Terms in this set (41)
What made the israelites' religious beliefs unique?
they were monotheistic
Which document helped establish the democratic right of "due process of law"? What does this mean?
Magna Carta; Due process of law which gives people the right to trial or jury
Significance of the Magna Carta
influenced the development of common law and many constitutional documents
What group of people believed that reason could apply to all features of life?
Why did enlightenment writers often face censorship?
they challenged old rules
Which enlightened thinker can be credited with influencing the idea of checks and balances?
The idea of government should protect the natural rights of the people has been incorporated into which documents?
Bill of Rights
Which revolution served as inspiration for the French Revolution?
Which enlightened thinker held the belief that "all Men are created equal and that among their right were life, libery and the pursuit of property"?
What was an enlightened despot? What or who might have influenced their thinking?
absolute ruler who used their power to bring about political and social change; philosophes influenced their thinking
Why would Catherine the Great be considered an enlightened despot?
abolished torture and established religious tolerance
Identify the members of the three estates
clergy (1st)- nuns, monks, priests
nobles (2nd)- government jobs, army, courts
peasants (3rd)- bankers, doctors, lawyers, professors
The delegates to the Estates-General that broke away and declared themselves to be the National Assembly were from which of the estates?
the third estate
What did the participants of the Tennis Court Oath hope to accomplish?
establish and sound and just constitution
What did the women who marched on Versailles want?
to talk to the King and convince him to come back to Paris
What other American document influenced the Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen?
American Declaration of Independence
What were the demands of the third estate?
wanted equal taxation,a just constitution, and proportionate voting
Identify the first violent act of the French Revolution
the storming of Bastille
What were those nobles that fled France during the revolution called?
At what point did Napoleon become head of the French government?
after he was head consul he named himself emperor
What were the Napoleonic codes?
body of French civil laws that served as a model of many nations' civil codes
What happened to Napoleon during the period known as the Hundred Days?
he briefly came back to power, only to be crushed and exiled once again at the battle of waterloo
What factors contributed to Napoleon's defeat in Russia?
scorched-earth policiy, the Russians had home advantage while the French were cold, homeless, and hungry
The US Declaration of Independence and the French Declaration of Rights of Man both outline the responsibilites of government. What must each state government do?
protect the natural rights of their citizens
What was the directory stage of the French Revolution?
third stage of the french revolution; period of reaction against extremism
What was Napoleon's final defeat?
Battle of Waterloo
What did the Declaration of the Rights of Man include- what did it address?
all men have free and equal rights, and have natural rights to liberty, property, security, and resistence to opression
What did Marquis de Lafayette and Thomas Paine have in common?
they were leading figures in the American and French Revolution
How did the American Revolution influence the French Revolution?
The French were inspired by Americans protesting and rebelling against the British Monarchy, fighting for life and liberty
What South American Leader was inspired by the ides of the American Revolution and the Enlightenment? He helped to liberate much of South America from Spain.
Which Enlightened thinker came up with the concept of a social contract? What was this contract?
Thomas Hobbes- the contract was an agreement by which people gave up their freedom for an organized society
Why was Diderot's encyclopedia significant?
helped spread enlightenment ideas
In which country did Toussaint L'Overture lead a revolt?
What event spurred Simon Bolivar and his followers to begin the struggle for independence?
Napoleon's invasion of Spain
Which group dominated Latin American political and social life in the 1700's?
What is laissez faire economics? Who is credited with this approach?
allows business to operate with little or no government interferance. physiocrats are credited with this approach
How was Haiti's fight for freedom different from other Latin American countries?
What were the ideas of natural law- where did these ideas emerge from?
rules discoverable by reason--ideas emerged from scientific successes
How does the US Constitution refelct the ideas of the Enlightenment thinkers?
What fundamental principles do the following documents share: Magna Carta, English Bill of Rights, American Declaration of Independence, Declaratoin of Rights of Man and Citizenand the Bill of Rights?
How are the American Revolution and the French Revolution similar?
they were both able to win freedom and their rights, and establish a republic
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