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10 terms

Fermentation

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Oxygen and ATP synthesis
OP would stop entirely, resulting in no ATP production by this process. Without the oxygen to pull the electrons down the electron transport chain, H+ would not be pumped into the mitochondrion's intermembrane space and chemiomosis would not occur
Reactants and Products of Fermentation
Glycolysis , NAD+. Products: 2 ATP
Fermentation
A catabolic process that makes a limited amount of ATP from glucose without an electron transport chain and that produces a characteristic end product such as ethyl alchol or lactic acid.
Anaerobic Respiration
Way that fermentation allows glycolysis to occur without Oxygen
More ATP From CR
CR produces more ATP because it involves the electron acceptor Oxgyen which transports pyruvate into the mitochondrion
Alchol Fermentation
Pyruvate is converted to ethanol in two steps.Many bacteria carry out alcohol fermentation under anaerobic conditions
Lacti Acid Fermentation
Pyruvate is reduced directly by NADH to from lactate as an end product, with no release of CO2. LF by certian fungi an bacteria is used i the dairy industry to make cheese and yogurt
Catabolic Pathways
The breakdown of organic fuels using O2, aerobic respiration to yield H2O, CO2 that is exergonic
Anabolic
Cells can use small moelcuels from food directly or use them to build other substances through glycolysis or the citric acid cycle
Polysacchrides, fats, and proteins as reactants for ATP production
The muscular, respiratory, and circulatory systems combine forces to bring reactants (food molecules and O2) to cells and remove waste products (CO2 and H2O) from cells in an effort to make ATP