Health Education and Physical Education MTTC

dynamic balance
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Terms in this set (43)
anaerobic exerciseintense physical activity that requires little oxygen but uses short bursts of energy sprinting, swimmingspatial awarenessAwareness of space, when applied to the body it means an awareness of where one's body is in relation to space.intensity (gym)how hard students need to work during each classcirculatory system(aka cardiovascular system) This system works as the transportation highway for the body. It consists of the heart, blood, and blood vessels. It transports substances such as oxygen, carbon dioxide, and nutrients in the body.gross motor skillsphysical abilities involving large body movements, such as walking and jumpingaxial skeletonthe part of the skeleton that includes the skull, spinal column, sternum, and ribsMuscular SystemConsists of skeletal muscles, tendons that connect muscles to bones, and ligaments that attach bones together to form jointfood pyramidbread, fruit, vegetables, meat, milk, fatsequipmentshould be matched to the confidence size and skill level of studentNon-locomotor skillsbody movements that do not involve traveling from one place to another bending, twisting, stretchingappendicular skeletonbones of the shoulder, pelvis, arms, and legspedometera device that calculates distance traveled by counting the number of steps takennervous systemthe network of nerve cells and fibers that transmits nerve impulses between parts of the body.lymphatic systemDefense against infection and diseaseLocomotormovement that travels through spacesoluble fiberslowers cholesterol levels helps manage level of blood sugarinsoluble fibersspeeds digestion can reduce risk of colon cancer and heart diseasewarm up activitiesDesigned to elevate the pulse to an aerobic level, speed up onset of sweating, deliver oxygen to working muscles, and decrease muscle viscosityVaccines reduce the incidence of specific diseases by:stimulating the body's immune system response to the infectionThe nicotine in cigarette smoke primarily causes which of the following physical effects when it is inhaled?increased heart rate and blood pressureFourth-grade students have participated in several lessons related to the USDA's guidelines and recommendations. During the last lesson, the teacher divides the students into small groups and asks each group to create a song about the importance of eating a variety of foods from the major food groups. The students may include creative movements to go along with their song. Each group will perform their song in front of the class. This is a particularly effective culminating activity because it prompts students toreiterate the significance of eating healthy foods in an enjoyable wayA teacher decides to plan a lesson that takes advantage of the students' enthusiasm and interest in the community pool that will be opening in the spring. Which of the following class activities would be most important to include in this lesson?discussing and creating a list of safety precautions to use when swimmingThe instruction and professional development goals associated with the "Chase Edwards law" section of the Michigan School Code are designed to prevent fatal and nonfatal suicide behaviors among youth and to increase student awareness of warning signs and risk factors for suicide. In addition to these goals, the law was specifically created toimprove access to appropriate suicide prevention services for vulnerable youthA kindergarten teacher wants to promote proper dental hygiene among kindergarten students. Which of the following strategies would be most effective for the teacher to use in addressing this goal?providing the opportunity and the supplies needed for students to brush their teeth after lunchA sixth-grade teacher would like to help students conduct research on the nutritional components of their school lunch program. Which of the following resources would be most appropriate for the teacher and students to consult first?the Web site for the Michigan Department of EducationAn elementary teacher would like to promote students' ability to make decisions that enhance their health. Which of the following general instructional strategies would be most effective for this purpose?building opportunities for students to make decisions into everyday class activitiesWhich of the following activities best illustrates a connection between physical education and physical science?throwing a table tennis ball, softball, and basketball with the same amount of force to determine which one travels the farthestA first-grade teacher has students run as fast as they can for several minutes in the gym. When the students come to a stop, the teacher asks the students to explain how their bodies feel. The students note that they are sweating, their hearts are pounding, and they are breathing hard. The teacher's primary goal in this activity is most likely to increase students' awareness of:the effects of exercise on body systems.Pairs of second-grade students are engaged in a mirroring activity. One student faces his or her partner and makes various slow movements, which his or her partner mimics; then the partners switch roles. The primary purpose of this activity is to promote students' understanding of movement concepts related to:body relationships.Eighth-grade students are cohosting a field day at the adjacent elementary school. With help and guidance from two physical education teachers, small groups of eighth graders create individual challenge stations and group games that they will facilitate during the elementary school's field day. This activity is particularly appropriate for promoting the eighth-grade students':responsibility and leadership skills.To assess students' attitudes about various types of physical activities, a teacher provides the class with a "How I Feel About Activities in Physical Education" list. The students are asked to circle a happy or sad face next to a variety of physical activities. This activity allows students to evaluate themselves in which of following domains?affectiveAn eighth-grade physical education class is planning a summer Olympics event. Small groups of students will each choose a different Olympic event, research the origins of and developments in the event, and make a presentation about the event to the rest of the class. Presentations may include physical demonstrations, regulations, background information, and interesting facts related to the event. Which of the following types of guidance would be most helpful for the teacher to provide to students in conjunction with this project?techniques and criteria for locating potentially helpful Web sites and for evaluating their reliability and usefulnessWhich of the following is the most developmentally appropriate motor activity for helping early elementary children develop hand-eye coordination?tossing and catching a beanbag