27 terms

Reasoning

vocabulary words
STUDY
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analogy
drawing a comparison in order to show a similarity in some respect
arbitrary
axiom
(logic) a proposition that is not susceptible of proof or disproof
bias
a partiality that prevents objective consideration of an issue or situation
bigoted
blindly and obstinately attached to some creed or opinion and intolerant toward others
bigotry
the intolerance and prejudice of a bigot
cogitate
use or exercise the mind or one's power of reason in order to make inferences, decisions, or arrive at a solution or judgments
criterion
the ideal in terms of which something can be judged
crux
the most important point
deduce
reason by deduction
dilemma
state of uncertainty or perplexity especially as requiring a choice between equally unfavorable options
dogmatic
characterized by arrogant assertion of unproved or unprovable principles
eclectic
someone who selects according to the eclectic method
fallacious
based on an incorrect or misleading notion or information
heterodox
characterized by departure from accepted beliefs or standards
hypothetical
based on hypothesis
illusion
something many people believe that is false
indubitable
too obvious to be doubted
orthodox
adhering to what is commonly accepted
paradoxical
having the characteristics paradox
plausible
appearing to merit belief or acceptance
preposterous
senseless
rational
having its source in or being guided by the intellect (distinguished from experience or emotion)
rationalize
weed out unwanted or unnecessary things
sophistry
a deliberately invalid argument displaying ingenuity in reasoning in the hope of deceiving someone
specious
plausible but false
speculate
reflect deeply on a subject

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