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33 terms

Exam 3

STUDY
PLAY
Hadyn wrote:
Symphony No. 94, (the "Surprise") and String Quartet Opus 76, No. 3 (the "Emperor")
Born in Bonn, Germany, but moved to Vienna where he began to earn a living as a concert pianist.
Ludwig van Beethoven
Though these composers displayed remarkable musical talent as children, this composer was unusually talented. At the age of six, he could play the piano, violin and organ and was writing his first compositions.
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
How did Beethoven write his last works after he became deaf?
He could generate complex melodies in his "inner ear" (head).
Haydn is known as the father of what?
The String Quartet
This composer, who quietly worked as an employee of an aristocrat for more than 30 years, made such innovations in the string quartet and symphony that he became one of the most influential creators of the mature Classical style.
Franz Joseph Haydn
Considered the prophet of Romantic music, after his death, he became the preeminent artistic figure of the entire nineteenth century.
Ludwig van Beethoven
In the Classical Period, the orchestra was growing and the ---------- were added to it.
Woodwinds (flutes, oboes, bassoons, and clarinets)
What change did Beethoven make to the symphony orchestra in his Symphony No. 5?
Brings in 3 trombones, the contrabassoon, and the piccolo.
What composer served Prince Nikolaus Esterhazy?
Franz Jospeh Haydn
The ----------- of the Classical period was supposed to sound natural and simple.
Melody
Beethoven replaced the classical third movement form of Minuet and Trio with?
Scherzo (allegro-fast)
As a child, this composer had the opportunity to tour Europe with his family. On his travels, he was exposed to a wealth of musical styles that increased the breadth and substance of his own compositions. He was considered to be taken advantage of and used as a source of income by his father.
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Often wandering the streets humming, mumbling, and sometimes composing, Beethoven became a well-known eccentric in?
Vienna
This composer had a warm and lasting friendship with Mozart, with whom he played string quartets?
Franz Joseph Haydn
His deafness gradually forced him to abandon public performances as a virtuoso. Instead he began to focus his energies into composition?
Ludwig van Beethoven
Among this composer's finest acheivements are his operas and the twenty-three piano concertos, most of which were written to showcase his talents as a piano virtuoso?
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
How many expositions are requires in a concerto?
Two (Orchestral and Solo, which consists of soloist and orchestra)
Which composition suggest passion and pathos?
Beethoven's Piano Sonata, Opus 13 (the "Pathetique)
The Minuet is a stately, triple meter dance rather than a musical form. It was first popular during the Baroque era at the court of Louis XIV, and was usually composed in ternary form during the Classical period?
True
The first part of sonata-allegro form is?
Exposition
The correct order of sonata- allegro form is?
Intro (optional), Exposition, Development, Recapitulation, Coda (optional)
Which section of sonata-allegro form frequently consists of unstable harmonies, plentiful use of melodic and harmonic sequence, and fugato?
Development
Where was Mozart born?
Salzburg, Austria
Beethoven's life was?
Lonely (due to his deafness), chaotic, and eccentric.
What was the most popular instrument of the Classical era?
Piano
Beethoven wrote -------- symphonies?
Nine
What combination of instruments constitutes a string quartet?
2 violins (first and second), a viola, and a cello.
What form is frequently labeled ABACADA?
Rondo Form
Which movement of a symphony is normally charaterized by a fast tempo, use of sonata-allegro form and has a serious and substantive mood?
First Movement (Molto Allegro)
Identify the movement of a symphony that is usually in a lyrical and tender mood, has a slow tempo and may use theme and variation or rondo form?
Second Movement (Andante)
The third movement of a Classical period symphony is nearly always (what form)?
Minuet and Trio (Ternary Form)
Which type of form often appears in the fourth movement of a symphony?
Rondo (only)