Community Chapter 17 - Being Prepared: Impact of Disaster, Terrorism, and War
Terms in this set (23)
caused by natural events, such as the earthquake tsunami in Japan in 2011
caused by human activity, such as the 2008 shootings at Virginia Tech, the bombing of the World Trade Center in NYC in 2001, and displacement of thousands of Kosovars during their war with Serbia in 1999, or the riots in Kenya in 2008
multifaceted crisis in a country, region or society where there is a total or considerable breakdown of authority resulting from internal or external conflict and which requires a multi-sectorial, international response
human being who is injured or killed by or as a direct result of an accident
involving 100 or more casualties
the range of a disaster's effect, either geographically or in terms of the number of people impacted
the level of destruction and devastation a disaster causes
directly impacted by disaster
the people who experience the event, whether fire, volcanic eruption, war, or bomb
people who are forced to leave their homes to escape the effects of a disaster
reserved for people who are forced to leave their homeland because of war or persecution
indirectly impacted by war
the relatives and friends of persons directly impacted by disasters
incident Command System (ICS)
created in the 1970s after catastrophic wildfires in Cali resulting in many deaths.
essential for a community, business, or hospital. It involves thinking about detail or preparation and management by all involved, including community leaders, health and safety professionals, and lay people.
Critical Incident Stress Debriefing (CISD)
provides relief workers with professional debriefing in small groups or individually and becomes a mechanism for emotional reconciliation. generally provided between 24 and 72 hours after the disaster event.
an important quality that enables people to cope with disaster
posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
can occur after any traumatic event in which a person responds with intense fear, helplessness, or horror to an actual or threatened death or serious to oneself or others.
the unlawful use of force and violence against persons or property to intimidate or coerce a government, the civilian population, or any segment thereof, in futherance of political or social objectives
involves the use of nuclear devices as weapons and can take several forms
involves the use of chemicals such as explosives, nerve agensts, blister agents, choking agents, and incapacitating or riot-control agents to cause confusion, debilitation, death, and destruction
involves using biologic agents to cause multiple illnesses and deaths
the process of sorting multiple casualties in the event of a war or major disaster
any natural or man-made event that causes a level of destruction or emotional trauma, exceeding the abilities of those affected to respond without community assistance
the art of applying mock injuries for use in mass-casualty exercises