Section
Terms in this set (56)
What are the major birds classified as poultry?
1. Chickens are the main group of poultry
2.Turkeys are the next largest divsion of poultry
3. Ducks are the third sector of poultry
What are layers?
They are chickens used to produce large quantities of eggs.
What are spent hens?
Hens that are no longer laying.
What are broilers?
Are six-to-seven-week-old chickens weighing about 4 pounds that are used for meat because they are tender.
What is a chick?
A baby chicken of either sex
What is a cockerel?
A young male chicken
What is a capon?
A castrated (neutered) male chicken
What is a rooster?
A mature male chicken
What is a pullet?
A young female chicken
What is a hen?
A mature female chicken, duck, turkey, and pheasant
What is a drake?
A mature male duck
What is a duckling?
A young duck of either sex
What is a gosling?
A young goose
What is a gander?
A male goose at maturity
What is a goose/hen?
A female goose at maturity
What is a gaggle?
A group of geese that are not flying
What is a tom/ gobbler
An adult male chicken
What is a poult?
A young turkey of either sex
What is a tom poult/ hen poult?
A young turkey
What is a flock?
A group of turkeys
What is the most common breed used for egg laying (Mediterranean)?
Lay white eggs
They express yellow skink
They are known for ability to take flight
What is the breed that are used for meat and egg production (American)?
The Plymouth Rock
Lay brown eggs
Their skin color is yellow
They have broad backs, and deep full breasts
What turkey is the most common in the United States?
Broad-Breasted Large Whites are the most commonly grown birds in the United States.
What duck is the most commonly used for meat productions?
White Perkins are the most commonly used birds for meat production in the United States.
What are two advantages of poultry production?
1. Jobs are provided throughout the poultry industry.
2. Poultry provides opportunities for FFA and 4-H projects.
What are two disadvantages of poultry production?
1. Large operations require housing and equipment.
2. Disease outbreaks can destroy an entire flock.
What state is 4th in the top 10 egg producing states?
What is the leading chicken producing nations?
1. United States
What is the leading nations in turkey meat?
1. United States
What is the leading nations in duck meat?
What is the leading nations in goose meat?
How does the poultry industry affect the economy?
The poultry industry has gained acceptance from health-conscious people who eat more chicken because of its leanness and nurtritional value.
Approximately 99 percent of all ______ are produced under contract
How much chicken does one person consumer per year?
About 81 pounds
How many eggs does the United States produce per year?
This is about 10 percent of the world egg supply
What are the 2 poultry industry groups?
1. National Chicken Council
2. American Egg Board
What are the 4 main areas within the chicken industry?
1. Broiler production
2. Egg production
3. Broiler breeder
4. Replacement pullet
What is the main focus of the broiler production area in the chicken industry?
What involves the production of high- quality eggs for human use?
What chickens are used to produce fertile eggs that will be hatched to become broiler?
What are raised for egg production?
What is a specialized building that is 400 ft long and 40 ft wide, and hold alot of chickens?
Replacement pullets are raised in a building similiar to a _____ ______.
What birds are housed in a specially designed cages that offer comfort and good health to hens?
Egg production buildings or layer houses
What 6 factors affect profitability in broiler production?
1. Cleaning after every group is essential to ensure a clean enviroment f0r young birds.
2. Water quality is an important factor in raising high-quality, healthy birds.
3. Waste management is a key production practices that must have a particular plan before poultry building are built.
4. When young birds arrive, temperatures should be set at 90°- 92° F, feed should be in place, and a record-keeping system should be set.
5. More time will be required for broiler production during the early stages of growth.
6. Bird weights, livability, contract agreements/ payments, and cash operating factors.
What 5 factors affect profitability in egg production?
1. Control panels withtin the building should control the lighting program for the hens.
2. Providing full feed to egg- producing hens is a general practice used in egg production operations.
3.Producers should maintain healthy birds through constant, daily observation of the animals, feeding amounts, and acutal egg production.
4.Two types of egg collection systems are used in egg production operations.
5. Contract payments/ agreements, and cash operation factors.
What is in-line system?
Includes laying, collecting, and grading at one facility.
What is off-line system?
Transports the eggs out of the laying house directly to an egg cooling room and then transported to an egg- processing facility.
What is the ideal temperature range for a shell egg layer house?
57° and 79° F
Pullet producers grow specially ___ _____ for egg- laying production
Bred chicks (commonly use the White Leghorn)
Where do the birds go when they reach 20-25 weeks old?
The producer must provide what for effective disease control?
Strict sanitation procedures
______ and ______ the house and equipment are proper production practices.
Cleaning and disinfecting
Temperatures in a breeder house typically range from __ to __.
65° to 75°
What should be included when selecting for egg production?
Soft, enlarged comb and wattles, wide, moist vent, increased distance between the pelvic bones, increased distance between pelvic arc and keel, velvety skin, and soft, pliable enlarged abdomen.
______ ________ chicks should come from a reputable hatchery and should express quality egg- laying genetics and traits.